Best asian date columbus ohio opening

best asian date columbus ohio opening

Downtown Columbus if full of life and is the perfect spot for your night out. 1. A Clippers Game. A home game at Huntington Park for a summer date night will make you hit a home run with your special someone. If you're looking to go out any other time during the year then fear not There is a quaint movie theater located within the Arena District that fits your date night needs. You can choose a gourmet meal or the buttery popcorn from their dining services. Just pair it with a movie and your sweetie, you won't regret it The Scioto Mile has the best view of downtown Columbus. How more romantic can you get than this spectacular view in the evening? It is also home to several parks including the Bicentennial Park.

best asian date columbus ohio opening

A celebration of Asian culture- including dance, music, martial arts, food and much more. Unique opportunity to see performers from Asia and all over the US. Vendors. Children's area offers crafts, games and other activities. Food court. Martial arts stage. Valuable health screenings and an opportunity to explore alternative medicine such as accupuncture. Prior to the festival is the Dragon Boat race. For schedule, directions and more information see .

best asian date columbus ohio opening

best asian date columbus ohio opening - Cheap Flights from Columbus, Ohio to Asia, from $394 Round trip from CMH to Asia

best asian date columbus ohio opening

Columbus ( ) is the of and the in the of . With a population of 879,170 as of 2017 estimates, it is the in the and one of the fastest growing large cities in the nation. This makes Columbus the in the US (after and ) and the second-most populous city in the (after , ). It is the core city of the , which encompasses ten counties. With a population of 2,078,725, it is Ohio's . Zip codes • 43035, 43085, 43201-43207, 43209-43224, 43226-43232, 43234-43236, 43240, 43251, 43260, 43266, 43268, 43270-43272, 43279, 43287, 43291 , 39-18000 feature ID 1080996 Website Columbus is the of .

The municipality has also portions of adjoining , and counties. Named for explorer , the city was founded in 1812 at the of the and rivers, and assumed the functions of state capital in 1816.

The city has a diverse economy based on education, government, insurance, banking, defense, aviation, food, clothes, logistics, steel, energy, medical research, health care, hospitality, retail, and technology. Columbus is home to the , the world's largest private research and development foundation; , the world's largest clearinghouse of chemical information; , the world's largest jet aircraft fleet; and , one of the largest universities in the United States.

As of 2013 , the city has the headquarters of five corporations in the U.S. : , , , , and . The food service corporations , , , , and and the nationally known companies , , and are also based in the metropolitan area.

In 2016, Money Magazine ranked Columbus as one of "The 6 Best Big Cities", calling it the best in the Midwest, citing a highly educated workforce and excellent wage growth.

In 2012, Columbus was ranked in 's 50 best cities in the United States. In 2013, gave Columbus an "A" grade as one of the top cities for business in the U.S., and later that year included the city on its list of Best Places for Business and Careers.

Columbus was also ranked as the No. 1 up-and-coming tech city in the nation by Forbes in 2008, and the city was ranked a top-ten city by Relocate America in 2010. In 2007, ranked the city no. 3 in the U.S. for cities of the future, and the was rated no. 1 in 2009 by USA Travel Guide. Map of the Ohio Country between 1775–1794 depicting locations of battles and massacres surrounding the area that would eventually become Ohio.

The area including modern-day Columbus once comprised the , under the nominal control of the through the Viceroyalty of from 1663 until 1763.

In the 18th century, European traders flocked to the area, attracted by the . The area found itself frequently caught between warring factions, including American Indian and European interests. In the 1740s, Pennsylvania traders overran the territory until the French forcibly evicted them. In the early 1750s, the sent to the Ohio Country to survey.

Fighting for control of the territory in the (1754-1763) became part of the international (1756-1763). During this period, the region routinely suffered turmoil, massacres, and battles. The 1763 ceded the Ohio Country to the . Virginia Military District After the , the Ohio Country became part of the , under the control of the United States.

Colonists from the East Coast moved in, but rather than finding an empty , they encountered people of the , , , , and nations, as well as European traders. The tribes resisted expansion by the fledgling United States, leading to years of bitter conflict. The decisive resulted in the , which finally opened the way for new settlements.

By 1797, a young from named had founded a permanent settlement on the west bank of the forks of the Scioto River and Olentangy River. An admirer of , Sullivant chose to name his village "". The location was desirable for its proximity to rivers—but Sullivant was initially foiled when, in 1798, a large wiped out the new settlement. He persevered, and the village was rebuilt.

19th Century Old City Hall, completed in 1872 and burned in 1921 After Ohio achieved statehood in 1803, political infighting among prominent Ohio leaders led to the state capital moving from to and back again. Desiring to settle on a location, the state legislature considered , , , and before compromising on a plan to build a new city in the state's center, near major transportation routes, primarily rivers.

Named in honor of Christopher Columbus, the city was founded on February 14, 1812, on the "High Banks opposite Franklinton at the Forks of the Scioto most known as Wolf's Ridge." At the time, this area was a dense forestland, used only as a hunting ground. The "" [ ] was officially established on February 10, 1816.

Nine people were elected to fill the various positions of Mayor, Treasurer, and several others. In 1816-1817, would serve as the 1st Mayor. Although the recent had brought prosperity to the area, the subsequent recession and conflicting claims to the land threatened the new town's success. Early conditions were abysmal with frequent bouts of fevers and an outbreak of in 1833. The reached Columbus from in 1831, which complemented the city's new link to the and facilitated a population boom.

A wave of European led to the creation of two ethnic on the city's outskirts. A large population settled in the north along Naghten Street (presently Nationwide Boulevard), while the took advantage of the cheap land to the south, creating a community that came to be known as the (The Old South End).

Columbus's German population constructed numerous breweries, , and . The Great Southern Hotel in downtown Columbus was completed in 1897 With a population of 3,500, Columbus was officially chartered as a city on March 3, 1834.

On that day the legislature carried out a , which granted legislative authority to the and judicial authority to the mayor. Elections were held in April of that year, with voters choosing one as the first mayor.

Columbus annexed the then-separate city of in 1837. In 1850, the became the first railroad into the city, followed by the in 1851. The two railroads built a joint on the east side of High Street just north of Naghten (then called North Public Lane). Rail traffic into Columbus increased—by 1875, eight railroads served Columbus, and the rail companies built a new, more elaborate station.

On January 7, 1857, the finally opened after 18 years of construction. Legendary Columbus native , subject of July 9, 1951, cover Before the abolition of slavery in the South in 1863, the was active in Columbus; led, in part, by . Poindexter arrived in Columbus in the 1830s and became a Baptist Preacher and leader in the city's African-American community until the turn of the century. During the , Columbus was a major base for the volunteer .

It housed 26,000 troops and held up to 9,000 at , at what is now the of west Columbus. Over 2,000 Confederate soldiers remain buried at the site, making it one of the North's largest Confederate cemeteries. North of Columbus, along the Delaware Road, the established , where the organized and trained.

By virtue of the , the (which became ) founded in 1870 on the former estate of . Waterford Tower, shadowed by the in downtown Columbus. By the end of the 19th century, Columbus was home to several major manufacturing businesses.

The city became known as the "Buggy Capital of the World," thanks to the two dozen factories—notably the Columbus Buggy Company, founded in 1875 by C.D. Firestone. The Columbus Consolidated Brewing Company also rose to prominence during this time, and might have achieved even greater success were it not for the in neighboring .

In the , a forward-thinking man named presided over the Company. Columbus was also a popular location for labor organizations. In 1886, founded the in Druid's Hall on S. Fourth Street, and in 1890 the was founded at old City Hall. In 1894, , who would go on to an illustrious literary career in Paris and New York City, was born in the city.

Today the Ohio State's theater department has a performance center named in his honor, and his youthful home near the Discovery District is on the . 20th century to the present Street arches returned to the in late 2002 "The Columbus Experiment" was an internationally recognized environmental project in 1908, which involved construction of the first water plant in the world to apply filtration and softening, designed and invented by two brothers, Clarence and Charles Hoover.

Those working to construct the project included , name-bearer of the Columbus metropolitan area's . This invention helped drastically reduce deaths. The essential design is still used today.

Columbus earned one of its nicknames, The Arch City, because of the dozens of wooden arches that spanned High Street at the turn of the 20th century. The arches illuminated the thoroughfare and eventually became the means by which electric power was provided to the new . The city tore down the arches and replaced them with cluster lights in 1914 but reconstructed them from metal in the district in 2002 for their unique historical interest. On March 25, 1913, the devastated the neighborhood of Franklinton, leaving over ninety people dead and thousands of West Side residents homeless.

To prevent flooding, the recommended widening the Scioto River through downtown, constructing new bridges, and building a along its banks. With the strength of the post- economy, a construction boom occurred in the 1920s, resulting in a new , the , the , and, to the north, a massive new .

Although the was founded in in 1920, its head offices moved to Columbus in 1921 to the and remained in the city until 1941. In 1922, the association's name was changed to the . A decade later, in 1931, at a convention in the city, the took that name by which they are known today. , downtown The effects of the were less severe in Columbus, as the city's diversified economy helped it fare better than its neighbors. brought many new jobs and another population surge. This time, most new arrivals were migrants from the "extraordinarily depressed rural areas" of , who would soon account for more than a third of Columbus's growing population.

In 1948, the Town and Country Shopping Center opened in suburban , and it is now regarded as one of the first modern shopping centers in the United States. Columbus artist James Mason's French Topiary Gardens at the Old Deaf School Park, constructed in 1989 in downtown, was conceptually conceived from 's .

The construction of the signaled the arrival of rapid suburb development in central Ohio. To protect the city's tax base from this suburbanization, Columbus adopted a policy of linking sewer and water hookups to to the city.

By the early 1990s, Columbus had grown to become Ohio's largest city in land area and in population. Efforts to revitalize have had some success in recent decades, though like most major American cities, some architectural heritage was lost in the process. In the 1970s, landmarks such as and the Neil House Hotel were razed to construct high-rise offices and big retail space.

The was constructed in 1977, as well as the and other towers that sprouted during this period. The construction of the has brought major conventions and trade shows to the city.

The Scioto Mile is a showcase park being developed along the riverfront, an area that already had the and . Corporate interests have developed , including the at the corner of Broad and High.

The forced the city to purchase numerous foreclosed, vacant properties to renovate or demolish them–at a cost of tens of millions of dollars. As of February 2011, Columbus had 6,117 vacant properties, according to city officials. visited in 1928 for an aviation campaign. Aviation In 1907, 14-year-old built the SkyCycle, a pedal-powered blimp, which he flew at .

Three years later, one of the ' exhibition pilots, Phillip Parmalee, conducted the world's first commercial cargo flight when he flew two packages containing 88 kilograms of silk 70 miles (110 km) from Dayton to Columbus in a . Military aviators from Columbus distinguished themselves during World War I. Six Columbus pilots, led by top , achieved forty-two "kills" – a full 10% of all US aerial victories in the war, and more than the aviators of any other American city.

After the war, became the axis of a coordinated rail-to-air transcontinental system that moved passengers from the East Coast to the West. TAT, which later became , provided commercial service, following 's promotion of Columbus to the nation for such a hub. Following the failure of a bond levy in 1927 to build the airport, Lindbergh campaigned in the city in 1928, and the next bond levy passed that year. On July 8, 1929 the airport opened for business with the inaugural TAT west-bound flight from Columbus to Waynoka, Oklahoma.

Among the 19 passengers on that flight was , with and attending the opening ceremonies. In 1964, Ohio native became the first woman to fly solo around the world, leaving from Columbus and piloting the Spirit of Columbus.

Her flight lasted nearly a month, and set a record for speed for planes under 3,858 pounds (1,750 kg). John Glenn Columbus International Airport taken from the The confluence of the and rivers occurs just north-west of . Several smaller tributaries course through the , including , , and . Columbus is considered to have relatively flat thanks to a large that covered most of Ohio during the .

However, there are sizable differences in elevation through the area, with the high point of Franklin County being 1,132 ft (345 m) near , and the low point being 670 ft (200 m) where the Scioto River leaves the county near .

Numerous ravines near the rivers and creeks also add variety to the landscape. Tributaries to Alum Creek and the Olentangy River cut through shale, while tributaries to the Scioto River cut through limestone. According to the , the city has a total area of 223.11 square miles (577.85 km 2), of which 217.17 square miles (562.47 km 2) is land and 5.94 square miles (15.38 km 2) is water.

Neighborhoods Climate The city's climate is ( Dfa) transitional with the to the south characterized by hot, muggy summers and cold, dry winters. Columbus is within USDA 6a. Winter snowfall is relatively light, since the city is not in the typical path of strong winter lows, such as the that strike cities farther east.

It is also too far south and west for from to have much effect, although the lakes to the North contribute to long stretches of cloudy spells in winter. The highest temperature recorded in Columbus was 106 °F (41 °C), which occurred twice during the of the 1930s—once on July 21, 1934, and again on July 14, 1936.

The lowest recorded temperature was −22 °F (−30 °C), occurring on January 19, 1994. (wind chill was −63 °F (−53 °C)). Columbus is subject to typical to the . Severe thunderstorms can bring , large and on rare occasion , especially during the spring and sometimes through fall.

A tornado that occurred on October 11, 2006 caused damage. Floods, blizzards, and ice storms can also occur from time to time. Climate data for Columbus, Ohio (), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1878–present Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 74 (23) 78 (26) 85 (29) 90 (32) 96 (36) 102 (39) 106 (41) 103 (39) 100 (38) 91 (33) 80 (27) 76 (24) 106 (41) Mean maximum °F (°C) 58.7 (14.8) 63.3 (17.4) 74.8 (23.8) 82.2 (27.9) 87.1 (30.6) 92.2 (33.4) 93.5 (34.2) 92.7 (33.7) 89.3 (31.8) 82.1 (27.8) 71.4 (21.9) 61.3 (16.3) 94.9 (34.9) Average high °F (°C) 36.5 (2.5) 40.6 (4.8) 51.1 (10.6) 63.5 (17.5) 72.9 (22.7) 81.6 (27.6) 84.9 (29.4) 83.7 (28.7) 77.0 (25) 65.1 (18.4) 52.6 (11.4) 40.1 (4.5) 62.6 (17) Average low °F (°C) 22.6 (−5.2) 25.0 (−3.9) 32.7 (0.4) 42.6 (5.9) 52.2 (11.2) 61.5 (16.4) 65.5 (18.6) 64.1 (17.8) 56.5 (13.6) 45.0 (7.2) 36.1 (2.3) 26.8 (−2.9) 44.3 (6.8) Mean minimum °F (°C) 0.8 (−17.3) 5.5 (−14.7) 13.8 (−10.1) 26.0 (−3.3) 36.9 (2.7) 47.2 (8.4) 53.0 (11.7) 52.3 (11.3) 40.6 (4.8) 29.9 (−1.2) 20.4 (−6.4) 7.4 (−13.7) −3.4 (−19.7) Record low °F (°C) −22 (−30) −20 (−29) −6 (−21) 14 (−10) 25 (−4) 35 (2) 43 (6) 39 (4) 31 (−1) 17 (−8) −5 (−21) −17 (−27) −22 (−30) Average inches (mm) 2.73 (69) 2.25 (57) 3.02 (77) 3.40 (86) 4.17 (106) 4.01 (102) 4.79 (122) 3.32 (84) 2.84 (72) 2.61 (66) 3.20 (81) 2.97 (75) 39.31 (998) Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.2 (23) 6.1 (15) 4.2 (11) 1.1 (3) trace 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.2 (1) 0.9 (2) 5.0 (13) 26.7 (68) Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 14.0 11.4 12.8 13.7 13.9 11.2 10.6 9.2 8.4 9.4 11.4 13.2 139.2 Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 9.1 6.6 4.5 1.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.8 6.5 29.8 Average (%) 71.4 69.5 64.5 62.5 66.5 68.5 70.6 72.8 72.8 69.3 71.8 74.1 69.5 Mean monthly 110.6 126.3 162.0 201.8 243.4 258.1 260.9 235.9 212.0 183.1 104.2 84.3 2,182.6 Percent 37 42 44 51 55 57 57 56 57 53 35 29 49 Source: NOAA (sun 1961–1990) Census Pop.

%± 2,435 — 6,048 148.4% 17,882 195.7% 18,554 3.8% 31,274 68.6% 51,647 65.1% 88,150 70.7% 125,560 42.4% 181,511 44.6% 237,031 30.6% 290,564 22.6% 306,087 5.3% 375,901 22.8% 471,316 25.4% 539,677 14.5% 564,871 4.7% 632,910 12.0% 711,470 12.4% 787,033 10.6% Est.

2017 879,170 11.7% U.S. Decennial Census 2015 Estimate Racial composition 2010 1990 1970 1950 61.5% 74.4% 81.0% 87.5% —Non-Hispanic 59.3% 73.8% 80.4% n/a 28.0% 22.6% 18.5% 12.4% (of any race) 5.6% 1.1% 0.6% n/a 4.1% 2.4% 0.2% 0.1% Map of racial distribution in Columbus, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian Hispanic, or Other (yellow) In 1900, made up 93.4% of the population. Though immigration has been on a decline, the Columbus metropolitan area has recently experienced increases in , , and immigration, including groups from , , , and .

Although the Asian population is diverse, the city's Hispanic community is mainly made up of , though there is a notable population. Many other countries of origin are represented in lesser numbers, largely due to the international draw of . 2008 estimates indicate roughly 116,000 of the city's residents are foreign-born, accounting for 82% of the new residents between 2000–2006 at a rate of 105 per week.

40% of the immigrants came from Asia, 23% from Africa, 22% from Latin America, and 13% from Europe. The city had the second largest Somali and population in the country, as of 2004. Due to its demographics, which include a mix of races and a wide range of incomes, as well as urban, suburban, and nearby rural areas, Columbus is considered a "typical" American city, leading retail and to use it as a for new products.

2000 census As of the 2000 census, 711,470 people, 301,534 households, and 165,240 families lived in the city. The population density was 3,383.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,306.4/km 2). There were 327,175 housing units at an average density of 1,556.0 per square mile (600.8/km 2).

The racial makeup of the city was 67.93% , 24.47% or , 0.29% , 3.44% , 0.05% , 1.17% from , and 2.65% from two or more races.

2.46% of the population were or of any race. The five most common ancestries reported were (19.4%), (11.7%), (7.9%), (7.2%), and (5.0%). attracts thousands of students from all over the world There were 301,534 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.1% were married couples living together and 45.2% were non-families.

34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.01.

The age distribution is 24.2% under the age of 18, 14.0% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males. The for a household in the city was $37,897, and the median income for a family was $47,391. Males had a median income of $35,138 versus $28,705 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,450.

About 10.8% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over. 2010 census As of the census of 2010, there were 787,033 people, 331,602 households, and 176,037 families residing in the city.

The population density was 3,624.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,399.2/km 2). There were 370,965 housing units at an average density of 1,708.2 per square mile (659.5/km 2). The racial makeup of the city was 61.5% , 28.0% , 0.3% , 4.1% , 0.1% , 2.9% from , and 3.3% from two or more races. or of any were 5.6% of the population. Of the 331,602 households, 29.1% had children under the age of 18, 32.0% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.9% were non-families.

35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age in the city was 31.2 years. 23.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 14% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32.3% were from 25 to 44; 21.8% were from 45 to 64; and 8.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

According to the "2013 Japanese Direct Investment Survey" by the , 705 , making it the municipality with the state's second largest Japanese national population, after .

Holy Name Church is located in the University District of Columbus According to , 37.6% of Columbus residents are religious. Of this group, 15.7% identify as Protestant, 13.7% as Catholic, 1.5% as Jewish, 0.6% as Muslim, and 0.5% as . Places of worship include St.

Paul's Lutheran Church and Lamb of God Lutheran Church of the , , Trinity Episcopal Church, Global Community United Methodist Church, Christian Community Church North, the , Broad Street United Methodist Church, First Unitarian Universalist Church of Columbus, Second Presbyterian Church, St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Shiloh Baptist Church, Roman Catholic Church's , (the seat of the ), the St. Thomas More Newman Center (Catholic), Holy Name Catholic Church, Our Lady of Peace Catholic Church, Columbus Chinese Christian Church, All Nations Christian Fellowship (ANCF), Veritas Community Church, the Indianola Church of Christ, , North Columbus Friends Meeting (), , Russian Baptist Church of Columbus (in Dublin, OH), the Ahlul Bayt Islamic Center, the Muslim , Beth Jacob Synagogue (Orthodox Jewish) and the , the oldest synagogue in Columbus, Life Church at Easton in NE Columbus and The First Baptist Church of Columbus, Ohio, one of the oldest baptist churches in Columbus, in East Columbus.

Megachurches include , , in a southeast suburb and the First Church of God in Southeast Columbus off of State Route 104 and Refugee Road. Religious teaching institutions include the and the .

OPERS building, downtown Columbus has a generally strong and diverse economy based on education, insurance, banking, fashion, defense, aviation, food, logistics, steel, energy, medical research, health care, hospitality, retail, and technology.

In 2010, it was one of the 10 best big cities in the country, according to Relocate America, a real estate research firm. ranked Columbus and its metro area as the No.

7 best place in the country to operate a business in 2008. In 2012, Forbes Magazine ranked the city as the best city for working moms. In 2007, the city was ranked No.

3 in the United States by for "Cities of the Future", and No. 4 for most business-friendly in the country. Columbus was ranked as the seventh strongest economy in the United States in 2006, and the best in Ohio, according to Policom Corp.

According to the , the GDP of Columbus in 2016 was $131 billion. SERS building, downtown During the , Columbus's economy was not impacted as much as the rest of the country, due to decades of diversification work by long-time corporate residents, business leaders, and political leaders.

The administration of former mayor continued this work, although the city faced financial turmoil and had to increase taxes, allegedly due in part to fiscal mismanagement. Because Columbus is the state capital, there is a large government presence in the city. Including city, county, state, and federal employers, provide the largest single source of employment within Columbus.

In 2013, the city had four corporations named to the U.S. Fortune 500 list: , , , and , with in suburban . Other major employers in the area include numerous schools (for example, The Ohio State University) and hospitals, hi-tech research and development including the , information/library companies such as and , steel processing and pressure cylinder manufacturer , financial institutions such as and , as well as .

and are also headquartered in Columbus. Major foreign corporations operating or with divisions in the city include Germany-based and , Finland-based , Tomasco Mulciber Inc., A Y Manufacturing, as well as -based and . Landmarks The Ohio Statehouse and its The construction began in 1839 on a 10-acre (4 ha) plot of land donated by four prominent Columbus landowners. This plot formed Capitol Square, which was not part of the city's original layout. Built of Columbus from the , the Statehouse stands on foundations 18 feet (5.5 m) deep, laid by gangs rumored to have been composed largely of jailed for minor infractions.

The Statehouse features a central recessed with a of a forthright and primitive . A broad and low central pediment supports the windowed drum under an invisibly low that lights the interior .

There are several artworks within and outside the building, including the dedicated in 1907. Unlike many U.S. state capitol buildings, the Ohio State Capitol owes little to the architecture of the . During the Statehouse's 22 year construction, seven architects were employed. Relations between the legislature and the architects were not always cordial: Nathan B.

Kelly, who introduced heating and an ingenious system of natural forced ventilation, was dismissed because the commissioners found his designs too lavish for the committee's original intentions. The Statehouse was opened to the legislature and the public in 1857 and completed in 1861. It is at the intersection of Broad and High Streets in downtown Columbus. In 1941, a artist named painted a 13 panel oil on canvas mural for the Neil House Hotel in Columbus. The building was destroyed to make way for the Huntington Center and the panels' locations are unknown.

Founded in 1975, The Jefferson Center for Learning and the Arts is a campus of nonprofit organizations and a center for research, publications, and seminars on nonprofit leadership and governance. Located at the eastern edge of downtown Columbus, The Jefferson Center has restored 11 turn-of-the-century homes, including the childhood residence of . These locations are used for nonprofits in human services, education and the arts.

A full-scale replica of the used to be found on the Scioto Riverfront. Installed in 1992 to commemorate the 500-year anniversary of the by Columbus's , in 2013 the Santa Maria has been removed from the riverfront to make way for the Scioto Greenways project, a restoration of the Scioto River through downtown.

Currently there are no plans to return the replica, which needs significant renovations. Within the heritage district lies the original home of , the famous World War I ace.

Reconstruction of the home is underway. Established in 1848, is one of the largest cemeteries in the Midwestern United States. Landmark photos • Columbus Museum of Art, downtown The opened in 1931, and its collection focuses on European and up to early that includes extraordinary examples of , and . The , a gallery and research facility, is on the Campus of . Also on campus is the Ohio State University Athletics Hall of Fame, in the (home of the basketball and men's ice hockey teams), as well as the museum next door.

Located on 88 acres (36 ha), just east of Downtown in Franklin Park, the is a that opened in 1895. It features over 400 species of plants in a large Victorian style glass greenhouse building that includes rain forest, desert, and Himalayan mountain biomes.

, (Center of ), is a large science museum. The present building, the former , was completed in November 1999, opposite downtown on the west bank of the River. In 2009, magazine named COSI one of the ten best Science Centers for families in the country.

The is headquartered in Columbus, with its flagship museum, the 250,000-square-foot (23,000 m 2) Ohio History Center, 4 mi (6.4 km) north of downtown. Along with the museum is , a replica of a village around the time of the American Civil War. The is a museum devoted to Victorian life. Built in 1852, it was home to three generations of the Kelton Family and was a documented station on the .

In 1989, Columbus hosted the "Son of Heaven: Imperial Arts of China," a cultural exchange display from China featuring the artifacts of the ancient . Performing arts The is a Columbus is the home of many renowned performing arts institutions including the , Opera Columbus, , the ProMusica Chamber Orchestra, , Columbus Children's Theatre, Shadowbox Cabaret and the Columbus .

Throughout the summer, the offers free performances of plays in an open-air in in historic . The Columbus Youth Ballet Academy was founded in the 1980s by internationally celebrated ballerina and artistic director Shir Lee Wu, a discovery of .

Wu is now the artistic director of the Columbus City Ballet School, while her instruction remains in strong demand globally. Her students of the last couple decades have furthered their education at institutions such as The , , and the , while some have gone on to perform with companies such as the , , Martha Graham Contemporary Dance Company, and BalletMet Columbus.

Her students have won gold medals at the Youth American Grand Prix competition in New York and others have been finalists in competitions such as the Concord De Dance de Paris. The , built in 1896, is a Columbus has several large concert venues, including the and . The (formerly LC Pavilion) (formerly the PromoWest Pavilion), Veterans Memorial Auditorium (under reconstruction), Mershon Auditorium, and the round out the city's music performance spaces.

In May 2009, the , formerly a center for Black culture in Columbus, reopened after an extensive restoration. Not far from the Lincoln Theatre is the King Arts Complex, which hosts a variety of cultural events. The city also has several theatres downtown, including the historic , the , and the . often presents touring Broadway musicals in these larger venues.

The Vern Riffe Center for Government and the Arts houses the Capitol Theatre and three smaller studio theatres, providing a home for resident performing arts companies. Film filmed in Columbus and the central Ohio area include 's in 2000. Other movies filmed in Columbus and the central Ohio area include (by local filmmakers Peter John Ross, John Whitney, and producer Philip R.

Garrett) in 2006, , Fallen Angels in 2006, Steven Soderbergh's in 2005, Criminal Minds in 1998, 's in 1997, in 1989, in 2004, in 2013 and in 1984. Mapfre Stadium, the first in the U.S., and home to . Columbus professional and major NCAA D1 teams Club League Sport Venue (capacity) Founded Titles Average Attendance Football (104,851) 1890 8 105,261 (19,968) 1996 1 16,881 Basketball (19,000) 1892 1 16,511 (18,500) 2000 0 16,659 (10,100) 1977 10 9,212 (6,500) 2011 1 — Professional teams , home of the NHL's Columbus Blue Jackets, Arena District Columbus hosts two major league professional sports teams: the of the (NHL) which play at and of (MLS) which play at , the first built in the United States for a Major League Soccer team.

The Crew were one of the original members of MLS, and won their first in 2008. The , Triple A affiliate of the (formerly a long-time affiliate of the through 2006, and the through 2008), play in , which opened in 2009.

The city was home to the football team from 1901–1926. In the 1990s the won the only two championships during 's existence. The were based in and began play in the only before the league folded.

Ohio State Buckeyes The , on the , is the 7th-largest non-racing stadium in the world and one of the largest football stadiums in the United States. Columbus is home to one of the most competitive intercollegiate programs in the nation, the of . The program has placed in the top-10 final standings of the five times since 2000–2001, including No. 3 for the 2002–2003 season and No. 4 for the 2003–2004 season. The university funds 36 varsity teams, consisting of 17 male, 16 female, and three co-educational teams.

In 2007–2008 and 2008–2009, the program generated the second-most revenue for college programs behind the of . The are a member of the 's , and the football team plays home games at . The - football game (known colloquially as "The Game") is the final game of the regular season and is played in November each year, alternating between Columbus and . In 2000, ranked the Ohio State-Michigan game as the greatest rivalry in North American sports.

Moreover, "Buckeye fever" permeates Columbus culture year-round and forms a major part of Columbus's cultural identity.

Former New York Yankees owner , an Ohio native who studied at Ohio State at one point and who coached in Columbus, was an Ohio State football fan and major donor to the university, having contributed for the construction of the band facility at the renovated Ohio Stadium, which bears his family's name. During the winter months, the Buckeyes and teams are also major sporting attractions. , of the NHL . Other sports Columbus hosts the annual fitness expo and competition in early March.

Hosted by , the event has grown to eight and 12,000 athletes competing in 20 events. In conjunction with the Arnold Classic, the city hosted three consecutive events between 2007–2009, as well as other events. Automotive racing star 's company, Jeff Gordon Inc., along with Arshot Investment Corp., have plans to construct [ ] the Center for Automotive Research & Technology at , a proposed racing venue and center just west of downtown.

, a business venture owned by winner , television personality , and entrepreneur , is based in the Columbus area. Columbus has a long history in motorsports, hosting the world's first 24-hour car race at the Columbus Driving Park in 1905, organized by the Columbus Auto Club. The was built in 1945 and held their first motorcycle race in 1946. In 2010 the student-built , a fuel cell vehicle, set a FIA world speed record for electric vehicles in reaching 303.025 mph, eclipsing the previous record of 302.877 mph.

The annual , the world's largest single breed horse show, attracts approximately 500,000 visitors to the Ohio Expo Center each October. The were two-time champions of the American Football League (1940–1941). The Columbus Thunderbolts were formed in 1991 for the Arena Football League, and then relocated to Cleveland as the Cleveland Thunderbolts; the were the next team of the AFL, playing from 2004 until the league's demise in 2008. , The includes , a collection of public gardens; Highbanks Metro Park; Battelle-Darby Creek Metro Park; as well as many others.

Battelle-Darby Creek Metro Park is notable for its re-introduction of wild bison to the park in 2011, a herd that has grown to 11 bison that are often on view for park visitors. The in the southwestern part of town is considered to be especially significant for its beauty and .

Clintonville is home to Whetstone Park, which includes the Park of Roses, a beautiful 13-acre (5.3 ha) rose garden. The on the OSU campus features a large and varied collection of plants. Downtown, the famous painting is represented in at Columbus's Old Deaf School Park.

Also near downtown, a new Metro Park on the Whittier Peninsula opened in 2009. The park includes a large Audubon nature center focused on the excellent the area is known for.

The 's collections include lowland gorillas, polar bears, manatees, Siberian tigers, cheetahs, and kangaroos. Its director emeritus, , frequently appears on national television, including on and the . In 2009, it was ranked as the best zoo in the United States. Also in the zoo complex is the and . Fairs and festivals The and Expo is held in late July to early August. Annual festivities in Columbus include the —one of the largest state fairs in the country—as well as the Columbus and the Jazz and Ribs Festival, both of which occur on the downtown riverfront.

In the middle of May, Columbus is home to Rock on the Range, marketed as "America's Biggest Rock Festival." The festival, which takes place on a Friday, Saturday, and Sunday, has hosted Metallica, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Slipknot, and other notable bands. During the first weekend in June, the bars of Columbus's trendy North Market District host the Park Street Festival, which attracts thousands of visitors to a massive party in bars and on the street.

June's second-to-last weekend sees one of the Midwest's largest , reflecting the city's sizable gay population. During the last weekend of June, Goodale Park hosts (short for "Community Festival"), an immense three-day music festival marketed as the largest non-commercial festival in the U.S., with art vendors, live music on multiple stages, hundreds of local social and political organizations, , and beer. district hosts the "Gallery Hop" monthly.

The Hot Times festival, a celebration of music, arts, food, and diversity, is held annually in the historic neighborhood. The city's largest dining events, Restaurant Week Columbus, are held in mid-July and mid-January. In 2010, more than 40,000 diners went to 40 participating restaurants, and $5,000 was donated the Mid-Ohio Foodbank on behalf of sponsors and participating restaurants.

The Juneteenth Ohio Festival is held each year at Franklin Park on weekend. Started by , JuneteenthOhio is one of the largest African American festivals in the United States, including three full days of music, food, dance, and entertainment by local and national recording artists. The festival holds a Father's Day celebration, honoring local fathers. Around the , Columbus hosts Red, White, and Boom!

on the Scioto riverfront downtown, attracting crowds of over 500,000 people. The popular is held at this time, as well. During Weekend, the Asian Festival is held in Franklin Park. Hundreds of restaurants, vendors, and companies open up booths, and martial arts are performed, and cultural exhibits are set up.

In recent years, [ ] it has drawn more than 100,000 people. The Jazz and Rib Fest is a free downtown event held each July featuring jazz artists like Randy Weston, D. Bohannon Clark, and Wayne Shorter, along with rib vendors from around the country. The is host to the monthly "Gallery Hop", which attracts hundreds to the neighborhood's art galleries (which all open their doors to the public until late at night) and . The Hilltop Bean Dinner is an annual event held on Columbus's West Side that celebrates the city's Civil War heritage near the historic Camp Chase Cemetery.

At the end of September, throws an annual celebration that features authentic , beer, music, and crafts. The Short North also hosts HighBall Halloween, Masquerade on High, a fashion show and street parade that closes down High Street.

In 2011, in its fourth year, HighBall Halloween gained notoriety as it accepted its first Expy award. HighBall Halloween has much to offer for those interested in fashion and the performing and visual arts or for those who want to celebrate Halloween and with food and drinks from all around the city. Each year the event is put on with a different theme and it increases in size and popularity.

[ ] Columbus also hosts many conventions in the Greater Columbus Convention Center, a pastel-colored building on the north edge of downtown that resembles jumbled blocks, or a train yard from overhead. Completed in 1993, the 1,700,000 square feet (160,000 m 2) convention center was designed by architect , who also designed the Wexner Center. Shopping Developer built the area's first three major shopping malls in the 1960s: , , and .

Of these, only Eastland remains in operation. was built downtown in 1988, alongside the first location of ; this mall closed in 2009 and was demolished in 2011. was built in 1999, and in 2001. The Government Center The city is administered by a mayor and a seven-member unicameral council elected in two classes every two years to four-year terms. The mayor appoints the director of safety and the director of public service. The people elect the , , and .

A charter commission, elected in 1913, submitted, in May 1914, a new charter offering a modified Federal form, with a number of progressive features, such as nonpartisan ballot, , recall of , the referendum, and a small council elected at large. The charter was adopted, effective January 1, 1916.

The current mayor of Columbus is . Law Police headquarters duties are performed by the . In 2009, Columbus was ranked the 38th-most-dangerous U.S. city in the United States by , using weighted compiled by the . In 2011, Columbus had 92 homicides, an average year for the city, and 658 violent crimes for every 100,000 people. Columbus has the highest rate of African-Americans killed by police per year.

The Strategic Analysis and Information Center (SAIC) fusion center, one of the few in the country that uses state, local, federal, and private resources, is the primary public intelligence hub in the state and located in the Hilltop neighborhood. The Ohio State University's Drinko Hall is home of the Colleges and universities Columbus is the home of two public : , one of the in the United States, and .

In 2009, The Ohio State University was ranked No. 19 in the country by U.S. News & World Report for best public university, and No. 56 overall, scoring in the first tier of schools nationally. Some of OSU's graduate school programs placed in the top 5, including: No. 5 for best veterinary program and No.

5 for best pharmacy program. The specialty graduate programs of social psychology was ranked No. 2, dispute resolution was ranked No. 5, vocational education No.

2, and elementary education, secondary teacher education, administration/supervision No. 5. Private institutions in Columbus include , the , , , , Miami-Jacobs Career College, , and , as well as the religious schools , Mount Carmel College of Nursing, , , and . Three major suburban schools also have an influence on Columbus's educational landscape: Bexley's , Westerville's , and Delaware's .

Primary and secondary schools Columbus Downtown High School (CCS), formerly Columbus , is the largest district in Ohio, with 55,000 pupils. CCS operates 142 elementary, , and high schools, including a number of (which are referred to as within the school system). The suburbs operate their own districts, typically serving students in one or more townships, with districts sometimes crossing municipal boundaries. The also operates several . The area's second largest school district is , which encompasses southwestern Franklin County.

There are also several private schools in the area. St. Paul's Lutheran School is a K-8 Christian school of the in Columbus. Some sources claim the first in the United States was established here by Louisa Frankenberg, a former student of . Frankenberg immigrated to the city in 1838. In addition, Indianola Junior High School (now the ) became the nation's first in 1909, helping to bridge the difficult transition from elementary to high school at a time when only 48% of students continued their education after the .

Libraries The (CML) has been serving residents of central Ohio since 1873. With a collection of 3 million items, the system has 22 locations throughout the area. This library is one of the country's most-used library systems and is consistently among the top-ranked large city libraries according to "Hennen's American Public Library Ratings." CML was rated the No.

1 library system in the nation in 1999, 2005, and 2008. It has been in the top four every year since 1999 when the rankings were first published in American Libraries magazine, often challenging up-state neighbor for the top spot. CML was named Library of the Year by the in 2010. building in 2008, Capitol Square Several weekly and daily newspapers serve Columbus and Central Ohio. The major daily newspaper in Columbus is ; its erstwhile main competitor, , ceased publication on December 31, 1985.

There are also neighborhood/suburb specific papers, such as the Dispatch Printing Company's ThisWeek Community News, which serves 23 suburbs and Columbus, the , and the independently owned Short North Gazette. and serves community.

"Alternative" arts/culture/politics-oriented papers include 's Outlook: Columbus (serving the community in Columbus), and (formerly the independent Columbus Alive and now owned by the Columbus Dispatch). The newest addition to the Columbus media scene is Live Local! Columbus, a free, quarterly magazine that focuses on local arts, culture, and events. The Columbus Magazine, CityScene, (614) Magazine, and are the city's magazines. Online media publication also serves the Columbus region as an independently owned alternative voice.

The city's business community is served by The Daily Reporter, central Ohio's only printed daily business and legal newspaper; , a daily online/weekly print business publication that is part of the Charlotte-based , and Columbus CEO, a monthly business magazine. Gongwer News Service, a daily independent political newsletter, provides extensive Statehouse coverage.

Television Columbus is the base for 12 television stations and is the 32nd largest television market as of September 24, 2016. • 4 () • 17 () • 34 () • 6 () • 23 () • 48 () • 8 () • 28 () • 51 () • 10 () • 33 (multiple networks) • 53 () Warner Cable introduced its two-way interactive system in Columbus in December 1977, which consisted of specialty channels that would evolve into national networks , MTV and .

QUBE also displayed one of the earliest uses of and . Radio Columbus is home to the 36th largest radio market. The following box contains all of the radio stations in the area, as well as their current format: Map showing radio in .

Frequency Call letters Format Premiere date City of license 610 AM News/Talk NewsRadio 610 WTVN Columbus 820 AM Religious St. Gabriel Radio Columbus 880 AM Christian Talk AM 880 WRFD Columbus-Worthington 920 AM Adult Standards WMNI AM 920 Columbus 1230 AM Classic Hip Hop Throwback 105.3 Columbus 1460 AM Sports Talk 1460 ESPN Columbus Columbus 1550 AM Adult Contemporary Local 1550 1580 AM Gospel The Praise Columbus 88.1 FM Religious American Family Radio 88.7 FM Christian Rock RadioU Columbus 89.7 FM Public Radio 89.7fm NPR News Columbus 90.5 FM Public Radio 90.5 WCBE Columbus 91.5 FM Christian Contemporary 91.5 FreedomFM Columbus 92.3 FM Country 92.3 WCOL Columbus 93.3 FM Adult Hits 93.3 The Bus 94.7 FM Adult Contemporary Sunny 95 Columbus 95.5 FM Urban Adult Contemporary Magic 95.5 96.3 FM Classic Rock Q-FM 96 Columbus 97.1 FM Sports Talk 97.1 The Fan Columbus 97.5 FM College 97.5 The Wildcard 97.9 FM CHR 97.9 WNCI Columbus 98.3 FM Community Columbus Community Radio 102.1/98.3 Columbus 98.9 FM Talk 98.9 The Answer 99.7 FM Active Rock 99.7 The Blitz Columbus 100.3 FM Country T-100 101.1 FM Classical Classical 101fm 101.7 FM Classic Hits KOOL 101.7 102.1 FM Community Columbus Community Radio 102.1/98.3 Columbus 102.1 FM Jazz Jazz 102.1 Columbus 102.5 FM Alternative CD102.5 103.1 FM Spanish Adult Contemporary La Mega 103.1 103.5 FM Classic Hits Rewind 103.5/104.3 103.9 FM Variety Hits 103.9 Jack FM 104.3 FM Classic Hits Rewind 103.5/104.3 104.9 FM Christian Contemporary 104.9 The River 105.3 FM Classic hip hop Throwback 105.3 Columbus 105.7 FM Sports Talk 105.7 The Zone 106.7 FM Hip Hop 106.7 The Beat 107.1 FM Gospel Joy 107.1 107.5 / 106.3 FM Hip Hop Power 107.5 Columbus 107.9 FM Hot Adult Contemporary Mix 107.9 Columbus has numerous pedestrian skywalks linking together downtown buildings.

Grid and address system The city's street plan originates downtown and extends into the old-growth neighborhoods, following a with the intersection of (running north–south) and Broad Street (running east–west) at its center. North-South streets run 12 degrees west of due North, parallel to High Street; the Avenues (vis.

Fifth Avenue, Sixth Avenue, Seventh Avenue, and so on.) run east–west. The address system begins its numbering at the intersection of Broad and High, with numbers increasing in magnitude with distance from Broad or High.

Numbered Avenues begin with First Avenue, about 1 1⁄ 4 mi (2.0 km) north of Broad Street, and increase in number as one progresses northward.

Numbered Streets begin with Second Street, which is two blocks west of High Street, and Third Street, which is a block east of High Street, then progress eastward from there. Even-numbered addresses are on the north and east sides of streets, putting odd addresses on the south and west sides of streets.

A difference of 700 house numbers means a distance of about 1 mi (1.6 km) (along the same street). For example, 351 W 5th Avenue is approximately 1⁄ 2 mi (800 m) west of High Street on the south side of Fifth Avenue. Buildings along north–south streets are numbered in a similar manner: the building number indicates the approximate distance from Broad Street, the prefixes 'N' and 'S' indicate whether that distance is to measured to the north or south of Broad Street and the street number itself indicates how far the street is from the center of the city at the intersection of Broad and High.

Locations of numbered streets and avenues This street numbering system does not hold true over a large area. The area served by numbered Avenues runs from about Marble Cliff to South Linden to the Airport, and the area served by numbered Streets covers Downtown and nearby neighborhoods to the east and south, with only a few exceptions.

There are quite few intersections between numbered Streets and Avenues. Furthermore, named Streets and Avenues can have any orientation. For example, while all of the numbered avenues run east–west, perpendicular to High Street, many named, non-numbered avenues run north–south, parallel to High. The same is true of many named streets: while the numbered streets in the city run north–south, perpendicular to Broad Street, many named, non-numbered streets run east–west, perpendicular to High Street.

The addressing system, however, covers nearly all of Franklin County, with only a few older suburbs retaining self-centered address systems. The address scale of 700 per mile results in addresses approaching, but not usually reaching, 10,000 at the county's borders.

Other major, local roads in Columbus include Main Street, Morse Road, Dublin-Granville Road (), Cleveland Avenue/Westerville Road (), Olentangy River Road, Riverside Drive, Sunbury Road, Fifth Avenue and Livingston Avenue. Highways Columbus is bisected by two major , running east–west, and running north to roughly southwest. The two Interstates combine downtown for about 1.5 mi (2.4 km) in an area locally known as "The Split", which is a major point within Columbus, especially during .

, originally known as the , runs east–west through Columbus, comprising Main Street to the east of downtown and Broad Street to the west. runs roughly north–south, while runs northwest-to-southeast. The encircles the vast majority of the city, while the newly redesigned Innerbelt consists of the spur on the north side (which continues to the east past the Airport and to the west where it merges with I-70), on the west side, the I-70/71 split on the south side, and I-71 on the east.

Due to its central location within Ohio and abundance of outbound roadways, nearly all of the state's destinations are within a 2 or 3 hour drive of Columbus. , University District Bridges The Columbus riverfront hosts a few notable bridges which have been built since 2000. The 700 ft (210 m) opened on July 30, 2010 and is the first bridge of its kind in North America.

The bridge is directly south of COSI on the Scioto river, featuring three lanes of traffic (one westbound and two eastbound) and another separated lane for pedestrians and bikes. The Rich Street Bridge opened in July 2012 and is adjacent to the Main Street Bridge connecting Rich Street on the east side of the river with Town Street on the west.

The is a that opened on November 14, 2003 in the University District and spans the Olentangy river with three lanes of traffic each way. Airports The city's primary airport, , is on the city's east side, with several smaller airports in the region as well.

John Glenn, formerly known as Port Columbus, provides service to , and (on a seasonal basis), as well as to most domestic destinations, including all the major hubs along with , , and by June 2019. The airport was a hub for and continues to be a home to , the world's largest air carrier. According to a 2005 market survey, John Glenn Columbus International Airport attracts about 50% of its passengers from outside of its 60-mile (97 km) radius primary service region.

It is the 52nd-busiest airport in the United States by total passenger boardings. , in southern Franklin County, is a major cargo facility and is utilized by the Ohio . offers nonstop service from Rickenbacker to various destinations.

and are significant general-aviation facilities in the Columbus area. Mass transit Columbus maintains a widespread municipal bus service called the (COTA). Intercity bus service is provided by , , Miller Transportation, , and other carriers. Currently, Columbus does not have any type of passenger rail service.

Columbus used to have a major train station downtown called , most notably as a stop along 's train service until 1977. The station itself was razed in 1979, and the now stands in its place. Until the founding of Amtrak in 1971 the ran the to Cincinnati to the southwest (in prior years the train continued to New York City to the east); and the Penn Central ran the between Cincinnati and Cleveland, with Union Station serving as a major intermediate stop (the train going unnamed between 1967 and 1971).

The station was also a stop along the , the , the , the , the , the and the . Columbus is now the in the U.S. without either a local rail or intercity rail connection (Phoenix opened a system in 2008, but still lacks an connection.) However, studies are underway towards reintroducing passenger rail service to Columbus via the project.

Plans are in the works to open a high-speed rail service connecting Columbus with Cincinnati and to the proposed hub in Cleveland which offers rail service to the east, including Pittsburgh, Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, and New York City. Bicycle as transportation is steadily increasing in Columbus with its relatively flat terrain, intact urban neighborhoods, large student population, and off-road bike paths.

The city has put forth the 2012 Bicentennial Bikeways Plan as well as a move toward a Complete Streets policy. Grassroots efforts such as Bike To Work Week, Consider Biking, Yay Bikes, Third Hand Bicycle Co-op , Franklinton Cycleworks, and Cranksters, a local radio program focused on urban cycling, have contributed to cycling as transportation. Columbus also hosts "off-shots" with messenger-style "alleycat" races as well as unorganized group rides, a monthly ride, , art showings, movie nights, and a variety of businesses and events throughout the year.

All this activity occurs despite Columbus's frequently inclement weather. The new features a dedicated bike and pedestrian lane separated from traffic, as does the Rich Street Bridge. The city has its own . CoGo Bike Share system has a network of 335 bicycles and 41 docking stations (2016).

, a company based in , supplies technology and equipment. have also been introduced. Modal share The city of Columbus has a higher than average percentage of households without a car. In 2015, 9.8 percent of Columbus households lacked a car, and decreased slightly to 9.4 percent in 2016. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016.

Columbus averaged 1.55 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8. • Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. • Official records for Columbus were kept at downtown from July 1878 to December 1947, and at Port Columbus Int'l since January 1948.

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Cities Tour. A program that featured the history of and literary life in Columbus. The program aired on September 1–2, 2012.

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