Best date reading palm variety pack

best date reading palm variety pack

Worried about the nutritional value and the Shelf life of dates ?Here is a guide to buy the Best Dates. We often have a question in mind as to which dates to buy and where to buy them. This guide will tell you where to buy the good quality dates and how to identify different dates.Make sure to bookmark how to Identify real “Ajwa” date from the imitation ones.Hope you get the best of dates. So Let us start.First Let me give you a brief introduction about the dates: Different kinds of Dates -How to Identify them

best date reading palm variety pack

Date palm products. Chapter 1. d. Additional treatments - - Whilst, given the right variety and maturity, fumigated, sorted and cleaned dates, are ready to be packed, either in bulk or retail packs, in a number of cases additional treatments are given to upgrade their quality and prolong their storage life, before being packed and going to markets. These treatments, which vary according to need, are briefly discussed: i.

Maturation (curing): what has been described in former chapters on sun curing and drying of khalaal and rutab, can also be achieved by artificial heat treatment in circumstances where ripening is not completed entirely on the palm or early rains threaten to damage the crop.

In its pure form artificial maturation consists of imitating the optimum conditions for ripening on the palm.

The process requires rooms in which temperature, humidity and air ventilation can be controlled. Maturation is quite often accompanied by dehydration, i.e. removal of moisture. Optimal temperature for Deglet Noor should not exceed 35 ° C, but most other varieties will permit higher levels, though not exceeding 50 ° C.

Relative humidity also varies according to variety and the need to remove moisture or not. Because of these moderate conditions, the time required is usually rather long, a matter of days rather than hours.

Artificial maturation is therefore a delicate, time-consuming process, and very variety-specific. Taking into account also the non-stable conditions of the incoming dates from week to week and season to season, it stands to reason that artificial maturation requires much practical experience by the date packer. At this point mention should also be made of the steam treatment to Deglet Noor in North Africa to promote the enzymatic inversion of sucrose into invert sugar to render them more pliable and soft.

The treatment consists of submerging the dates in water for 8-15 hours, after which they are treated with live steam at 60 ° C for 3-7 hours in an enclosed environment. After having been left in baskets for 24 hours to "settle" the dates are heat treated for 1 hour at 70 ° C in a cabinet dryer. After cooling they are ready for packing. During the process the dates increase in moisture, become softer and obtain an attractive gloss. A U.S. company has drawn out a patent on a similar process to turn "light-coloured U.S.

grown dates into the darker, soft, chewy texture of Middle East dates". The temperature of steam treatment in this process is at 175 ° F (almost 80 ° C) (553).

These treatments could be considered a combination of maturation and hydration. ii. Dehydration: The aim of dehydration is to remove moisture artificially from the fruit without affecting its desirable qualities. It is a common process in the dried fruit industry (prunes, apricots, peaches, apples, etc.). Dehydration becomes necessary when dates contain too much moisture and will not be consumed immediately or stored under refrigeration. For instance, a desirable moisture content for Deglet Noor, acceptable to the consumer, is 23-25%, self-preserving with soft texture (478).

Dehydration can be carried out in maturation rooms or in specialized cabinets (for small quantities) and tunnel dryers for large-scale operations. In all cases the principle is the same: moving air of a certain temperature and humidity over the dates.

Moisture from the dates absorbed by the air has to be disposed of through air vents. Drying time and drying rate is a function of temperature, relative humidity and velocity of the air. For drying of soft dates 65 ° C is recommended, which will ensure a reasonable drying rate (a date by nature is rather resistant to losing moisture) without affecting the basic qualities.

Relative humidity, to avoid case-hardening and also for fuel economy, should be maintained (by recirculation of drying air) at over 40%, but should not exceed 60% (at the cold end).

Sometimes, but this is only possible in batch-wise cabinet dryers, at the final stage of drying the temperature is raised to obtain a pasteurizing and glazing effect and insect kill. The limitations of dehydration and possibilities for these combined treatments depend very much on the type of date and the desired result. Natural dark dates will suffer less from darkening caused by high temperature than the light coloured ones. A special case presented itself when deep frozen khalaal were thawn and dehydrated artificially to rutab in a tunnel dryer.

Drying temperature had to be reduced to 45 ° C to prevent frothing which occurred at higher temperatures. iii. Hydration: Dates that are considered too dry because they have been left longer than usual on the palm, or excessive dry hot weather has dried them out, can in many cases be restored to a pliable, soft fruit by hydration, i.e.

adding moisture. There are several methods of hydrating date fruit, the most simple one being the sprinkling of water on a heap of dates and leaving them in the sun under a cover of mats (139). But it may take weeks before the results are visible. Soaking in cold water and later by hot water was applied for some time but this fell out of use, mainly because of the time factor and related microbial infection problems. The most common method of hydration is with low-pressure live steam in an enclosed environment.

Apart from a much quicker uptake of moisture than soaking, steam may at least partially inactivate insects and micro-organisms and it also leaves the dates with an attractive gloss. Typical condition for Deglet Noor hydration in California is 4 to 8 hrs at 60 ° C with steam of 5 PSI (about 0.4 atm) (478) which corresponds with the example for North Africa given under heading i.

Maturation. During this treatment the dates will gain several percentage points in moisture. Another method of hydration consists of evacuating the air from sub-merged dates under vacuum. Upon release of vacuum, water (or in a modified version live steam) will penetrate the date in proportion to the vacuum applied.

This batch-wise vacuum method with its disadvantages has been ingenuously turned into a continuous operation by making use of a natural difference in pressure occurring in the two legs of a syphon, as illustrated in Figure 48. Two vessels at different heights are connected with an overhead syphon and a second pipe fitted with a centrifugal pump connecting the two tanks at bottom level.

To set the system going the two vessels are filled with water and an air suction pump fitted at the highest point of the syphon will suck water into both legs until the water from the shorter leg will overflow into the longer leg and syphon action is established. At this point the in-line centrifugal pump in the bottom pipe is switched on to recirculate the water from the lower to the higher tank. Dates fed into the upper tank will be carried along with the water stream and subjected to a slight under pressure in the shorter leg, just enough to draw some air from the inside of the date to be replaced by water when the pressure returns to normal (in the longer leg).

Dates are separated in the lower vessel by a continuous chain elevator. Figure 48: Continuous Hydration of Dates iv. Glazing: A short high temperature treatment, quite often at the end of hydration, with vigorous air movement will make the wax on the date surface melt and upon cooling reset in an attractive gloss. 5 minutes at 130 ° -140 ° C is recommended for Deglet Noor (467), whilst for Zahdi dates also a satisfactory lustre was produced at 130 ° C for 5 min.

(329). Steam treatment for 10 min. also gave acceptable results (437). This gloss will eventually disappear, especially during storage exposed to air, but normally will last sufficiently for the expected marketing period. In conclusion of these additional treatments (i to iv) which are all based on the manipulation of temperature and moisture content, and incorporating heat treatments for enzyme inactivation and microbial and insect control, dealt with under b: "Storage", it is felt useful to review the time/temperature relationships for the different operations in a diagram (Fig.

49). It is evident that the application of heat has a promotional effect asfor instance in maturation, hydration, moisture removal and glazing whilst in others it is applied to prevent, such as in enzyme inactivation, insect control and pasteurization.

In all cases, restricted by the degree of the susceptibility of the date to heat, care should be taken to depress undesirable side effects from heat treatment. This will not always be possible and a compromise will have to be sought. Figure 49: Effects of Temperature Manipulation in the Storage and Treatment of Dates v. Coating: Apart from glazing, which makes use of the naturally available wax on the date surface, several materials have been used to improve the appearance of the date by giving it more lustre and protection and reduce stickiness when it concerns soft dates.

Some examples are: a 37 ° Bx date liquid sugar solution, starch derivatives, sodium alginate and commercial pectin proved excellent coating and glazing agents, especially when dates were kept in cool storage (329). A British patent (52) refers to coating dates in a fluidized bed of heated air with a mixture of partially acetylated monoglycerides from hydrated cottonseed oil. After cooling the coat is reportedly impermeable to bacteria and prevents moisture loss upon storage.

Literature makes further mention of the use of sugar syrup, mineral oil, glycerine (139), 6% cold-water soluble starch, and 3% methylcellulose (527).

Whatever the merits of the above materials, the present trend in date coating is to "stay natural" and not to add foreign materials to the product that may be frowned upon by the law and by the consumer. vi. Pitting: The traditional, and by no means abandoned, method of removing the pit from the date is by hand, mostly with the use of a knife cutting open one side of the fruit, removing the pit and folding the two sides of the date together to make the cut almost invisible (Iraq).

If done properly this method also provides an opportunity to check on insect infestation. In Iran field pitting is done in certain areas with a blunt needle piercing the pit out end-wise. This method can be considered the manual forerunner of the mechanical date pitters that have been devised. As can be expected hand pitting is rather slow and yield per hour does not normally exceed 5 kg (139, 363).

Pitted dates pressed into blocks and sliced create an attractive marbled product (Fig. 50). Figure 50: Slice of Pitted, Pressed Dates For soft dates the pit can be squeezed out between the fingers at the same time removing the skin.

This is done for the preparation of agwa, a soft date paste preserved in jars (a.o. in Egypt) (139). This principle of removing the pit could be compared to mechanical date maceration, by which the pits are removed but the date loses its identity and is produced as a coarse date pulp.

The working principles of both mechanical date pitters are as follows: in the whole date pitter incoming dates are lined up vertically in cups, by a special feeder. The cups are tightened around the date to hold them in position and move them intermittently along an endless belt (90-130 strokes per minute) up to the pitting head. Here pins will descend and pierce out the pits end-wise.

The pits drop underneath the belt and are collected whilst the cups with pitted dates move on. The grip on the date is released and the conveyor turns down at which point the pitted fruit drops out of the cups and is collected. Because most dates and their pits are longitudinal in shape, the vertical alignment in the cups is of utmost importance. Preferably dates should be graded for size and correlated to the cup size.

Output of these machines is in the order of 250-400 kgs/hr. (38, 160, 580). The date macerator works on the principle of feeding dates between two almost touching rollers turning in opposite directions. One roller is covered with a thick layer of rubber of a determined density, the other consists of notched steel disks separated by washers about 2 cm smaller in diameter and 0.5 cm wide. When dates are fed between the rollers they are squashed, where the two rollers touch and the flesh penetrates in the slits between the notched disks but the pits, being too big for these, are momentarily pushed in the rubber.

Whilst the pit will almost immediately again be pushed out of the rubber the date flesh will rotate along the toothed roller until being removed by scrapers positioned after about half a turn of the roller. Both flesh and pits are collected in separate chutes. The operation will now be repeated with two rollers with all dimensions reduced with the aim of removing the calyces.

The machine can give good results, up to 1,000 kg/hr, provided dates are used of the right moisture content, which if necessary should be obtained by artificial means prior to maceration. The resulting macerated dates are a starting point for the manufacture of date products (see Chapter 2).

e. Packing whole dates: Loose tamr is frequently sold in the markets, not only in date producing countries, but they are also still commonly found on the stalls of the weekly open- air markets around the Mediterranean and Northern Europe (Fig. 51). Here they are part of the dried fruits and nuts assortment such as apricots, prunes, carob, peanuts, almonds etc. The type of container and packaging material used for tamr in the national and international date trade is varied and can be subdivided in: - traditional bulk packs - export bulk packs - retail packs Bulk packs for dates have been traditionally jute bags for the harder types and baskets woven of palm leaflets or tins in which the softer types of dates are pressed.

Both types are still in use, the basket specificially for export of lower quality dates as popular food or for industrial use. Bags, amongst other means, are used for the transport and sale of khalaal matbuukh.

Dates are sold straight from the baskets or bags in the local markets. The process of pressing dates has at least partially been mechanized by the introduction of semi-automatic presses, which however require a standard size basket or tin. In North Africa the traditional bulk pack for transport and bulk sales is a wooden box holding 20 to 30 kgs of side in layers is seldomly found anymore (Fig.

52). Figure 51: Loose Tamr on Sale in Open Air Market ({a} Bahrain, {b} Libya, {c} Netherlands) Figure 52: Hand Picked Bulk Box of Layered Dates The standard size bulk case of 70 lbs for the specialized export trade from the Gulf area to the USA and to Europe which amounted to thousands of tons at one time, has been in use for a long time.

The prepared sides, bottoms and covers for the boxes had to be imported from European countries to be reassembled on the spot.

Later developments have seen also the use of carton boxes, with or without inner plastic bags for extra protection. Filling and pressing of wooden and carton boxes has been fully mechanized, usually in two stages, that is, approximately half the amount of dates are filled automatically and compressed by a plunger, after which the second half is added to be compressed by a second plunger in the continuous production line. Later sizes adopted for the export trade have been boxes of 45 lbs unpitted, and 50 lbs pitted select quality dates for repacking (-use) in the country of destination and 55 lbs good average quality (GAQ) dates for use in the baking, sauce, pickle and confectionery industries.

By far the most variety of packing style, size and materials developed over the last century is in the packs intended for retail sales. Perhaps part of the inspiration for this diversification was obtained from a study in the U.S. (437) which clearly showed that the more variety was put into the presentation of the product, the more volume was sold. A few historical lines in retail packing can be traced which persist up to today. The most well-known confection for North African dates, principally Deglet Noor, has been the glove box ("boîte à gants"), originally totally made of wood strips, in which the dates are packed in fish bone arrangement along a central piece of spikelet.

Contents ranged from 200 to 250 g. Making and handfilling of the pack is costly, and the wood material has now been replaced by carton or plastic, but the form persists (Fig.

53). Deglet Noor, probably following the trend of consumer preference for natural products, are also marketed whilst still attached to the spikelets as they come off the palm, mostly in cellophane bags or window carton (Fig.

54). In the Near East much use is made of polythene bags (Fig. 55) and cellophane for pressed dates (Fig. 56). Small moulds with a sheet of cellophane and label underneath are filled in layers with a weighed quantity of dates, after which with a weight or by a simple lever press the lined-up dates are compressed in the mould.

The mould is removed and the cellophane is wrapped around the block and heat sealed. This type of pack, usually ranging from 100 g up to 1 kg in size and used for soft dates, has the advantage of additional keepability because of the pressing and tight fit of the cellophane which keeps the original appearance and gloss for a longer period. On the other hand, to the consumer the tightly pressed dates may be less appetizing.

For loose dates the closed window carton and transparent plastic cup are popular, because filling is quicker and for the latter two the product can be seen (Fig. 57). Figure 53: Glove Boxes Figure 54: Natural Dates on Spikelets Figure 55: Dates Packed in Polythene Bags A B Figure 56: Manual Packing of Cellophane Wrapped Pressed Date Blocks (a.

Libya, b. Iraq, c. Bahrain) A B C D Figure 57: Closed Carton, Window Carton and Transparent Plastic Cups for Loose Dates (a. Libya, b.

Italy, c. Iraq, d. Nethelrands) In California dates are packed in cellophane bags, overwrapped trays, plastic cups, fibreboard cans, all-metal cans (478) in sizes varying from 8 ounces (about 250 g.) to 3 lbs. (about 1 and a third kgs) (Fig. 58). The dates for bulk trade are packed in 15 lbs (6 3/4 kg) reinforced cartons or wooden boxes. For longrange transport, also overseas, they are usually pallatized. For softer types, flatter cartons of 10 lbs are used.

Figure 58: Variety of Date Packs Sold in Roadside Date Products Store (California, 1981) Vacuum packed dates, either in bags (Iraq) (Fig.

59) (289) or in cans (US) has met with some success but has not taken the market in any appreciable way. Trays overwrapped with stretch cellophane, gives a very attractive appearance and has been successfully applied to frozen khalaal (Bahrain) (Fig.

32) and is also found in use for tamr (Fig. 60). Figure 59: Vacuum Packaging of Dates Figure 60: Trays Wrapped in Stretch Poli Whatever small packs have been designed, tried and sometimes failed, one of the major problems has been the cost of the packing operation itself.

The date as a fruit, even in a dry form, does not lend itself well to mechanical packing in small packs, though some semi-automatic bag fillers are in operation (Fig. 61). However, progress has been made and there are now several machines on the market that will fill and seal small packages of dates, of 100, 125, 200 and 250 g at the rate of 360 to 900 kgs/hr (290, 580) (Fig.

62). A further sampling of the great variety of date packs found in various markets is represented in Figure 63. Figure 61: Semi-automatic Bag Filling (Iraq) Figure 62: Mechanically Filled Small Packs of Loose Dates (Saudi Arabia) Figure 63: Samples of Date Packs - -

best date reading palm variety pack

best date reading palm variety pack - Date Palm Developments Product

best date reading palm variety pack

Phone: (619) 291-4605 Fax: (619) 574-1595 Email: Delivery is available! All major credit cards accepted Date Palms - The True Date Palm and other Species of Phoenix Palms by Phil Bergman DATE PALMS (ALSO KNOWN AS PHOENIX PALMS) Covered in this Article: DEFINITION OF A "DATE PALM" DESCRIPTIONS OF THE MAIN PHOENIX SPECIES CHARACTERISTICS OF EACH SPECIES CULTURE OF PHOENIX SPECIES FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT DATE PALMS Introduction " What is a Date Palm?" Date Palms are a very historically important type of palm tree because they are a source of food that has supplied nutrition to millions of people over thousands of years.

But, before we can really talk about “Date Palm Trees”, we must first decide what we are talking about. When you talk to a taxonomist or palm enthusiast and say “Date Palm”, he will automatically think of the true Date Palm, Phoenix dactylifera.

This is the species that makes the date fruit that is so commonly eaten. But, when you talk to the average person, “Date Palm” may mean any palm in the group or in fact, any palm at all. Some use the term "Date Palm" and "Palm Tree" synonymously. When we talk about the Date Palm, we are discussing the group of palms known as Phoenix palms.

This genus would include everything from the true Date Palm, Phoenix dactylifera, to the Canary Island Date Palm, Phoenix canariensis. Many have heard of the Pygmy Date Palm. It is in this genus Phoenix as well. But, only one plant, the true Date Palm, gives fruit that is edible and marketable.

Phoenix dactylifera, the true Date Palm. Crown of the true Date Palm from below. The Genus Phoenix and Its Characteristics As a group, there are about 13 different species of Phoenix.

All are members of the Date Palm group. Their natural distribution ranges from the Canary Islands across northern and southern Africa into the Middle East, far south Europe, and Asia.

Plant size ranges from small to massively tall. Some are single trunk and others are clumped (suckering) with more than one stem. All are pinnate or feather type palms. In most areas, Phoenix live in rather arid conditions while a few species tolerate much more humid environments. All trees are pinnate and all share a few interesting characteristics. The petioles are armed with spines. These spines are actually a modified leaflet, typical of this genus.

In Phoenix canariensis these spines can reach a length up to a foot long and can be dangerous to the eyes and skin. The Pygmy Date Palm has smaller spines, typically three to five inches long, but equally as dangerous to the eyes.

Another characteristic of this genus are that the leaves are “induplicate”. This means that, in cross section, the leaves a “V-shaped” upward, i.e. they would hold water in this V-shape. Reduplicate leaves are V shaped downward and much more common in the palm world. You can remember this by the reminder that, with induplicate leaflets, the water "goes in the leaflet". Induplicate leaf, typical of all Phoenix Spines on a removed Phoenix reclinata leaf, juvenile Another interesting characteristic of Phoenix is that all species in this genus are dioecious.

This means that any given plant is either a male or a female. One cannot make viable seeds (or fruit) without a male and a female. Non-pollinated female blossoms will abort and fall to the ground without ever making fruit. Pollen from the males is typically distributed by either wind or insects to the females. In date groves, this may be done manually by workers. Date Palm seeds are formed in large dependent clusters and the fruit is initially green, turning to yellow/red, and finally to a tan/brown or black color.

The fruit or pulp layer of the true Date Palm is much thicker than this layer in other species of Phoenix. It is sweet and quite rich in sugar. It is because of this thick fruit layer that the Phoenix dactylifera is the only species grown for consumption of the fruit as a food crop.

Female Phoenix dactylifera with immature fruits Male blossom, Phoenix dactylifera As with other dioecious genera of palms, hybridization can occur. This seems to be of particular importance with Phoenix. In habitat locations there is usually very little hybridization.

This is because, in an given natural habitat, there is typically only one species of this genus. In other words, there is no other Phoenix species to hybridize with. But in domestic conditions, such as in a botanical garden or a private garden with many Phoenix species, hybridization is quite common. This has led to variation in the appearance of Phoenix nursery stock as seeds are often obtained domestically where hybridization has occurred.

Consequently, we see Pygmy Date and Senegal Date Palms that are not true in their appearance or form. They look a bit different than one would see in habitat. Even more dramatic is when we see a single trunk species that should only have one stem and suddenly starts to sucker with many stems. This is the hybridization at work.

If you begin to carefully look at all the Pygmy Date Palms around, you'll start to see this variation in trunk size, crown size, and appearance of the leaves. This is all the work of hybridization. Phoenix as a group are very promiscuous. Culture and Growth of Phoenix Of the thirteen species of Phoenix, four species are single trunk and the rest form suckering groups of stems.

Some trunks, such as the Phoenix canariensis, are massively thick and tall, sometimes to over 60 feet of trunk. Other species such as Phoenix acualis are trunk less and look like leaves coming from one point in the ground. Clumps of Phoenix reclinata can get quite large over time. It is important with Phoenix that you know what species you are growing and give them adequate room for their eventual size.

If space is limited, consider Phoenix roebellenii, which is a much smaller species and seldom gets over 10 feet of trunk. Phoenix canariensis used as a commercial grouping Phoenix dactylifera used in large numbers in a shopping center Most Phoenix species tolerate heat quite well and therefore do well in hot, desert areas. It is not unusual to see large Phoenix canariensis in full sun in places such as Palm Springs, Las Vegas and Phoenix.

Date Palm groves are found in inland, hot desert areas of California and this species thrives in the Middle East. Other species may need a bit of sun protection if you live in a desert area. Regarding cold tolerance, as a group Phoenix are reasonably cold hardy. Phoenix canariensis, sylvestris, dactylifera and theophrastii have been known to tolerate cold temperatures into the teens Fahrenheit. Although Phoenix would not be considered among the most cold hardy of palms, most species do quite well planted domestically in Southern California.

Most types of Phoenix would be considered to have a slow to medium rate of growth. From a small plant, it typically takes ten years or more to get a fruiting true Date Palm Tree. Removal and establishment of larger suckers from mature plants can speed up the time to fruiting.

When one sees a Canary Island Palm with twenty or thirty feet of trunk, one can assume that plant to be several decades old. And, because large Canaries are quite popular as a garden specimen, they are often dug from one location and replanted in another location. Most species will transplant well, but a large root ball and expertise with moving is required. Typically cranes are used to move large specimens.

Both of the photos above show Phoenix canariensis that have been dug and planted in an upscale shopping center, either as a group or single Popularity of the types of large sized Phoenix has changed over the years. Favorites seem to change with the wind. They are utilized because they are large, stately, and make a major architectural statement. In my thirty years as a nurseryman, originally the Canary Island palm was most sought after. Subsequently the Senegal Date Palm seemed to be the rage.

In more recent times, the true Date Palm has become popular, probably because it is a bit more affordable. The latter is the result of urban sprawl and conversion of existing Date groves into homes and communities.

These grove specimens are dug and planted into landscape areas. Overall, however, of all the larger species, Phoenix canariensis still reigns as the king in popularity. Most Phoenix species tolerate some degree of drought. It is not unusual to see a specimen in a vacant lot where it is only living on rain water.

It is true that domestic irrigation will lead to more rapid growth, but water restriction typically does not cause death of the tree. DIFFERENT SPECIES OF PHOENIX, THE DATE PALMS Phoenix canariensis , the Canary Island Palm: As mentioned above, Phoenix have a very diverse appearance from small to large.

The most classical Phoenix species is Phoenix Canariensis , known as the Canary Island Date Palm. It is the largest of the Date Palm family and gets trunks up to 60 feet tall and sometimes as thick as 3 feet. Its trunk is slightly rough but not "knobby" like the Phoenix dactylifera . The crown is full with many long pinnate leaves, sometimes to 15 feet or longer.

The proximal leaflets on this and other species have modified to form sharp, long spines. These are dangerous and quite vicious. Viewed in cross-section, the Canary leaves are rather flat and not as plumose as a P.

dactylifera or sylvestris , and are a dark green compared to the gray-green of the dactylifera. Fruits are small (1 cm) and yellow when mature. This species is native to the Canary Islands, a group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean southwest of Spain near the African continent. It is a favorite ornamental palm and planted worldwide.

It needs room for growth and should not be planted too closely to a structure or home. Because of it's slow growth, larger specimens are often purchased for resale to other locations. A popular size for resale is ten feet of trunk so that the canopy is overhead.

Smaller, bushy Canaries are quite unapproachable until they have trunked. Phoenix canariensis at Balboa Park, San Diego Another Canary Palm at a home A unique planting of 3 Phoenix canariensis together A major problem with this species is a fungal disease called Fusarium Wilt. This is transmitted by pruning equipment, climbing spikes or saws. It causes a progressive death of the lower leaves, often on one side, progressing up the crown and eventually killing the tree.

Because it is transmitted by pruning equipment (and arborists), it is not uncommon to see several trees all infected in the same location at the same time.

Equipment introduced and passed the disease to each tree. To my knowledge there is no universally effective treatment for this disease and infected plants usually have to be sacrificed. This is devastating for owners and anyone with large Canary Palms should invest in their own pruning equipment that should only be used on their trees.

One can imagine that "cleansing" chain saws is nearly impossible. Update 2017: It is presently felt for sure that other things transfer Fusarium Wilt and that this perhaps includes wind, birds and insects.

Specimen (right) in decline, probably from Fusarium The Canary in the front is dead from Fusarium About twenty years ago and because of a pruning technique on the lower leaf bases, the term "Pineapple Palm" began emerging.

Such pruning causes a bulge or expansion of the trunk immediately below the crown of leaves. This is a man made appearance and disappears if the pruning is not redone at regular intervals. If one enjoys this appearance and wants to maintain it, consider purchasing pruning equipment and chainsaws for your tree. Some homeowners will even prune juvenile Canaries in such a manner. Be aware that now, in 2014, there is speculation that wind dispersion or insects may play a role in transferring this disease.

This photo shows the technique of "pineapple pruning" on a large Canary Island Palm. This is another view of the same palm Here it has been done to a juvenile Canary Palm Phoenix canariensis is quite cold hardy, perhaps down to about 15 or 16 degrees Fahrenheit. It is not unusual to see specimen plants in cooler areas like Southern Europe or Northern California. The fruit of this species is edible by report, but because it is quite thin and sparse, it is not nearly as sought after as the fruit of the Date Palm, Phoenix dactylifera.

A close up view of the crown of Phoenix Canariensis crown A close up picture of the trunk of Phoenix canariensis A juvenile P. canariensis, too small to walk below Phoenix dactylifera , the True Date Palm From a historical and resource point of view, this is the most common and popular of the Date Palm family. This is because mature trees produce fruit which is high in sugar and eaten by millions of people. There is evidence that this fruit has been consumed for many thousands of years.

The exact area of origin of this species is unknown, but felt to be in the Persian area or northern Africa. The medjool variety of Phoenix dactylifera is one of the more popular varieties because of its soft, supple fruit. Date growers will propagate a grove from what is selected as the finest cultivars of a given variety to optimize the quality of their fruit.

Remember that one must have a female plant to produce the fruit and males must pollinate the blossoms of the females. One tree can produce up to 200 pounds of dates during a growing season. Date grower often get municipal laws to prevent the introduction of other species of Phoenix into their growing area so that hybridization with such species and deterioration of their date crop does not occur.

This protects their crop of palm dates. Multiple Date Palms in a row A close-up of the knobby trunk of Phoenix dactylifera Close-up of the petioles of the Date Palm; note yellow color Phoenix dactylifera are typically seen as a single trunk tree, but many specimens are suckering with multiple stems.

The additional stems are often removed for easier access to the main trunk for picking fruit. The trunks are shorter than the Canary Palm and typically about 30 to 40 feet. Many times the trunks take on a "knobby" appearance from tissue from the old, removed leaves bases after pruning (see photo above). The crowns of leaves are smaller than a Canary and more of a gray-green or sometimes blue color. This blue color to the leaves is even more apparent in hot, dry climates. Leaves are armed with spines and fruit-bearing typically takes about 10 years.

Phoenix dactylifera, solitary specimen Mature female Phoenix dactylifera, loaded with fruit Date Palm showing suckering tendency This species is equally as cold hardy and drought tolerant as the Canary Palm, but does better than the Canary with dry, inland desert heat.

Trees are also susceptible to Fusarium (above). In more recent years, this species has gained in popularity because of the availability of dug trees from sold-off date groves (see photos above). Phoenix roebellenii , the Pygmy Date Palm The Pygmy Date palm has been popular for many years because of it's ease of growth and small stature. Its origins come from Asia and more specifically Southern China. Laos and Vietnam. Of note and in contrast to the species above, the Pygmy dates come from more humid areas and this species natively often grows along river beds.

Another interesting fact is that natively this species is often a suckering species with thinner trunks and sparse crowns. Domestically grown, the plants are typically single trunk with fuller crowns.

It is possible to find both single trunk and suckering varieties at specialty nurseries. But, the point should be made that commercial plants are often planted as "multiples". This means that several single trunk plants are put into one pot. This is opposed to the true, suckering plant seen in habitat.

It is speculated that the suckering ability of this "species" was lost somewhere along the time during commercial production of the species. Phoenix roebelenii, single, in a garden Phoenix roebelenii, a triple, in a garden area A single trunk specimen, fairly old, in the nursery Trunks of Phoenix roebellenii in domestic plantings are typically under ten feet and about 3 to 5 inches thick. This means that a very old specimen will not typically be above 12 feet in height.

Multiple specimens will often show the "stair step" appearance with a dominant plant and shorter companions adjacent to the main trunk. With age, trunks have lots of fiber, matting and hair. This can be pruned clean to give a somewhat flaring, knobby trunk (see below). The crowns of leaves are typically full and soft appearing. Like other Phoenix species, leaves do have spines and this species should not be planted close to walkways and stairwells. In coastal areas plants demand full sun and "shading out" of a specimen can result in decline or death to the plant.

Although not the easiest plant for indoor growing, it can be done if adequate direct light is given. Two photos below of nursery plants show (at an early age) the difference between two individual specimens being planted in a container and the true suckering nature of some Pygmy Date Palms. To the untrained eye it might be difficult to distinguish, but suckers actual begin and emanate from he mother trunk. Two individual Pygmy Dates planted in one pot. This is not true suckering.

This is a sucker off the main stem. Compare it to the plants in the photo to the left. Note the "knobby" trunk from cleaning the trunk on this Pigmy Date Palm.

Most Phoenix species prefer full sun. Phoenix roebellenii (in most areas) is no exception to this rule. Plants placed in shaded out areas under-perform. Ideally, it should be given at least half day sun. Thus, planting them on the north side of a home in shade may result in poor performance or demise.

Some sun protection may be needed in hot desert areas. Plants are a bit drought tolerant, but not as much as many of the other species of Phoenix. Cold tolerance is into the low twenties F. As this is less than many other Phoenix species, one can see this species is not the optimal choice for colder areas.

Unfortunately, home improvement centers push them to customers in colder areas who probably should try something else. Pygmy Date palms can be dug and moved, but don't be fooled by their smaller size.

If you do plan on digging one, get a very large root ball. All too many people have lost their plant because they thought a "little plant" only needs a little root ball.

Phoenix rupicola, the Cliff Date Palm This is a solitary trunking species that comes from India and adjacent areas at rather high elevations and often on hillsides or slopes of mountains, thus giving it the name of "Cliff Date Palm".

It resemble the Canary Island Palm but is smaller, has a thinner trunk and a much softer and more graceful appearing crown. Trunks are typically about a foot in diameter and only get to about 25 feet. The leaves are quite flat and in a single plane and about ten feet in length. The spines are less vicious than the Canary and the leaf color is more of an emerald green. Because of the droopy characteristic of the leaf, it is often felt to be more exotic appearing than the Canary Palm.

This species might be an ideal choice for someone who likes the statement of a Canary Island Palm but doesn't have the room for it.

This species is definitely a beautiful palm, but it doesn't have the cold hardiness of the canariensis or dactylifera . Estimates are that it will tolerate temperatures in the mid-twenties F, but not low 20's. It is argued that this is the most beautiful of the solitary Date Palms with its graceful and soft crown. It prefers full sun in coastal areas and, because of its size, is not an ideal palm for interior growing.

Phoenix rupicola at Balboa Park, San Diego Phoenix rupicola crown of leave Another example of the Cliff Date Palm Phoenix reclinata , the Senegal Date Palm This suckering species has multiple stems and is a medium to sometimes large palm native to central and southern Africa, Madagascar and the Comoro Islands.

I mention above that it is "sometimes large" because heights of this species are variable but have been known to reach 50 feet. The term "reclinata" is felt to refer to the "reclining" nature of the outer stems as they move away from the clump and then upwards.

Stems are 4 to 8 inches in thickness and covered with fibers and hairs. This species freely suckers so pruning and elimination of trunks is often necessary to give it a graceful appearance. Left unchecked, clumps can become overwhelming with as many as fifty trunks. Because of this, this species would be considered a high maintenance species, especially during its earlier years. Classical plants from habitat often have a very flat (one plane) leaf, but commercial cultivars are often plumose and "spiky".

Mature specimens demonstrate one of the nicest characteristics of the species: taller trunks gracefully leaning away from the midline and silhouetting themselves against the blue of the sky.

These trunks therefore may show a gentle curve as they head upwards, somewhat reminiscent of a Coconut. They can be quite beautiful if stems are artistically eliminated to give variable heights to the trunks and crowns and can be very dramatic in an open lawn setting or against a tall building. This species wants to be planted in full sun. It should be given ample room and can tolerate temperatures into the low twenties F.

Phoenix reclinata, an old specimen in San Diego Another smaller specimen in Balboa Park, San Diego A nice P. reclinata in a domestic planting Phoenix sylvestris , the Toddy Palm or Wild Date Palm This species is from southern Pakistan and India. It resembles a Phoenix canariensis but the trunk is not as thick. It carries many leaves and the overall crown shape is somewhat smaller and more "rounded" than the Phoenix canariensis .

It is known as the "Silver Date Palm", the "Toddy Palm", and the "Wild Date Palm". The trunk does get to about 40 to 50 feet and often will show old retained leaf bases giving it a patterned appearance of the trunk. Different from the Canary Island Palm, this species has multiple ranks of leaflets on the leaves (not flat in profile) and may appear somewhat "fluffy".

For some people, Phoenix sylvestris may seem to be an alternative to the Canary Island Palm. But, it is not as cold hardy as the Canary. It also has a different color to the leaves and a thinner trunk. I'd estimate this species will tolerate temperatures into the low 20's F, perhaps upper teens. It does tolerate hot conditions and is a good grower. Like other species, it is extremely spiny and care must be used when pruning this species.

P hoenix sylvestris along a street planting A specimen in a botanical garden Phoenix theophrastii, Cretan Date Palm Phoenix theophrastii is a Phoenix species with a very limited area of distribution, native to Southern Greece and the Island of Crete and perhaps some surrounding areas.

It is a suckering species that gets to over 40 feet height. It has rather thin trunks and is very spiny with prickly leaves. Some feel it might be related to the true Date Palm.

It's crowns of leaves are smaller than the P. dactylifera and it suckers more than the Date Palm. Different than P. dactylifera, this species fruit is not sweet or particularly edible.

It does have a somewhat gray color to the crown. Specimens look very thick and impenetrable when smaller but with time will show some taller stems. Phoenix theophrastii, showing how prickly and thick a plant is at this stage Phoenix acaulis , the Dwarf Date Palm Phoenix acualis is a unique species in that it is basically "trunkless". It is for this reason that it is known as the Dwarf Date Palm. It is native to northern India and Nepal. It is a small palm and single trunked.

However, like other Phoenix , it is spiny. Trunks apparently are subterranean and roots seek out water as this species is often found in very arid areas. Fruits and blossoms are often seen at ground level. Overall the plant is a rather small plant with gray-green leaves. Because of its small size, it may do well among succulents or in a xerophytic garden.

Phoeni8x acualis, a 12 year old plant at the nursery A close-up of the same plant Phoenix loureiri and other rare species Phoenix loureiri is from India and other Asian countries and is typically a single trunk plant but can be seen to sucker. It is a smaller species with trunks seldom over 15 feet and about a foot in diameter. They are an alternative to the much larger Phoenix canariensis and have somewhat plumose leaves.

The leaf color is green to gray-green. There is felt to be a variety of P. loureiri known as " humilus". It can tolerate full sun or partial sun and has some degree of cold hardiness. Phoenix loureiri in a botanical garden There are several other unusual species of Phoenix, but it is beyond the purpose of this article to cover these species.

Let it be said that they are all spiny, single or trunking, and many have ornamental value. Phoenix Hybrids It is quite common for nurserymen and plant enthusiasts to make intrageneric hybrids (crosses within a genus).

We have seen a lot of such crosses in orchids, bromeliads and various types of palms. But, with Phoenix, hybridization occurs without man's effort and only requires mere proximity of different species. In general, Phoenix set seeds quite easily. In habitat, this ability is probably prosurvival. But, in habitat, there are not typically multiple different species of Phoenix side by side or in the same area.

So, in the wild, the species procreates, stays pure and lives on. In a domestic setting this is usually not the case. One must assume that seeds from any given plant in a domestic area are hybrids unless ones has pollinated the male blossom with pure pollen or there are no other species around.

This is true regardless of the species of female Phoenix. As nurserymen will often opt for cheaper domestically provided seeds of "impure" heritage, there is a multitude of "different" looking " Phoenix being sold and grown throughout the world. I am not implying that this is a bad thing. It just makes it a guessing game as to the identify or parentage of any given domestic Phoenix that one might see.

And, the more one looks, the more one sees evidence for this natural process of hybridization. One might see a "Canary" with an remarkably thin trunk.

Or, a Pygmy Date with a husky trunk and very long, stiff leaves. In fact, I've seen almost every combination of Phoenix characteristics imaginable..

The important thing is to just recognize this fact and rest assured that calling a different looking plant a "hybrid" may in fact be the correct answer. Below is an example of a plant that appears to be a Phoenix canariensis. The crown appears to be a normal Canary Island Date Palm. But, the trunk is quite narrow, about 12 inches thick. This would be very unusual for a Canary. Also, it is quite smooth compared to a typical Canary. Could it be a P.

rupicola? My guess is that it's a hybrid. I mentioned previously how Phoenix reclinata in its natural form has a very flat leaf, single plane more or less. The picture below shows an example of this natural form of reclinata. Compare the picture above to the more typically seen plumose (multi-ranked leaflets) " Phoenix reclinata" below.

Note how the leaflets come off the petiole at multiple angles. This is the result of hybridization. Below is an example of the Phoenix roebelenii from domestically produced seeds. Note there is a sucker emanating from the base of the mother trunk. This is also the result of hybridization in the domestic environment. The more one looks, the more unusual combinations of morphology one will find.

Phoenix hybridize like crazy. . FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ'S) ABOUT THE DATE PALMS Will my Date Palm make edible dates? Basically, one must have the true Phoenix dactylifera to get dates, and one must have a female.

And, there must be a male in the area of your female. There are various varieties of the Date Palm with differences in the quality of the fruit. Can I cut suckers off my Date Palm to make it a single trunk specimen? The answer is yes, and this is commonly done in commercial groves of Date Palms.

This is often done just above the soil line. How long does it take to get edible dates? A Phoenix dactylifera has to be a female and of fruiting size. Typically such a plant has trunk well overhead. This will take a minimum of ten years, usually longer. And, you must have a pure male Date Palm nearby to pollinate it. A female with no male in the area will not produce edible dates. And, hybridization with other Dates such as the Pygmy Palm or the Canary Palm will give un-edible dates.

How do I get a large Canary Island Palm for my yard? If resources permit it, most buy an existing large P. canariensis from someone who transplants large specimen palms. This means the broker buys one from someone, already large, and digs it up and moves it to your yard. Because this requires a lot of effort, time, crane expenses, and risk, purchasing such a plant is usually expensive.

One can, of course, buy a containerized smaller tree and be patient. What is the best size to buy if I get a large Canary Island Palm? This varies, individual to individual, but most people want one that is overhead. For practical reasons, this keeps the sharp spines well above you head if you walk below it. For this reason, plants with a trunk of about ten feet are the most popular. Realize that, in time, you ten-footer will get much taller. I've seen old specimens with more than forty feet of trunk.

If resources are limited, plant a smaller containerized plant and be patient. In time, it too will get overhead and majestic appearing. Should I use my own pruning equipment for removing old leaves on my Phoenix?

The answer is yes! Fusarium is a disease that Phoenix are very susceptible to. It is typically transmitted by pruning equipment, shears, shoe spikes, etc. If a trimmer uses equipment that is reserved only for your plants, it won't transmit the disease. This includes chain saws. I feel it is almost impossible to totally sterilize a chain saw, no matter what anyone tells you. It is all too common to hear of a dying Canary that was pruned six month ago. Although Fusarium infections are most common with Canary Island Palms, there are reports of its transmission to several other Phoenix species.

It is definitely advisable to have a professional pruner use your equipment when he works on your plants. If this is not possible, demand that the tree trimmer very thoroughly sterilizes his equipment. What can I do to avoid all the dropping fruit from my Date Palm (or other Phoenix).

There is no chemical or drug that prevents fruiting on your Phoenix. If you get a male, there will be no fruit but you will still have falling blossoms. The best thing to do is cut off the blossoms when they are young. It does not hurt the tree and lets you avoid fruit that will form later. Can I sell my large Canary Island Date Palm? The answer is yes, if it is accessible and not too large. It must be disease free and a good looking tree. Very large palms have a very limited purchasing market.

Even if yours is the perfect size, realize that you won't get rich selling it and the usual price paid for a ten foot Canary is under $1000. More profit will be made by the buying professional, but it's nearly impossible to avoid this. If interested, read our article "I want to sell my large palm tree" at this site.

This article points out the drop in value of Canary Palms because of disease problems and risk to the digger. A spine punctured through my skin and is painful. What should I do? Such an injury always requires a medical evaluation because the spine can break off under the skin and lead to various complications and infection. If you suffer such an injury, immediate seek medical attention. Always use eye protection if working around a Phoenix Palm. My Canary Island Palm has Fusarium.

What can I do? Unfortunately, this is usually a fatal infection and your plant will probably die. You could hire a plant pathologist to advise you, but don't be overly optimistic that the plant will survive.

(see pruning precautions above). Make sure you don't transfer the infection to other adjacent Phoenix plants. Can I dig up and move my Pygmy Date Palm? Even though large Phoenix are commonly dug and survive, the Phoenix roebellenii is a bit of a challenge. Because of its small size, people think all that is needed is a small root ball. This is not true and many smaller Pygmies that are dug die slowly over the next month or two.

To succeed you must obtain a very large root ball and be careful to avoid tearing the roots. Will rooting into the ground on my containerized Phoenix palm hurt the plant?

Phoenix palms in containers are particularly vulnerable to shock when they have rooted into the ground and then are moved, tearing the roots that have worked their way into the soil. Within a few weeks, one typically sees the new spear and leaves that are opening turn brown.

They look dry, brown and dead. It always affects the newest leaves the most. If one is transplanting a Phoenix or just purchased one, always look at the new spear and the newest leaves for signs of shock or injury. And, if the plant recovers, you will see the new spear turn green and healthy looking. Can I plant my Pygmy Date Palm right next to the walkway?

The answer to this question is fairly obvious: the answer is no for health and safety reasons. Eye punctures by spines are something one wants to avoid. My Phoenix Palm doesn't look like any of the photos. What do I have? As mentioned above, Phoenix are very promiscuous and hybridize quite easily.

For this reason, one frequently sees palms that are "in-betweeners" and don't appear to be a definite species. In an area like Tampa or Miami, it is sometimes more common to see hybrids than it is to see pure species. This is why plants grown from wild collected seeds (little chance of hybridization) are sought out by specialty palm nurserymen.

Can I grow my Phoenix Palm inside the house? Phoenix species are a poor choice for interior growing. Unfortunately, because common species such as the Pygmy Date Palm are so readily available in the home improvement centers, people think they must grow well inside the house.

The fact is they are a bit of a problem as an interior plant. They need lots of sun and good air movement. There are some successes indoors, but there are much better species to grow as houseplants. If one does chose to grow one inside, be very careful about injuries from the spines. I want dates. Is there any way to tell if a small plant is a female or a male?

The answer is no. Only if you get a removed sucker from a known female parent, can you predict the sex I have one female Date Palm. Will I get good fruit? To get pure fruit you also need the female flowers to be pollinated by a male Phoenix dactylifera. If you only have one female plant, any fruit formed would most likely receive pollen from some other type of Phoenix and give hybrid fruit which is undoubtedly inferior in quality.

This is why the date grove localities try to prevent homeowners from introducing other species of Phoenix. Summary I hope that the reader now understands that there are many species of Phoenix.

But, there is only one true Date Palm. And, to get edible dates, you must obtain a female Phoenix dactylifera , the true Date Palm. And, you must have male plants for pollination in your locality. Some species of Phoenix are suckering (multiple stems), others are single trunk. Some are short while others tower overhead.

All have spines. Suckering species may need pruning of offsets to create the most beautiful mature specimen. In general, Phoenix do not make great house plants, but can be grown with some success indoors if given enough light. All Phoenix hybridize easily.. At our nursery we offer all the species of Phoenix for sale in containers. We also sell over 800 other types of palms and countless species of cycads and other tropical plants.

We are not company that digs and cranes large specimens, but may be able to assist you in locating fine specimen trees or a reputable transplanting company. Please contact us if you are interested. Several Phoenix canariensis together The rare Phoenix caespitosa , Saudi Arabia, by Tom McCoy Phil Bergman Owner and Author Jungle Music Palms, Cycads and Tropical Plants Nursery Location: 450 Ocean View Ave., Encinitas, CA 92024 Nursery Hours: 9AM to 4PM, Monday through Saturday Nursery Phone: 619 291 4605 Email: Last modified: Receive quarterly species lists and announcements of Jungle Music's famous Open House Sales!

Send mail to only with inquiries about Jungle Music nursery stock or mail order. (After over a decade and tens of thousands of phone calls and emails, we no longer offer free advice and consults by phone or email.

See our free & Articles) 1997- Jungle Music Palms and Cycads Last modified: All major credit cards accepted

best date reading palm variety pack

I just love dates, for sure natures candy and so healthful. Over the years I have tried many varieties of dates, in this new video I will share my favourite date varieties as well as the best places to buy your Fresh Organic Dates from! My favourite place to order Organic Dates is by the Bautista Family! Available in both Fresh in “Wet Packs” or a bit more dry in “Dry Packs, they have amazing prices, varieties and ship from USA to Canada. With shipping I find I pay about $6.5o per lb, this is a amazing deal for quality organic dates as most conventional store bought dates range from $4.99 – $7.99 a lb.

Go ahead Check out and see what sweetness you find, Perfect to help through the Winter with dense calories and great Recipes!! ** other great wholesalers are listed at the bottom of the post 🙂 My Top 5 Favourite Varieties + some Bonus Recipe Ideas: Degleg Noor – Firmer in texture the Deglet Noor is a perfect snacking or traveling date.

The Deglet’s lovely translucence, nutty flavor, lightly chewy texture, and subtler sweetness combine for a date that is especially pleasing to refined tastebuds, honestly my favourite date!

Great Chopped up in banana pudding (mash bananas, chop dates, mix together with some cinnamon and sliced bananas) Zahidi – This rare variety offers a amazing combination of peanut buttery nutty flavor, subtler sweetness, and enjoyably chewy bite. Like the Deglet it is drier and is great for snacking or traveling. Great Chopped up in banana pudding or mashed and mixed (food processor) with carob, other dried fruit and or flaked coconut to make delicious raw candy bars and balls.

Honey – Here’s a horticultural lesson for you (*from Most date varieties are grown strictly from the offshoots (cuttings) of the parent tree, resulting in identical fruit.

A Medjool is a Medjool is a Medjool. But “Honey” is a catch-all name for dates grown from seed, so there is no one true Honey date. These one-of-a-kind little sweeties are the delicious result of fallen fruit that has taken root. These softer but not too sticky dates are perfect for pitting and pushing into stalks of celery, this makes a great travel food or quick packed lunch with other sweet fruit. Halawy – The Halawy date is a bit smaller than the rest but comes with a amazing caramel flavor and melting softness.

These sultry blondes taste like butter-rich caramel in fact they remind me almost exactly of a old halloween candy I used to get, the orange wrappers with a little white ghost on them. Really soft and sticky these caramel flavoured dates work really great in hot Datorades (Pit and blend with hot water or your favourite herbal tea, I like 1 lb dates to 1.5 laters of water).

They also work well blended with just enough hot water to make a thick caramel syrup to pour over banana “NiceCream” Khadrawy – Khadrawys are a pure melt-in-your-mouth caramel candy. They are the softest gooeyest variety and super sweet. They taste almost exactly like small Kraft caramel squares that are individually wrapped in clear plastic. These soft and sweet dates work really great in hot datorades as well as a thick caramel syrup, or with carob for a chocolate syrup to pour over banana “NiceCream” or as a fun dip (fondue / fundue) for chopped sweet fruit, apples, and celery.

Another neat trick to blend some dates with your favourite berries for a “Jam” spread on a lettuce leaf, place a banana in side and you have a banana n jam Handwich!

🙂 If you Like Dates and Sweet Fruit be sure to for my FREE ebook “Super Sweet Treats: Deserts that are Meant to be the Whole Meal” and Much More! Some say that Dates and Bananas are like the “Rice” and “bread” of a low fat raw vegans diet, this is and can be quite true as they make excellent caloric staples in the diet. Here are some interesting Date Facts: • The word “date” comes from the Greek word daktylos, meaning finger.

• One cup of dates has about 400 calories, 27 percent of the recommended daily requirement of potassium and 48 percent of daily fiber needs.

• Dates provide calcium, zinc, iron, copper, magnesium, calcium and other minerals that may help lower blood pressure, stroke risk and labor complications. • Dates are rich in the antioxidants known as polyphenols, which fight disease-causing free-radicals. • Very few people are allergic to dates. • Dates made nomadic life and trade possible in the very dry and hot regions of the Middle East and North Africa.

• Because the tree and its fruit have so many uses — from food to building materials — the date palm is known as the “tree of life” in the Middle East, and it’s the national symbol of Saudi Arabia and Israel.

• Date palm seeds can go dormant for decades until the right light and water conditions are just right. • Some scholars believe a date — not an apple — was the real fruit mentioned in the Bible’s Garden of Eden.

• Date palm trees need at least 100 days of 100ºF heat and plenty of water to produce the best quality fruit. • Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics mark years with images of full date palms, as the trees grow 12 new fronds a year. • About 3% of the earth’s farmland is covered by date palms, producing four million tons a year. • The bulk of US dates are grown in California’s Coachella Valley. High temperatures and irrigation from the Colorado River make growing conditions ideal.

• There are more than 200 varieties of dates. Medjool, large and caramel-like, is the hardest to grow and therefore one of the most expensive to buy. • While they are high in sugar (about 93 grams per cup), many varieties have a low glycemic index (GI) • Ancient Mesopotamians considered the date an aphrodisiac. It’s the symbol of the goddess Ishtar, prototype of Venus and Aphrodite. (It can’t hurt to give it a try.) • Date palms were brought to Spain from North Africa around 800 AD. Spanish explorers brought seeds to Cuba in the 1500s.

Missionaries planted them in Baja California in 1765, while other varieties were imported to California in the early 1900s. If you are in North America Here is a list of some of the most amazing Organic Date Growers – click on the banner to check out their sites 🙂 And 🙂 Wishing you a sweet and warm winter filled with much PeaceLovenSeasonalFruit ck 2016-12-14T14:20:18+00:00

How to Do a Palm Reading
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