Марафон стал преемником Токийского международного мужского марафона с 2007 года. А в 2009 году к нему присоединился Токийский международный женский марафон, который до этого проводился отдельно. C 2013 года является членом World Marathon Majors Boston Marathon. Проводится с 1897 года. Это один из старейших и престижнейших марафонских забегов в мире, старейший из проводящихся ежегодно.
Sam Goresh Kiplagat Wins in Her First Boston Marathon Edna Kiplagat, 38, of Kenya, won the in 2:21:52. Kiplagat put in a big surge on a pack of five women through the hills of Newton to break up the group. She blazed through mile 20 in a 4:50 split, her closest competitor was Rose Chelimo, 27, of Bahrain, who placed second.
Kiplagat was second at the 2016 and won the 2007 and 2013 . She’s a two-time IAAF World Championships gold medalist winning the 2011 and 2013 marathons. This was her first Boston Marathon. For her win, Kiplagat takes home $150,000.
Boston Globe / Getty Kirui Surges in Final Miles for Victory Running the 22nd mile in 4:39 and the 23rd mile in 4:46, Geoffrey Kirui, 24, of Kenya, took the lead in the men’s race and won in 2:09:37.
He earns $150,000 for the victory. “I knew that I was coming to Boston to compete against some of my colleagues who had run Boston before, but I knew my body was prepared,” he said in the postrace press conference. Kirui is a relative newcomer to the distance.
He has finished two previous marathons, with a best of 2:06:27 that he ran last October in Amsterdam. Jordan Hasay Makes a Huge Debut , 25, placed third and ran the fastest American women’s marathon debut with 2:23:00. The previous record was held by , who ran a 2:25:53 in in 2008. “The marathon is a very emotional event, and I tried to stay as relaxed as possible,” Hasay said. She felt buoyed by the crowds and said she drew inspiration from her mother, who died in November.
“The crowds were really excited, so I tried to feed off that energy,” Hasay said. “My mom knew I would be debuting in Boston, and so I just thought of everyone who had lost a loved one and that lifted me up. I felt blessed that she was out there running every step with me.” RELATED: Rupp Takes Second American placed second in his first Boston Marathon, 21 seconds behind the leader Kirui, in 2:09:58.
The rest of the American men fared well, with six placing in the top 10. “Boston was everything I was told it would be,” Rupp said after the race. “I felt good coming through the hills, but Kirui made a few good moves at the top of Heartbreak Hill and that got me.” For Rupp, it was a new personal record in only his third attempt at the 26.2-mile distance.
He now has a first, a third (and an Olympic bronze medal), and a second place in his first three marathons. RELATED: Victor Sailer/PhotoRun Salazar’s Big Coaching Day Legendary coach and 1982 champion helped three athletes have extraordinary races. His runners—Galen Rupp, Jordan Hasay, and Suguru Osako—all took places on the podium. Because of Rupp having a foot injury for much of his build-up, he and Osako did only a few workouts together.
Nike Oregon Project coach Pete Julian said that, for Osako, Boston was a good choice for a low-key marathon debut instead of in his native marathon-crazy Japan. “Alberto knows this course like the back of his hand,” Rupp said of Salazar, whose stood as the fastest time by an American until Meb Keflezighi ran 2:08:37 in 2014. “The biggest thing I’ve learned from him is toughness. He pushes us (his athletes) mentally harder than any other coach pushes their athletes. I might feel like I’m at my max, but his training is all about pushing through that.” RELATED: The three Salazar-coached runners who made the podium wore , as did the winners, Edna Kiplagat and Geoffrey Kirui.
, the three runners attempting a sub-two-hour marathon on a Formula One racetrack in Monza, Italy, will wear customized versions of the shoe. Sam Goresh It Was Another Hot One As in 2016, the heat was a factor. Temperatures were in the low 70s at the start in Hopkinton and rose into the high 70s as runners made their way to Boston. The sun was bright along the course, which affords very little shade.
Clouds moved in later in the race, and the temperature dipped a little. Still, it wasn't as bad as the infamous heat that affected the 2012 race, when the temperature reached 87 degrees in Boston.
Boston Globe/Getty Images Meb’s Emotional Gesture finished his final Boston Marathon by reaching out and kissing the hands of Denise and Bill Richard near the finish line.
Their son, Martin Richard, was killed in the 2013 Boston bombings when he was just 8 years old. That year, Meb was also a spectator.
Later, he said that he thought about his daughter, who could’ve been watching him at the 2013 race. In 2014, he returned to win the race wearing the names of three victims on his bib. Hagen Hopkins Celebrating a Historic Run for Women , 70, made her return to Boston 50 years after registering as K.V. Switzer and being the first female to to run the race with a bib number. In that 1967 race, she ran a 4:20 after race director Jock Semple tried to chase her off the course. Today, roughly 14,000 women started the marathon.
Today, wearing the same number, Switzer crossed the finish in 4:44:31. She called the moment “magic” in the finishers’ chute as scores of runners passed behind her. PODCAST: to hear an exclusive interview with Kathrine Switzer on April 13.
On Sunday, Switzer threw out the first at the Red Sox game. Today, she fired the starting gun for the professional women’s race. She told media after the race that 50 years ago, “Every step of the way I felt paranoia.” She was, she said, afraid that race officials or the police would try and pull her off the course again. “This year, all I felt was support.”
best dates rings boston marathon - Boston Marathon (@bostonmarathon)
Marathon Dates FUTURE BOSTON MARATHON DATES April 15, 2019 123rd Boston Marathon April 20, 2020 124th Boston Marathon April 19, 2021 125th Boston Marathon April 18, 2022 126th Boston Marathon April 17, 2023 127th Boston Marathon April 15, 2024 128th Boston Marathon April 21, 2025 129th Boston Marathon April 20, 2026 130th Boston Marathon April 19, 2027 131st Boston Marathon April 17, 2028 132nd Boston Marathon PAST BOSTON MARATHON DATES April 20, 2009 113th Boston Marathon April 19, 2010 114th Boston Marathon April 18, 2011 115th Boston Marathon April 16, 2012 116th Boston Marathon April 15, 2013 117th Boston Marathon April 21, 2014 118th Boston Marathon April 20, 2015 119th Boston Marathon April 18, 2016 120th Boston Marathon April 17, 2017 121st Boston Marathon April 16, 2018 122nd Boston Marathon
For the rowing event, see . The Boston Marathon is an annual hosted by several cities in in eastern , United States. It is always held on , the third Monday of April. Begun in 1897, the event was inspired by the success of the first marathon competition in the .
The Boston Marathon is the world's oldest annual marathon and ranks as one of the world's best-known road racing events. It is one of six . Its course runs from in southern to in . Boston Marathon The Boston Marathon logo Date Third Monday of April () Location Eastern , ending in Boston Event type Road Distance Established 1897 ; 121 years ago ( 1897) Course records Men: 2:03:02 (2011) Women: 2:19:59 (2014) Official site The (B.A.A.) has organized this event since 1897, and it has been managed by DMSE Sports, Inc.
since 1988. Amateur and professional runners from all over the world compete in the Boston Marathon each year, braving the hilly terrain and varying weather to take part in the race. The event attracts 500,000 spectators each year, making it New England's most widely viewed sporting event. Though starting with 15 participants in 1897, the event now attracts an average of about 30,000 registered participants each year, with 30,251 people entering in 2015.
The Centennial Boston Marathon in 1996 established a record as the world's largest marathon with 38,708 entrants, 36,748 starters, and 35,868 finishers. Boston Marathon Finish Line, 1910.
The Boston Marathon was first run in April 1897, having been inspired by the for the in Athens, Greece. It is the oldest continuously running marathon, and the second longest continuously running footrace in North America, having debuted five months after the .
On April 19, 1897, ten years after the establishment of the B.A.A., the association held the 24.5 miles (39.4 km) marathon to conclude its athletic competition, the B.A.A. Games. The inaugural winner was , who ran the 24.5 mile course in 2:55:10, leading a field of 15.
The event was scheduled for the recently established holiday of , with the race linking the Athenian and American struggles for liberty. The race, which became known as the Boston Marathon, has been held every year since then, even during the years, making it the world's oldest annual marathon.
In 1924, the starting line was moved from Metcalf's Mill in to Green and the course was lengthened to 26 miles 385 yards (42.195 km) to conform to the standard set by the and codified by the in 1921. The Boston Marathon was originally a local event, but its fame and status have attracted runners from all over the world. For most of its history, the Boston Marathon was a free event, and the only prize awarded for winning the race was a wreath woven from olive branches.
However, -sponsored cash prizes began to be awarded in the 1980s, when professional athletes refused to run the race unless they received a cash award. The first cash prize for winning the marathon was awarded in 1986. was the President of the Boston Athletic Association from 1941 to 1964.
During the height of the in 1951, Brown denied Koreans entry into the Boston Marathon. He stated: "While American soldiers are fighting and dying in Korea, every Korean should be fighting to protect his country instead of training for marathons. As long as the war continues there, we positively will not accept Korean entries for our race on April 19." Bobbi Gibb and Kathrine Switzer Women were not allowed to officially enter the Boston Marathon until 1972. is recognized by the race organizers as the first woman to run the entire Boston Marathon (in 1966).
In 1967, , who had registered as "K. V. Switzer", was the first woman to run and finish with a race number. She finished despite an infamous incident in which race official tried to rip off her numbers and eject her from the race. In 1996 the B.A.A. retroactively recognized as champions the unofficial women's leaders of 1966 through 1971. In 2015, about 46 percent of the entrants were female. Rosie Ruiz, the impostor In 1980, amateur runner crossed the finish line first in the women's race.
Marathon officials became suspicious when it was discovered that Ruiz did not appear in race videotapes until near the end of the race. A subsequent investigation concluded that Ruiz had skipped most of the race and blended into the crowd about one mile (1.6 km) from the finish line, where she then ran to her bogus victory.
Ruiz was officially disqualified, and Canadian was proclaimed the winner. Participant deaths In 1905, James Edward Brooks of died of pneumonia shortly after running the marathon. In 1996, a 61-year-old Swedish man, Humphrey Siesage, died of a heart attack during the 100th running.
In 2002, Cynthia Lucero, 28, died of . On Monday, April 18, 2011 of won the Boston Marathon in a time of 2:03:02. Although this was the fastest marathon ever run at the time, the noted that the performance was not eligible for world record status given that the course did not satisfy rules that regarded elevation drop and start/finish separation (the latter requirement being intended to prevent advantages gained from a strong , as was the case in 2011).
The reported that Mutai had the support of other runners who describe the IAAF's rules as "flawed". According to the , race director said he was sending paperwork to the IAAF in an attempt to have Mutai's mark ratified as a world record. Although this was not successful, the AP indicated that the attempt to have the mark certified as a world record "would force the governing bodies to reject an unprecedented performance on the world's most prestigious marathon course".
2013 bombing Main article: On April 15, 2013, the was still in progress at 2:49 p.m. EDT (nearly three hours after the winner crossed the finish line), when two homemade bombs were set off about 200 yards (180 m) apart on Boylston Street, in approximately the last 225 yards (200 m) of the course.
The race was halted, preventing many from finishing. Three spectators were killed and an estimated 264 were injured.
Entrants who completed at least half the course and did not finish due to the bombing were given automatic entry in 2014. In 2015, , one of the perpetrators of the bombing, was found guilty of 30 federal offenses in connection with the attack and was sentenced to . 2014 drug case Buzunesh Deba of Ethiopia was eventually named women's winner of the , following the disqualification of Rita Jeptoo from the event.
Deba finished in a time of 2:19:59. As a result, she became the course record holder. Her performance bested that of Margaret Okayo, who ran a time of 2:20:43 in 2002. 2016 In , Jami Marseilles, an American, became the first female double amputee to finish the Boston Marathon.
was the grand marshal of the race. The Women's Open division winner, , gave Gibb her trophy; Gibb said that she would go to Baysa's native Ethiopia in 2017 and return it to her. Qualifying Boston Marathon qualifying standards (effective for 2020 race) Age Men Women 18–34 3 00 3 h 30 min 35–39 3 h 05 min 3 h 35 min 40–44 3 h 10 min 3 h 40 min 45–49 3 h 20 min 3 h 50 min 50–54 3 h 25 min 3 h 55 min 55–59 3 h 35 min 4 h 05 min 60–64 3 h 50 min 4 h 20 min 65–69 4 h 05 min 4 h 35 min 70–74 4 h 20 min 4 h 50 min 75–79 4 h 35 min 5 h 05 min ≥80 4 h 50 min 5 h 20 min The Boston Marathon is open to runners 18 or older from any nation, but they must meet certain qualifying standards.
To qualify, a runner must first complete a standard course certified by a national governing body affiliated with the within a certain period of time before the date of the desired Boston Marathon (usually within approximately 18 months prior). In the 1980s and 1990s, membership in was required of all runners, but this requirement has been eliminated. Qualifying standards for the 2013 race were tightened on February 15, 2011, by 5 minutes in each age-gender group for marathons run after September 23, 2011.
Prospective runners in the age range of 18–34 must run a time of no more than 3:05:00 (3 hours 5 minutes) if male, or 3:35:00 (3 hours 35 minutes) if female; the qualifying time is adjusted upward as age increases. In addition, the 59-second grace period on qualifying times has been completely eliminated; for example, a 40- to 44-year-old male will no longer qualify with a time of 3:15:01.
For many marathoners, to qualify for Boston (to "BQ") is a goal and achievement in itself. An exception to the qualification times is for runners who receive entries from partners. About one-fifth of the marathon's spots are reserved each year for charities, sponsors, vendors, licensees, consultants, municipal officials, local running clubs, and marketers. In 2010, about 5,470 additional runners received entries through partners, including 2,515 charity runners.
The marathon currently allocates spots to two dozen charities who in turn are expected to raise more than $10 million a year. In 2017, charity runners raised $34.2 million for more than 200 non-profit organizations. The Boston Athletic Association's Official Charity Program raised $17.96 million, John Hancock's Non-Profit Program raised $12.3 million, and the last $3.97 million was raised by other qualified and invitational runners.
On October 18, 2010, the 20,000 spots reserved for qualifiers were filled in a record-setting eight hours and three minutes. The speed of registration prompted the B.A.A. to change its qualifying standards for the 2013 marathon onward. In addition to lowering qualifying times, the change includes a rolling application process, which gives faster runners priority.
Organizers decided not to significantly adjust the number of non-qualifiers. On September 27, 2018, the B.A.A. announced that they were lowering the qualifying times for the 2020 marathon by another five minutes, with male runners in the 18-34 age group required to run a time of 3:00:00 (3 hours) or less and female runners in the 18-34 age group required to run a time of 3:30:00 (3 hours, 30 minutes) or less in order to qualify.
Race day The race has traditionally been held on , a state holiday in Massachusetts, and until 1969 that was every April 19, whichever day of the week that fell on.
Starting in 1969, the holiday was observed on the third Monday in April and so the marathon date was correspondingly fixed to that Monday, often referred to by local residents as "Marathon Monday". Starting times Through 2005, the race began at noon ( race at 11:25 am, and elite women at 11:31 am), at the official starting point in .
In 2006, the race used a staggered "wave start", where top-seeded runners (the elite men's group) and a first batch of up to 10,000 runners started at noon, with a second group starting at 12:30. The next year the starting times for the race were moved up, allowing runners to take advantage of cooler temperatures and enabling the roads to be reopened earlier.
The marathon later added third and fourth waves to help further stagger the runners and reduce congestion. The starting times for 2017 and announced for 2018 were: • 8:50 a.m.: Mobility Impaired • 9:17 a.m.: Wheelchair Division • 9:22 a.m.: Handcycle Participants • 9:32 a.m.: Elite Women • 10:00 a.m.: Elite Men and Wave One • 10:25 a.m.: Wave Two • 10:50 a.m.: Wave Three • 11:15 a.m.: Wave Four Course on his way to winning the 2006 Boston Marathon, where he set a new course record.
The Boston Marathon is considered to be one of the more difficult marathon courses because of the Newton hills, which culminate in near . While the three hills on (Route 30) are better known, a preceding hill on Washington Street (Route 16), climbing from the crossing at 16 miles (26 km), is regarded by Dave McGillivray, the long-term race director, as the course's most difficult challenge.
This hill, which follows a 150-foot (46 m) drop in a 1⁄ 2 mile (800 m) stretch, forces many lesser-trained runners to a walking pace. Heartbreak Hill Heartbreak Hill is an ascent over 0.4-mile (600 m) between the 20- and 21-mile (32- and 34-km) marks, near . It is the last of four " hills", which begin at the 16-mile (26 km) mark and challenge contestants with late (if modest) climbs after the course's general downhill trend to that point.
Though Heartbreak Hill itself rises only 88 feet (27 m) vertically (from an elevation of 148 to 236 feet (45 to 72 m)), it comes in the portion of a marathon distance where muscle stores are most likely to be depleted—a phenomenon referred to by marathoners as "".
It was on this hill that, in 1936, defending champion overtook , giving him a consolatory pat on the shoulder as he passed. This gesture renewed the competitive drive in Brown, who rallied, pulled ahead of Kelley, and went on to win—thereby, it was said, breaking Kelley's heart. Records Participants in the 2010 Boston Marathon in , just after the halfway mark Because the course drops 459 feet (140 m) from start to finish and the start is quite far west of the finish, allowing a helpful tailwind, the Boston Marathon does not satisfy two of the or American records.
On April 18, 2011, of ran the fastest marathon ever in a time of 2:03:02 at the 2011 Boston Marathon (since surpassed by 's 2:02:57 in Berlin 2014). Bezunesh Deba from Ethiopia set the women's course record with a 2:19:59 performance on April 21, 2014.
This was declared after Rita Jeptoo from Kenya was disqualified following a confirmed doping violation. Other course records include: • Men's Masters: John Campbell (New Zealand), 2:11:04 (set in 1990) • Women's Masters: Mary Hannah (United States), 2:27:58 (set in 2012) • Men's Push Rim Wheelchair: Joshua Cassidy (Canada), 1:18:25 (set in 2012) • Women's Push Rim Wheelchair: Jean Driscoll (United States), 1:34:22 (set in 1994) On only four occasions have world record times for marathon running been set in Boston.
[ ] In 1947, the men's record time set was 2:25:39, by of . In 1975, a women's world record of 2:42:24 was set by of , and in 1983, of the United States ran a women's world record time of 2:22:43. In 2012 of Canada set a men's wheelchair marathon world-record time of 1:18:25. In 2007, astronaut was an official entrant of the race, running a marathon distance while on the , becoming the first person to run a marathon in space.
She was sent a specialty bib and medal by the BAA on the flight of the . The race's organizers keep a standard time clock for all entries, though official timekeeping ceases after the six-hour mark. In 1975, the Boston Marathon became the first major marathon to include a wheelchair division competition.
Bob Hall wrote race director Will Cloney to ask if he could compete in the race in his wheelchair. Cloney wrote back that he could not give Hall a race number, but would recognize Hall as an official finisher if he completed the race in under 3 hours and 30 minutes.
Hall finished in 2 hours and 58 minutes, paving the way for the wheelchair division. In addition to the push rim wheelchair division, the Boston Marathon also hosts a blind/visually impaired division and a mobility impaired program. Similar to the running divisions, a set of qualifying times has been developed for these divisions to motivate aspiring athletes and ensure competitive excellence. In 1986, the introduction of prize money at the Boston Marathon gave the push rim wheelchair division the richest prize purse in the sport.
More than 1,000 people with disabilities and impairments have participated in the wheelchair division, while the other divisions have gained popularity each year. In 2013, 40 blind runners participated. The Boston Marathon Memorial in Copley Square, which is near the finish line, was installed to mark the one-hundredth running of the race. A circle of granite blocks set in the ground surrounds a central medallion that traces the race course and other segments that show an elevation map of the course and the names of the winners.
Spectators With approximately 500,000 spectators, the Boston Marathon is 's most widely viewed sporting event. About 1,000 media members from more than 100 outlets received media credentials in 2011. For the entire distance of the race, thousands line the sides of the course to cheer the runners on, encourage them, and provide free water and snacks to the runners. Scream Tunnel Along the course at Wellesley College At , a women's college, it is traditional for the students to cheer on the runners in what is referred to as the Scream Tunnel.
For about a quarter of a mile (400 m), the students line the course, scream, and offer kisses. The Scream Tunnel is so loud runners claim it can be heard from a mile away. The tunnel is roughly half a mile (0.8 km) prior to the halfway mark of the course. Boston Red Sox Every year, the play a home game at , starting at 11:05 am.
When the game ends, the crowd empties into to cheer as the runners enter the final mile. This tradition started in 1903. In the 1940s, the from the and the from the (who moved to after the 1953 season) alternated yearly as to which would play the morning game. In 2007, the game between the Red Sox and the was delayed until 12:18 pm due to heavy rain. The marathon, which had previously been run in a wide variety of weather conditions, was not delayed.
The 2018 game hosting the was postponed into May due to rain. Dick and Rick Hoyt Team Hoyt at ~12.8 miles on the Marathon course on April 16, 2012 are one of the most recognized duos each year at the Boston Marathon. Dick is the father of Rick, who has . While doctors said he would never have a normal life and thought that institutionalizing Rick was the best option, Dick and his wife disagreed and raised him as an ordinary child.
Eventually, a computer device was developed that helped Rick communicate with his family, and they learned that one of his biggest passions was sports.
"Team Hoyt" (Dick and Rick) started competing in charity runs, with Dick pushing Rick in a wheelchair. Dick and Rick have competed in 66 marathons and 229 triathlons (as of August 2008). Their top marathon finish was 2:40:47. The team completed their 30th Boston Marathon in 2012, when Dick was 72 and Rick was 50. They had intended the 2013 marathon to be their final one, but due to the were stopped a mile short of completing their run, and decided to run one more marathon the following year.
They completed the 2014 marathon on April 21, 2014, having previously announced that it would be their last. In tribute to his connection with the race, Dick Hoyt was named the Grand Marshal of the 2015 marathon. Bandits Unlike many other races, the Boston Marathon tolerated "bandits" (runners who do not register and obtain a bib number).
They used to be held back until after all the registered runners had left the starting line, and then were released in an unofficial fourth wave. They were generally not pulled off the course and mostly allowed to cross the finish line. For decades, these unofficial runners were treated like local folk heroes, celebrated for their endurance and spunk for entering a contest with the world's most accomplished athletes.
Boston Marathon race director Dave McGillivray was once a teenage bandit. Given the increased field that was expected for the 2014 Marathon, however, organizers planned "more than ever" to discourage bandits from running. As of September 2015 the B.A.A. website states: Q: Can I run in the Boston Marathon as an unofficial or "bandit" runner? A: No, please do NOT run if you have not been officially entered in the race. Race amenities along the course and at the finish, such as fluids, medical care, and traffic safety, are provided based on the number of expected official entrants.
Any addition to this by way of unofficial participants, adversely affects our ability to ensure a safe race for everyone.
Costumes A number of people choose to run the course in a variety of costumes each year. During the 100th running in 1996, one runner wore a scale model of the steeple on his back. Old North Church is where the signal was lit that set off on his midnight ride, which is on the same day as the Marathon.
During the 2014 marathon, runners and spectators were discouraged from wearing "costumes covering the face or any non-form fitting, bulky outfits extending beyond the perimeter of the body," for security reasons following the 2013 bombings. However, state authorities and the Boston Athletic Association did not outright ban such costumes. • . Boston Athletic Association . Retrieved April 16, 2013. • ^ . Boston Athletic Association. Archived from on April 19, 2013 . Retrieved April 16, 2013.
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