Several American cities have received money from the CDC, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, for programs to prevent abusive relationships. A private organization called Men Can Stop Rape has groups for boys between the ages of 12 and 14. These Men of Strength groups teach boys that being a strong man is not always about physical strength Ms. Miller says the number of high school students who say they have been physically hurt by a dating partner has dropped by six percentage points in the past six years.Next week, we look at some of the skills needed to build healthy relationships. And that's the VOA Special English Health Report, available online at voaspecialenglish.com.
Dating abuse Template:Close Relationships Dating abuse or dating violence is defined as the perpetration or threat of an act of by at least one member of an unmarried couple on the other member within the context of dating or courtship. It is also when one partner tries to maintain power and control over the other through abuse/violence.
This abuse/violence encompasses all forms: sexual harassment, threats, physical violence, , mental, or , social sabotage, and stalking. Dating violence crosses all racial, age, economic and social lines. The Center for Relationship Abuse Awareness describes dating abuse as a "pattern of abusive and coercive behaviors used to maintain power and control over a former or current intimate partner." The Family & Community Development support group at eCitizen in Singapore has described what it calls tell-tale signs of an abusive relationship.
These can include , , , and . Profile of abuser and victim Individuals of all walks of life can find themselves in an abusive relationship. Abuse can occur regardless of the couple's age, race, income, or other demographic traits. There are, however, many traits that abusers and victims share in common. The Centre for Promoting Alternatives to Violence describes abusers as being obsessively jealous and possessive, overly confident, having mood swings or a history of violence or temper, seeking to isolate their partner from family, friends and colleagues, and having a tendency to blame external stressors.
Meanwhile, victims of relationship abuse share many traits as well, including: physical signs of injury, missing time at work or school, slipping performance at work or school, changes in mood or personality, increased use of drugs or alcohol, and increasing isolation from friends and family. Victims may themselves for any abuse that occurs or may the severity of the crime.
This often leads to victims choosing to stay in abusive relationships. Strauss (2005) argues that while men inflict the greater share of injuries in domestic violence, researchers and society at large must not overlook the substantial minority of injuries inflicted by women. Additionally, Strauss notes that even relatively minor acts of physical aggression by women are a serious concern: 'Minor' assaults perpetrated by women are also a major problem, even when they do not result in injury, because they put women in danger of much more severe retaliation by men.
[...] It will be argued that in order to end 'wife beating,' it is essential for women also to end what many regard as a 'harmless' pattern of slapping, kicking, or throwing something at a male partner who persists in some outrageous behavior and 'won't listen to reason.' Similarly, Deborah Capaldi reports that a 13-year longitudinal study found that a woman's aggression towards a man was equally important as the man's tendency towards violence in predicting the likelihood of overall violence: "Since much IPV [Intimate Partner Violence] is mutual and women as well as men initiate IPV, prevention and treatment approaches should attempt to reduce women's violence as well as men's violence.
Such an approach has a much higher chance of increasing women's safety." References • • • Centre for Promoting Alternatives to Violence • • Strauss, Murray A. (2005) "." In D.R. Loeske, et al., eds. Current controversies in family violence. Newbery Park: Sage Publications.
• "quoted in Sacks, Glenn. (2009) ." on HuffingtonPost.com, 06 July 2009. URL retrieved 09 September 2009. External links • at the Open Directory Project Canadian resources • , Provided by the Canadian Red Cross, give information to teens, parents, and teachers about abuse in dating relationships. UK resources • • • US resources • • • - created by the Alabama Coalition Against Dating Violence, provides a Dating Bill of Rights. • - provides free educational materials to schools and groups and sponsors video game contests about teen dating violence from .
• - sponsored by Liz Claiborne, provides educational materials. • - runs the National Teen Dating Abuse Helpline. • - offers articles and fact sheets.
• - created by Break the Cycle, offers information and allows teens to submit questions.
best dating abuse prevention centers - Teen Dating Abuse Awareness and Prevention
Prior research has found that between 10 percent and 30 percent of teens have been physically hurt by a boyfriend or girlfriend, according to background information in the study. And dating abuse has been linked to , , sexually transmitted diseases and other physical and , the researchers noted. But preventing dating abuse and assisting victims are not priorities for U.S.
high schools, the new study concluded. "We found that the majority of schools don't have a protocol to deal with incidents of teen dating abuse," said lead researcher Dr. Jagdish Khubchandani, an assistant professor of community health education at Ball State University in Muncie, Ind. "This means that most of the school counselors would not know what to do.
This is also true for school nurses," he said. The reasons vary from not considering dating abuse a serious issue to ' reluctance to get involved in , he said. Some also fear parents will object to school interference in a child's personal or . "There needs to be more awareness and education about dating violence," Khubchandani said. "Parents and school personnel should collaborate, and there should be regular assessments of the prevalence of this problem." In addition to and , dating violence includes .
Because teenage victims of dating violence are just beginning to date, they may think abusive behavior is the norm, which can perpetuate the cycle, experts say. For the study, published online July 9 and in the August print issue of Pediatrics, Khubchandani's team sent to 550 high school counselors asking about their training and ability to deal with teen dating violence.
More than 81 percent of the respondents said their school had no protocol for responding to a report of dating violence. Ninety percent said there had been no staff training in the previous two years regarding student victims of dating abuse, and more than three-quarters said their school had no committee that dealt with health and safety issues including dating abuse or healthy relationships.
Yet the majority of counselors (61 percent) said they had had occasion to advise a victim of dating violence in the previous two years. Most of those they helped were girls. Counselors with no training in dating abuse stated it was not a serious issue, the study found, while those who had had some training recognized its importance and were much more likely to help students who reported it.
Dr. Andra Tharp, a health scientist with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said that "adolescence is a high-risk period for sexual and dating violence.
"It's a problem we need to be working on with anyone who interacts with youth," added Tharp, who works in the division of violence prevention. Besides training staff, Tharp believes students, both victims and perpetrators, need to be educated about relationship abuse, so the blame doesn't fall on the victim, but on the perpetrators -- where it belongs, she said.
Most schools responded to reports of dating violence by calling a parent or reporting it to the police. Fewer referred the student to child protection services or the school nurse for medical or legal advice, the researchers found. "Sexual violence and are sensitive topics for everyone," Tharp said.
"The fact that it's of a sexual nature adds a level of sensitivity to it. For school and parents, it may be awkward to address the issue." Schools needs to create an environment where the problem is recognized and students feel safe in reporting it, Tharp said.
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Safe Dates Step 2: Educate Students with an Evidence-based Dating Violence Program Goals The goals of Safe Dates are • To raise student awareness of what constitutes healthy and abusive dating relationships • To raise student awareness of dating abuse and its causes and consequences • To equip students with the skills and resources to help themselves or friends in abusive dating relationships • To equip students with the skills to develop healthy dating relationships, including positive communication, anger management, and conflict resolution.
Download For additional program information, please download these files (PDF): • Once your school has a solid policy in place to address dating violence, you can begin educating your student body using Safe Dates, an evidence-based adolescent dating abuse prevention program. Highly engaging and interactive, Safe Dates helps teens recognize the difference between caring, supportive relationships and controlling, manipulative, or abusive dating relationships.
Safe Dates is the only evidence-based curriculum that prevents dating abuse: a factor often linked to alcohol and other drug use. Safe Dates: • English and Spanish language versions of all parent materials All the materials needed to implement the program are included in the Safe Dates manual and its companion CD-ROM. Safe Dates can be used as a dating abuse prevention tool for both male and female middle and high school students. Safe Dates would fit well within a health education, family life skills or general life skills curriculum.
What Sets Safe Dates Apart? • Proven to show a 56% to 92% decrease in physical and sexual dating violence Safe Dates Research Safe Dates is an evidence-based program with strong, long-term outcomes.
It was the subject of substantial formative research in fourteen public schools in North Carolina using a rigorous experimental design.
The program was found to be effective in both preventing and reducing perpetration among teens already using violence against their dates. Adolescents participating in the program, as compared with those who did not participate, also reported: • greater awareness of community services for dating abuse Researchers studied the same group of students four years after implementation and found that students who participated in the Safe Dates program reported 56 percent to 92 percent less physical, serious physical, and sexual dating violence victimization and perpetration than teens who did not participate in Safe Dates.
The program has been found to be equally effective for males and females and for whites and non-whites. About the Authors Vangie Foshee, Ph.D. Dr. Vangie Foshee is a tenured associate professor in the Department of Health Behavior and Health Education in the School of Public Health at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Her research focus is on adolescent problem behaviors and includes both etiological and evaluation research. Her etiological research has included identifying determinants, at multiple ecological levels, of violence between adolescent dating couples, adolescent cigarette smoking and alcohol use and adolescent sexual behavior. She has a particular interest in testing biopsychosocial models of adolescent health risk behaviors, especially models examining the influence of interactions between biological factors such as genotypes and hormones and contextual variables on health risk behaviors.
Her evaluation research has included the development and evaluation of programs for preventing adolescent dating abuse and adolescent substance use. Stacey Langwick, Ph.D.
Dr. Stacey Langwick is an assistant professor at the University of Florida and holds a joint appointment with the Department of Anthropology and the Center for Women's Studies and Gender Research. Ten Sessions Safe Dates targets attitudes and behaviors associated with dating abuse and violence. Each of the 10 sessions is about 50 minutes in length. Safe Dates can be flexibly scheduled (e.g. daily or weekly sessions).
Reproducible student handouts are included at the end of each session. Session 1: Defining Caring Relationships: A bingo game and class discussions introduce students to the program. They evaluate how they would like to be treated in dating relationships. Session 2: Defining Dating Abuse: Through the discussion of scenarios and the review of statistics, students clearly define dating abuse.
Session 3: Why Do People Abuse: During group discussions and the review of scenarios, students identify the causes and consequences of dating abuse. Session 4: How to Help Friends: Students learn why it is difficult to leave abusive relationships and how to help a friend if she or he is in an abusive relationship.
Session 5: Helping Friends: Students practice effective skills for helping friends who are abused or confronting friends who are abusing. Session 6: Overcoming Gender Stereotypes: A writing exercise, small-group discussions and scenarios help students learn about gender stereotypes and how these stereotypes can affect dating relationships.
Session 7: How We Feel, How We Deal: Through the use of a feelings diary and a discussion of "hot buttons," students learn effective ways to recognize and handle their anger, so it doesn't lead to abusive behavior. Session 8: Equal Power through Communication: Students learn the four skills for effective communication and practice these skills in a variety of role-plays.
Session 9: Preventing Dating Sexual Abuse: A quiz, analysis of scenarios and a discussion with peers help students learn about the issue of dating sexual abuse and how to prevent it. Session 10: Reviewing the Safe Dates Program: Through discussion, evaluation and a poster contest, students will review the safes dates program. Dating Abuse Play The Safe Dates program includes a 45-minute play about dating abuse and violence, which was written by high-school drama students. After the performance, the actors lead discussions with the audience about the issues presented in the play.
Poster Contest Hosting a poster contest is a great way to reinforce the concepts learned in the curriculum. Posters on the theme of dating abuse prevention can be displayed in school hallways or other community buildings such as libraries, city hall, community centers and shopping malls.
Parent Materials Included with the curriculum is an evidence-based family program, consisting of booklets that parents and their children work through together.
All parent materials are provided in English and Spanish.
ECS HOSA Teen Dating Violence Prevention