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Bury St Edmunds, (/ˈbɛri/) commonly referred to as Bury, is a historic market town and civil parish in the in St Edmundsbury district, in the county of Suffolk, England. Bury St Edmunds Abbey is near the town centre. Bury is the seat of the Diocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich of the Church of England, with the episcopal see at St Edmundsbury Cathedral. The town, originally called Beodericsworth, was built on a grid pattern by Abbot Baldwin around 1080.

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Bury St Edmunds shown within 35,015 OS grid reference St Edmundsbury Post town BURY ST. EDMUNDS Postcode district IP28–IP33 Dialling code 01284 Police Suffolk Fire Suffolk Ambulance East of England EU Parliament East of England UK Parliament Bury St Edmunds List of places: UK • • Suffolk Bury St Edmunds is a market town in the county of , England, and formerly the of . It is the main town in the borough of St Edmundsbury and known for the ruined abbey near the town centre.

Bury is the seat of the Diocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich, with the episcopal see at St Edmundsbury Cathedral. The town originally called Beodericsworth, is known for brewing and malting (with the large Greene King brewery) and for a British Sugar processing factory.

Many large and small businesses are located in Bury, which traditionally has given Bury an affluent economy with low unemployment, with the town being the main cultural and retail centre for West Suffolk. Tourism is also a major part of the economy, plus local government.

It is in the Bury St Edmunds parliamentary constituency and is represented in Parliament by David Ruffley. History Bury St Edmunds ( Beodericsworth, St Edmund's Bury), supposed by some to have been the Villa Faustina of the Romans, was one of the royal towns of the . Sigebert, king of the East Angles, founded a here about 633, which in 903 became the burial place of King Edmund, who was slain by the Danes in 869, and owed most of its early celebrity to the reputed miracles performed at the shrine of the martyr king.

The town grew around Bury St Edmunds Abbey, a site of pilgrimage. By 925 the fame of St Edmund had spread far and wide, and the name of the town was changed to St Edmund's Bury.

In 942 or 945 King Edmund had granted to the abbot and convent jurisdiction over the whole town, free from all secular services, and Canute in 1020 freed it from episcopal control. made the abbot lord of the franchise. Sweyn, in 1020, having destroyed the older monastery and ejected the secular priests, built a Benedictine abbey on St Edmund's Bury. The town is associated with Magna Carta. In 1214 the barons of England are believed to have met in the Abbey Church and sworn to force to accept the Charter of Liberties, the document which influenced the creation of the Magna Carta.

By various grants from the abbots, the town gradually attained the rank of a . in 1235 granted to the abbot two annual fairs, one in December (which still survives) and the other the great St Matthew's fair, which was abolished by the Fairs Act of 1871. In 1327, the Great Riot occurred, in which the local populace led an armed revolt against the Abbey.

The burghers were angry at the overwhelming power, wealth and corruption of the monastery, which ran almost every aspect of local life with a view to enriching itself. The riot destroyed the main gate and a new, fortified gate was built in its stead.

However in 1381 during the Great Uprising, the Abbey was sacked and looted again. This time, the Prior was executed; his severed head was placed on a pike in the Great Market.

On 11 April 1608 a great fire broke out in Eastgate Street, which resulted in 160 dwellings and 400 outhouses being destroyed. Thomas Warren's map of Bury St Edmunds, 1776 The town developed into a flourishing cloth-making town, with a large woollen trade, by the 14th century. In 1405 granted another fair. in 1562 confirmed the charters which former kings had granted to the abbots.

The reversion of the fairs and two markets on Wednesday and Saturday were granted by James I in fee farm to the corporation. in 1606 granted a charter of incorporation with an annual fair in Easter week and a market. James granted further charters in 1608 and 1614, as did in 1668 and 1684. Parliaments were held in the borough in 1272, 1296 and 1446, but the borough was not represented until 1608, when James I conferred on it the privilege of sending two members.

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 reduced the representation to one. The borough of Bury St Edmunds and the surrounding area, like much of East Anglia, being part of the Eastern Association, supported Puritan sentiment during the first half of the 17th century.

By 1640, several families had departed for the as part of the wave of emigration that occurred during the . Bury's ancient grammar school also educated notable puritan theologians such as Richard Sibbes, the master of St.

Catherine's Hall in Cambridge and noteworthy future colonists such as Simonds D'Ewes and The town was the setting for the Bury St. Edmunds witch trials between 1599 and 1694. View of gate, Bury St Edmunds Abbey, c. 1920 Modern history During the , the USAAF used RAF Station Rougham airfield outside the town. On 3 March 1974 a Turkish Airlines DC10 jet Flight 981 crashed near killing all 346 people on board.

Among the victims were 17 members of Bury St Edmunds rugby club, returning from . The town council was formed in 2003 . The election on 3 May 2007 was won by the "Abolish Bury Town Council" party. The party lost its majority following a by-election in June 2007 and, to date, the Town Council is still in existence. In March 2008 a further by-election put Conservatives in control but in the council election of May 2011 the lack of Conservative and other parties' candidates let in a Labour majority before the election was even held.

Town Near the gardens stands Britain's first internally illuminated street sign, the Pillar of Salt. When built (in 1935), it needed permission because it did not conform to regulations. Bury St Edmunds is terminus of the A1101, 's lowest road. Barwell's Butcher Shop, Bury St Edmunds, c. 1900 There is a network of tunnels which are evidence of chalk-workings, though there is no evidence of extensive tunnels under the town centre.

Some buildings have inter-communicating cellars. Due to their unsafe nature the chalk-workings are not open to the public, although viewing has been granted to individuals. Some have caused subsidence in living history. Among noteworthy buildings is St Mary's Church, where and sister of king , was re-buried, six years after her death, having been moved from the Abbey after her brother's Dissolution of the Monasteries.

had a stained glass window fitted into the church to commemorate Mary's interment. Bury St Edmunds has one of the wholetime fire stations run by Suffolk Fire and Rescue Service.

Originally located in the Traverse (), it moved to Fornham Road in 1953. The Fornham Road site (now Mermaid Close) closed in 1987 and the fire station moved to its current location on . Geography Bury is located in the middle of an undulating area of East Anglia known as the East Anglian Heights, with land to the East and West of the town rising to above 100 metres(328 feet), though parts of the town itself are as low as 30 metres(98 feet) above sea level where the River's Lark and Linnet pass through it.

Climate There are two Met office reporting stations in the vicinity of Bury St Edmunds, Brooms Barn (elevation 76m), 6.5 miles to the West of the town centre, and Honington (elevation 51m), about 6.5 miles to the North. Honington ceased weather observations in 2003, though Brooms Barn remains operational. Brooms Barn's record Maximum temperature stands at 36.7c (98.1f), recorded in August 2003. The lowest recent temperature was -10.0c (14.0f) during December 2010.

Rainfall is generally low, at under 600mm, and spread fairly evenly throughout the year. Climate data for Honington, elevation 51m, 1971-2000.

Rainfall data 1981-1990 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °C (°F) 6.6 (43.9) 7.0 (44.6) 9.8 (49.6) 12.2 (54.0) 16.2 (61.2) 19.1 (66.4) 21.8 (71.2) 21.9 (71.4) 18.6 (65.5) 14.3 (57.7) 9.7 (49.5) 7.4 (45.3) 13.3 (55.9) Average low °C (°F) 1.0 (33.8) 0.9 (33.6) 2.5 (36.5) 3.8 (38.8) 6.8 (44.2) 9.7 (49.5) 11.9 (53.4) 11.9 (53.4) 10.0 (50.0) 7.0 (44.6) 3.5 (38.3) 2.1 (35.8) 5.6 (42.1) mm (inches) 53.7 (2.114) 30.1 (1.185) 49.9 (1.965) 47.6 (1.874) 47.7 (1.878) 54.7 (2.154) 43.4 (1.709) 49.1 (1.933) 41.2 (1.622) 65.6 (2.583) 47.2 (1.858) 49.6 (1.953) 578.3 (22.768) Source #1: YR.NO Source #2: WorldClimate Name The name Bury is etymologically connected with , which has cognates in other Germanic languages such as the "burg" meaning "fortress, castle"; "borg" meaning "wall, castle"; and Gothic "baurgs" meaning "city".

They all derive from Proto-Germanic *burgs meaning "fortress". This in turn derives from the Proto-Indo-European root *bhrgh meaning "fortified elevation", with cognates including Welsh bera ("stack") and Sanskrit bhrant- ("high, elevated building").

There is thus no justification for the folk etymology stating that the Cathedral Town was so called because St Edmund was buried there. The second section of the name refers to Edmund King of the East Angles, who was killed by the Vikings in the year 869.

He became venerated as a saint and a martyr, and his shrine made Bury St Edmunds an important place of pilgrimage. The formal name of both the borough and the diocese is "St. Edmundsbury". Local residents often refer to Bury St Edmunds simply as "Bury". Main article: Bury St. Edmunds Abbey In the centre of Bury St Edmunds lie the remains of an abbey, surrounded by the Abbey Gardens, a park. The abbey is a shrine to Saint Edmund, the Saxon King of the East Angles.

The abbey was sacked by the townspeople in the 14th century, and then largely destroyed during the 16th century with the Dissolution of the Monasteries, but Bury remained prosperous throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, falling into relative decline with the Industrial Revolution. Cathedral St Edmundsbury Cathedral from the east Main article: Bury St Edmunds Cathedral Bury St Edmunds Cathedral was created when the Diocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich was formed in 1914.

The cathedral was extended with an eastern end in the 1960s, commemorated by Benjamin Britten's Fanfare for St Edmundsbury.

A new Gothic revival cathedral tower was built as part of a Millennium project running from 2000 to 2005. The opening for the tower took place in July 2005, and included a brass band concert and fireworks. Parts of the cathedral remain uncompleted, including the cloisters. Many areas remain inaccessible to the public due to building work. The tower makes St Edmundsbury the only recently completed Anglican cathedral in the UK.

Only a handful of Gothic revival cathedrals are being built worldwide. The tower was constructed using original fabrication techniques by six masons who placed the machine-pre-cut stone individually as they arrived.

St. Mary's Church Main article: St. Mary's Church, Bury St. Edmunds St. Mary's Church is the civic church of Bury St. Edmunds and the third largest parish church in England.

It was part of the abbey complex and originally was one of three large churches in the town (the others being St. James, now St. Edmundsbury Cathedral, and St. Margaret's, now gone). Culture The Theatre Royal, Bury St Edmunds was built by National Gallery architect William Wilkins in 1819.

It is the sole surviving Regency Theatre in the country . The theatre, owned by the Greene King brewery, is leased to the National Trust for a nominal charge, and underwent restoration between 2005 and 2007. It presents a full programme of performances and is also open for public tours. Theatre Royal, Bury St Edmunds exterior. Moyse's Hall Museum is one of the oldest (c. 1180) domestic buildings in East Anglia open to the public. It has collections of fine art, for example Mary Beale, costume, e.g.

Charles Frederick Worth, horology, local and social history; including Red Barn Murder and Witchcraft. Bury St Edmunds Art Gallery is located in The Market Cross, restored by Robert Adam in the late 1700s. The Gallery was established in 1972 and today hosts a programme of changing contemporary art and craft exhibitions and events by British and international artists. Artists featured in the Gallery have included Cornelia Parker, David Batchelor, Anri Sala and Mark Fairnington.

The town holds a festival in May. This including concerts, plays, dance, and lecturers culminating in fireworks. Bury St Edmunds is home to England's oldest Scout group, 1st Bury St Edmunds (Mayors Own). The town's main football club, Bury Town, is the fourth oldest non-league team in England.

They are members of the Isthmian League Premier Division. Team Bury, associated with the football academy at West Suffolk College play in Division One of the Eastern Counties League. Suffolk County Cricket Club play occasional games at the Victory Ground which is also the home ground of Bury St Edmunds Cricket Club. Early view of Moyses Hall, today Moyses Hall Museum Local economy Brewing The Nutshell pub The UK's largest British-owned brewery, Greene King, is situated in Bury, as is the smaller Old Cannon Brewery.

Just outside the town, on the site of RAF Bury St Edmunds, is Bartrums Brewery, originally based in Thurston. Another beer-related landmark is Britain's smallest public house, The Nutshell, which is on The Traverse, just off the marketplace. It is allegedly the smallest pub in Britain and also believed to be haunted.

Sugar beet Bury's largest landmark is the British Sugar factory near the A14, which processes sugar beet into refined crystal sugar. It was built in 1925 when the town's MP, Walter Guinness, was Minister of Agriculture. It processes beet from 1,300 growers.

660 lorry-loads of beet can be accepted each day when beet is being harvested. Not all the beet can be crystallised immediately, and some is kept in solution in holding tanks until late spring and early summer, when the plant has spare crystallising capacity.

The sugar is sold under the Silver Spoon name (the other major British brand, Tate & Lyle, is made from imported sugar cane). By-products include molassed sugar beet feed for cattle and LimeX70, a soil improver. The factory has its own power station, which powers around 110,000 homes. A smell of burnt starch from the plant is noticeable on some days. Notable people The Abbeygate, a local symbol of the town Notable people from Bury St Edmunds include author Norah Lofts, who though actually born in Shipdham Norfolk, bases many of her stories in Baildon, the fictionalised Bury St Edmunds, artist Rose Mead, artist and printer Sybil Andrews, actors Bob Hoskins and Michael Maloney theatre director Sir Peter Hall, author Maria Lousie de la Ramé (also known as Ouida), Canadian journalist and author Richard Gwyn, cyclist James Moore, general Guy Simonds, footballer Andy Marshall and the 18th-century landscape architect Humphry Repton, Bishop of Winchester and Lord High Chancellor Stephen Gardiner, as well as Thomas Clarkson fact-finder behind the abolition of the slave trade.

Though born in , actor John Le Mesurier grew up in the town. Although not from Bury St Edmunds, BBC Radio 1 DJ John Peel lived nearby in Great Finborough and, on 12 November 2004, his funeral took place at the cathedral. It was attended by approximately a thousand people including many artists he had championed.

During a peak of local musical activity in Bury St Edmunds in 2002, he referred (tongue-in-cheek) to the town as 'The New Seattle'. Notable bands from Bury St Edmunds include Jacob's Mouse, Miss Black America, The Dawn Parade and Kate Jackson of The Long Blondes. Education Unlike most of England, which operates a two tier school system, state education in Bury St Edmunds and its catchment area is a three-tier system.

Upper schools include King Edward VI, St Benedict's and County Upper School. Middle schools include Hardwick; Howard Middle; St James; St Louis; Westley Middle and Horringer Court Middle School, a training school.

The public school Culford School is located just north of the town in the village of Culford. Primary Schools Howard Community Primary School, Westgate and Tollgate.

West Suffolk College and West Suffolk House are the town's provider of further and higher education. • • ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition.

• ^ Statham, Margaret (1988). The Book of Bury St Edmunds. Buckingham, England: Barracuda Books. pp. 12 –13. . • Thompson, Roger, Mobility & Migration, East Anglian Founders of New England, 1629-1640, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1994. • Thompson, Roger, Mobility & Migration, East Anglian Founders of New England, 1629-1640, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1994, 18.

• Notestein, Wallace A History of Witchcraft In England from 1558 to 1718 , American Historical Association 1911 (reissued 1965) New York Russell & Russell , ISBN 8240954829816 • . St Edmundsbury Borough Council . . Retrieved 2007-12-30. • . BBC News Online. 1974-03-03 . . Retrieved 2008-07-24. • • Thewlis, Jo.

. Bury Free Press . . Retrieved 2008-01-14. • Marais, Kirsty. . Bury Free Press . . Retrieved 2008-01-14. • • (PDF). English Nature . . Retrieved 2008-01-22. • Knott, Simon. . Archived from on 2007-12-03 . . Retrieved 2007-12-30.

• ">2003 Heatwave". DOI:. • Rogers, Simon (2010-12-21). . The Guardian (London) . . Retrieved 2011-02-23. • . YR.NO . . Retrieved 23 Feb 2011. • . WorldClimate . . Retrieved 23 Feb 2011. • Dictionary, reference. . . Retrieved 2010-09-15. • dorothea, david. . . Retrieved 2010-09-15. • • Bury Free Press • . St Edmundsbury Borough Council . . Retrieved 2007-12-30. • . Bury Town F.C. . . Retrieved 2008-03-17. • Chemical Engineering Department, University of Cambridge • at the • at the • . Britain Express .

. Retrieved 2008-08-13. • Mee, Arthur, The King's England, Suffolk, Our Farthest East, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1947 (reprint), 89. • retrieved 19 November 2008 • Briggs, Caroline (2004-11-12). . BBC News Online . . Retrieved 2008-01-14. • . . Retrieved 2008-03-25.

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A Jewel in the Crown of Suffolk Surrounded by countryside with 1,000 years of history to explore, Bury St Edmunds offers visitors award-winning restaurants, fantastic shopping, annual festivals, and stunning parks. Admire the magnificent St Edmundsbury Cathedral, discover the legend of St Edmund, and stand among the ruins of the 11th Century Abbey of St Edmund, once one of the most important monasteries in medieval Europe, set in the stunning Abbey Gardens.

With the beautiful medieval wool towns on our doorstep, Bury St Edmunds is truly 'a jewel in the crown of Suffolk'. Subscribe to our email newsletter above to get news, events, offers and competitions straight to your inbox.

best dating bury street edmunds suffolk england ip33 1nx

Opening Times 01/01/0001 00:00 - 00:00 Sunday - 23 December 23/12/2018 08:00 - 01:00 Monday - Christmas Eve 24/12/2018 08:00 - 01:00 Tuesday - Christmas Day 25/12/2018 11:00 - 15:00 Wednesday - Boxing Day 26/12/2018 09:00 - 23:30 Tuesday - New Year's Day 01/01/2019 09:00 - 23:30 *Please note: actual opening hours are subject to change.

For confirmation, please contact the pub. Our History This grade I listed monument was designed by Ellis & Woodward and built by Lot Jackaman at a cost of £7,000. It stands on the site of The Shambles (or market) which occupied three sides of the site. The Corn Exchange opened for business in July 1862.

The floor in the hall was inserted in 1969, and there are now shops on the ground floor. These premises were refurbished in June 2010.

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