Deportation of illegal immigrants is one of the most supported solution to illegal immigration. The view is widely supported in that it was the major strategy for President Trump during the last years election campaign. However, this solution is not feasible. For instance, in the United States, there are millions of illegal immigrants They are able to live in the United States undetected as the country does not have strict rules that apply to those who overstay in the country. Thus, a solution to this problem would be to put in place mechanisms that keep in constant communication with those in the country on a temporary basis. Furthermore, the government can implement systems that are able to effectively track down people who are overstaying in illegally.
Many illegal immigrants in Germany come from Africa, Eastern Europe or Latin America. Most of them start off with a tourist visa and end up hiding out here illegally. According to estimates by aid organizations, around one million foreigners live in German without proper resident permits or visas.
They are reluctant to speak about their often catastrophic situation for fear of being deported. Frida is one example. She's African and, five years ago, was living in slave-like conditions in her home country: she was not permitted to leave the house and had no money of her own. She fled and came to Germany to stay with her aunt. Once here, she met her now fiancé -- it was love at first sight. That is still the only way illegal immigrants can gain citizenship here -- to marry a German.
Another option -- for women -- is to have a child with a German man. Illegal immigra n ts face deportatio n German Office for Migration and Refugees If they do not have proper papers, illegal immigrants will be deported since they are committing a criminal offense by staying in the country. Only so-called "deportation barriers" can protract them, said Reinhard Marx, an immigration lawyer. "Legal deportation barriers include protection for internally displaced persons or asylum-seekers or protection from threats to immigrants' lives, such as torture, should they face it in their home countries," Marx said.
"On the other hand, there are the rules governing the situation here: such as when an immigrant is sick or pregnant, making it inadvisable to deport that person due to health reasons." Illegal immigrants whose identities are not confirmed or who cannot reach their home countries due to disrupted transportation routes, and therefore cannot leave the country, are given a temporary stay permit.
Turkish women in Berlin-Kreuzberg Many of the illegal immigrants who come to Germany have followed relatives who are now living legally in the country. The largest group of illegal aliens are Turkish people, said Ute Koch of an organization called "Living Illegally." "There are children and older people who want to live with their relatives residing in Germany, but due to strict regulations illegal immigration is often the only thing left open to them," she said.
"The possibilities for legal migration are very limited." Lose-lose situatio n Once in the country, illegal aliens keep a low profile. They cannot protest if they are paid too little or not at all for their work, as they risk deportation. Employers often take advantage of the dilemma. When ill, illegal immigrants are forced to find a doctor who will treat them anonymously and who expects private payment, which most immigrants cannot afford.
They therefore often wait until it is almost too late to receive proper treatment. That was the case with Frida. She had stomach pains for a long time and just took pain killers. She collapsed one day in the city; an ambulance took her to the hospital. Doctors discovered that she had gall stones. She left the hospital after two days, for which she had to pay 500 euros ($630), and still had not had an operation. She continued to live with the pain until an aid organization arranged for surgery.
Her gall bladder was already perforated; had she let any more time pass, she would have died. Not only had she not been able to pay for the operation -- Frida also feared police would track her down in the hospital.
Though Frida has just married and has a legal residence permit, she is still scared to talk. The years of living illegally have made their mark. Public kindergartens and schools are also required to notify police of children or families without proper resident permits. The result: illegal immigrant children do not receive education, and are forced to stay inside out of fear of drawing attention to themselves by not being in school as required for minors.
Restricti n g illegal immigratio n harms the eco n omy One would think the easiest solution would be to crack down on illegal aliens even more. But like in the United States, the demand for them is great. Illegal immigrants provide cheap labor and do the work most Germans avoid, Thomas Straubhaar of the Hamburg Institute of International Economics, said. "Even if it sounds odd, it's true that -- given the current regulations -- Germany is dependent on illegal employment of foreign laborers," Straubhaar said.
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top 10 Solutions to the Illegal Immigration Top 10 Solutions to Illegal Immigration in the USA Illegal immigration has long been a problem in the U.S. Although the number of people living in the country illegally has slowed sharply during the recession, new estimates show signs of continuing rebound.
According to the data released by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (), the number of unauthorized immigrants went up from 10.8 million in 2009 to 11.4 million in 2012. Sure, the government provides legislative policies to deal with the problem, but it seems that despite its good intentions, illegal immigration remains to be a problem in America. What should the government do to finally stop illegal immigration? The truth is there’s ‘no easy way’ to fix this long-standing issue, but there’s definitely a way or ways to solve it.
Let’s examine some of our options: 10. Strengthen Border Security. Put Drones on the Border. ‘Merica!! In response to the events of 9/11 and the increasing population of illegal aliens, the government of the United States has steadily increased its efforts to enhance national security over the past years. The Secure Fence Act of 2006, signed into law by George W.
Bush, mandated the construction of 652 miles of fences along our Southern borders. And as of February 2012, DHS has completed 651 miles of barriers.
According to DHS, the number of Border Patrol agents protecting the U.S. borders has also reached its target to more than 20,000, most of who are assigned along the Mexico-United States border. In addition, more guard posts, vehicle barriers, and technologically-advanced tools, such as drones, cameras, and sensors, have been provided to effectively monitor the boundaries.
President Barrack Obama claimed that the country has now “strengthened border security beyond what many believed was possible.” However, with the continuously increasing number of illegal border crossings, many believe that the nation’s security remains porous.
The Mexico-United States Border has a total length of 1,954 miles. As a solution to the never-ending illegal crossings, many people suggest for a fence covering the entire length of the boundary – which means a 1954-mile barrier. But of course, to accomplish that, it would cost America billions of dollars, not to mention the cost of maintenance, additional reinforcement, and high-tech equipment.
But as what Charles Krauthammer, a political commentator and award-winning columnist, said, “It’s not complicated. Build the damn fence.” 9. Make Illegals Self-Deport. Make Illegals Self Deport Another solution that is being highly debated right now to reduce the number of illegal immigrants is to deport them. According to Joe Guzzardi, an English teacher in California, deportation is as easy as one, two, three.
First, you go where illegal immigrants are; second, you arrest them; and third, you deport them. There’s no need for mass deportations. Just like what Guzzardi said, you just arrest one or two illegals every day, and eventually, the message will get out.
However, with more than 11 million illegal immigrants currently residing in the U.S., removing them just like that from the country still seems to be impossible and impractical. Plus, the government has no strict penalty for being an illegal.
If you deport them, they just keep coming back. So here’s an alternate idea – make illegals self-deport. The concept was actually introduced by Mitt Romney, which means you make life for illegal immigrants harder and unbearable that they will leave the country VOLUNTARILY. It’s one of the most talked about issues in America today, and many are in complete support about this proposed solution as they believe that it’s the answer to reducing the number of illegals, who have entered and are entering the country.
There are many different ways to do this, such as putting firewalls to computer systems that prohibit people with unverified status from accessing them, or asking for a proof of citizenship before receiving health treatment, or simply implementing tougher employment terms since they come here to get jobs in the first place. Yes, if you want to see millions of illegal immigrants out of the country immediately, then make life as difficult as possible for them to live in here.
8. Implement A Better Job Program. Get a better jobs program to solve immigration problem Contrary to the above solution, one other way to reduce the number of illegal immigrants is to create a new or better job program. Many people believe that the United States is the land of opportunities – better job, better education, better life. And that’s the reason why so many people are migrating in the country.
In fact, many of them even risk their lives just to get in here and make a living to support themselves and their families. As we all know, there are millions of illegal immigrants in the country looking for better employment and opportunities, and with the different solutions that most debaters propose in order to stop this problem, we rarely hear about job-related proposals. Debates on the subject always center about amnesty, enforcement immigration laws, and border security.
We forget to realize that the main reason why these people flock here is because of job. And isn’t it just fair to give these people a chance whose the only reason for illegally entering the country is to have a better life for themselves and their families? So rather than spending funds for hiring more patrol borders and wasting time in proposing impractical illegal immigration solutions, why not create a much more effective job program that will open opportunities to non-U.S.
workers, so they would no longer have to enter the U.S. territory illegally? 7. Improve Work Visa Program. Fix the Work Visa Issue America is the home of immigrants, but the entry system of the country is broken that’s why many illegals could enter.
Not all illegal immigrants sneak or swim across the border. As many as half of them arrive with legal documents, including passport and visa, that permit them to enter the U.S. territory. When their visa expires, they simply not leave the country and become illegal aliens.
That’s one of the dirty strategies that half of the illegal immigrants are doing for several decades now – and that’s actually easy for them to do because the government doesn’t have strict rules when it comes to tracking down people who overstay in the country, and if they do, I don’t think the rules are strict enough.
If so, why there are millions of people in the U.S., who overstay their visas? If you go to the U.S. and choose to stay even when your visa expires, chances are the government would have no idea that you’re still in its territory. In fact, even your neighbor wouldn’t know that you’re overstaying, especially if you act normal as others. The government should implement a better system that will effectively track down people who overstay their visas.
Even if it means spending more funds and hiring more people, the government should push it in order to stop illegal immigration. Another solution is to implement much more strict immigration rules, including interviews, background checks, verification of employment, etc. Unless the government and other responsible agencies start to implement better visa programs, it would be hard or worse, impossible for us to eliminate this illegal immigration problem.
6. Authorize The Use Of Armed Forces On The Border. Put Armed Troops on the Border to Solve Illegal Immigration The number of illegal immigrants in the United States is massive and currently out-of-control.
Despite the large number of National Guard troops sent by Bush and Obama on the southern and northern borders, the population of 11 million illegal immigrants living in the country is continuously growing – (at least about 700, 000 per year).
Although the purpose for this deployment is to better protect our borders, it is seemingly quite ineffective to prevent illegal crossings.
Because of this, many concerned individuals are urging the use of military to effectively secure our borders. The construction of 1954-mile barrier is meaningless if it is not monitored properly because illegal immigrants will always find a way to trespass. And let’s all remember that not all illegal immigrants come here just because of job. Some of them come here to become part of drug trafficking, document fraud, and other criminal activities.
The use of armed forces is not only to protect our borders, but also reduce the growing number of these illegal activities. While the use of armed forces may increase the possibility of violence, it will also create an effective deterrent to anyone wanting to illegally cross our borders.
5. Authorize The Use Of Volunteer Civilian Groups. Allow the Use of Civilians on the Border to Solve Illegal Immigration It’s true that despite the enormous effort of the government to stop illegal immigration, it is still easy to get into the U.S. territory. Every day, thousands of people illegally cross the southern and northern borders.
While most of them are entering simply because of the search of a better life, their actions adversely affect the lives of others. Farmers and ranchers, who live along the borders, suffer daily due to illegal immigration. Illegal immigrants destroy fences and gates, leave massive amount of trash, vandalize properties, steal livestock, and damage water pipes.
There are even instances that they kidnap innocent victims for ransom. Almost daily, ranch owners have to deal with these problems, which make their lives in the field really hard.
This is the very reason why various civilian groups have emerged to try and solve this issue where the federal authorities have effectively failed. And these civilian patrol groups are uniting to fight against this never-ending illegal entry. While civilian patrol groups are not legally authorized to conduct their activities, many concerned citizens support their action to increase our borders’ security.
According to law, we, as citizens, have the right to defend ourselves, protect our properties, and make an arrest in case of breaches of the peace. And as what Jim Gilchrist, a retired accountant and decorated Vietnam War veteran who is helping recruit Minutemen across the country, said, “I felt the only way to get something done was to do it yourself.” 4.
Strengthen Interior Enforcement. To solve Illegal immigration improve internal enforcement of the law The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) of 1996 added the 287(g) provision that provides authority for state and local law enforcement agencies to investigate, detain, and arrest illegal aliens. However, it’s a completely voluntary program that only encourages state and local law officials to participate if they want to be involved in immigration enforcement.
Since the program began, only about 1,300 police officers have been trained by ICE. As we all know, there are millions of illegal immigrants currently residing in the U.S. today; and with having only 5,000 active agents, who are enforcing immigration laws in the interior of our territory, it is really impossible to eliminate them all. Perhaps, one way to finally stop illegal immigration is to pressure the government to fully enforce immigration laws and expand the 287(g) program by obligating state and local law enforcement entities to enter into a partnership agreement with ICE – because the truth is, we need state and local police badly.
3. Mandate E-Verify. To solve illegal immigration implement e-verify We already have an effective system in place that prevents illegals from obtaining employment in the U.S. illegally – and this is called E-verify.
It is an internet-based program that is operated by the Department of Homeland Security () and Social Security Administration (). E-verify helps employers determine if the employee is eligible to work in the country by comparing the information from the employee’s I-9 to data from U.S. government records. It is an effective system; however, not everyone is using it. The use of E-verify is not mandatory in all states. Instead, companies are only encouraged to participate voluntarily. Since the introduction of the program, more than 500,000 E-verify users across the U.S.
are now using it. While this figure is not small, a lot of people still think that it is not enough to stop the undocumented immigrants from entering the U.S. soil.
Many believe that one of the answers to stop this issue is to eliminate the reason why these illegals come here in the first place – and that’s employment.
If the government will require all employers to use E-verify, illegal immigrants will get a difficult time finding a job. And once they have no jobs, they will not have anything to support themselves and their families, and thus, eventually force them to leave the country.
Of course, those employers who will not follow the rules must also be given tough criminal penalties to make this solution more effective. Sometimes, greedy employers are the reasons why there are illegal immigrants in the country. They hire them for cheap labor, that’s why they keep on coming back.
If the government will implement laws that will mandate all employers to use E-verify and punish greedy employers by hiring illegal workers, our problem with illegal immigration will get solved.
It’s simple: If they cannot get jobs, they will self-deport back to their home. 2. Eliminate Illegal Immigration Rewards. To stop illegal immigration get rid of the birthright reward The continuing practice of hiring illegal workers, granting automatic citizenship to babies of illegal aliens born within our borders, and providing public benefits to them, have become as what they say “a magnet” of illegal immigration.
They come here and remain here in large numbers because they believe that it is the place of opportunities. In a way, we can’t blame them. With all the benefits we provide, we’re giving them vindication that what they believe is true – that America is the land of milk and honey. If the government wants to really put an end to illegal immigration, then it should put an end to that practice – never provide illegal immigration rewards.
We already know that illegal immigrants come here because of the so many rights and privileges we provide them. If we eliminate those benefits, together with strengthening our interior security, fewer illegals will enter the territory and more will even leave voluntarily. 1. Legalize Them. Solve Illegal Immigration by Legalizing undocumented One issue that has been at the center of debates for several years now is the legalization of illegal immigrants. Recently, President Obama made an announcement about allowing almost half of the 11 million illegal immigrants living in the United States remain in the country, provided, of course, they pass a criminal background check and pay taxes.
As expected, not everybody agrees with the president’s decision. Many believe that it will only make the problem much worse, as it creates a motivation for illegal aliens to enter the country. But instead of questioning this solution, why don’t we look at the bright side of it? While this may be contradictory to some of the solutions mentioned above, it could be a potential solution.
Immigration benefits our country a lot. It creates more jobs, opens more opportunities, generates more economic revenue, makes the country more productive, makes our economy more flexible, and offers a mix of cultural benefits. So why not give these illegal immigrants a chance to live out of the shadow and have a better future? Legalization would allow these people to contribute in our economy through increased work force, additional taxes, and additional investments.
As mentioned, there’s no easy way to solve this problem, but we have to do something to finally end this. Those that are mentioned above are only a few of the proposed solutions that could end our problem about illegal immigration, and there’s a lot more out there that could potentially fix it. All that we have to do is make a move. Unless we do something, the problem will not go away. For more information about President Obama’s Deferred Action for Parental Accountability (DAPA) Executive order
Scott Olson, Getty Images With the controversy over family separations, much of the political rhetoric in recent weeks has focused on illegal immigration. We thought it would be helpful to take a step back and look at some measures of illegal immigration in a larger context.
For example, how many immigrants live in the U.S. illegally, and how many are caught each year trying to cross the Southwest border? How many of them are families or unaccompanied children?
And how have these statistics changed over time? Let’s take a look at the numbers. How many immigrants are living in the U.S.
illegally? There were 12.1 million immigrants living in the country illegally as of January 2014, according to the most recent estimate from the Department of Homeland Security. The estimates from two independent groups are similar: The Pew Research Center estimates the number at 11.1 million in 2014, and the Center for Migration Studies says there were 11 million people in 2015 living in the U.S.
illegally. That would be about 3.5 percent to 3.8 percent of the total U.S. population in 2014. All three groups use Census Bureau data on the foreign-born or noncitizens and adjust to subtract the legal immigrant population.
And all three groups say the population of immigrants living in the country illegally has been relatively stable since about 2008-2009. DHS estimated that the population had increased by 500,000 people total from 2010 to 2014, which “reflects relative stability,” especially when compared with 500,000-person increases each year on average from 2000 to 2007.
The Pew Research Center found a peak of 12.2 million in the population in 2007, decreases for 2008 and 2009, and then a “relative stability” since then. All three groups find Mexicans make up the majority of the undocumented population — 55 percent in 2014, according to DHS — but the number and share of Mexicans among this population has been declining in recent years.
Those living in the country illegally also have increasingly been here for 10 years or more. DHS says more than 75 percent in 2014 have lived in the U.S. for more than a decade, and only 5 percent came to the country over the previous five years. The Pew Research Center has slightly different figures, but they show the same trend.
“This overall change has been fueled by the decline in new unauthorized immigrants,” it says, “especially those from Mexico.” How many people are crossing the border illegally?
There’s no official measure of how many people succeed in illegally crossing the border, but authorities use the number of apprehensions to gauge changes in illegal immigration. Apprehensions on the Southwest border peaked in 2000 at 1.64 million and have generally declined since, totaling 303,916 in 2017. Those numbers, which come from the U.S.
Customs and Border Protection, are for fiscal years and date back to 1960. That’s an 81.5 percent decline in the number of apprehensions between the peak in 2000 and 2017. We can also look at how the figures have changed over the past several years. Under the Obama administration, the yearly apprehensions on the Southwest border declined by 35 percent from calendar year 2008, the year before President Obama took office, through the end of 2016.
In President Donald Trump’s first full year in office, the apprehensions declined by 43 percent, from calendar year 2016 to 2017. More: Fact check: Is illegal immigration linked to more or less crime? More: Fact check: Did the Obama administration separate families? On a monthly basis, the apprehensions decreased significantly during the first six months of Trump’s tenure and then began to rise back in line with the level of apprehensions from 2016.
What about people overstaying their visas? As border apprehensions have declined, estimates show a growing proportion of the undocumented population legally entered the country on visas but overstayed the time limits on those visas. A Center for Migration Studies report estimates that 44 percent of those in living in the U.S. illegally in 2015 were visa overstays. That’s up from an estimated 41 percent in 2008. The CMS report, written by Robert Warren, a former director of the U.S.
Immigration and Naturalization Service’s statistics division, says 65 percent of net arrivals — those joining the undocumented population — from 2008 to 2015 were visa overstays. There are no solid, long-term estimates of the visa overstay problem. When we wrote about this issue in August 2015, DHS told us it didn’t have statistics on visa overstays. But DHS has since issued some estimates. It said that about 629,000 people on visas who were expected to leave in fiscal year 2016 hadn’t done so by the end of that fiscal year (that’s out of 50.4 million arrivals).
That number, however, had declined to about 545,000 by January 2017, DHS said, noting that it expected the estimate to “shift over time as additional information is reported.” CMS disputed the DHS estimate, finding that the number was too high.
What about families trying to cross the border illegally? The number of family units apprehended has increased since fiscal year 2013, the first year for which we have such data. While 3.6 percent of those apprehended in 2013 were in a family unit, the proportion was 24.9 percent in 2017. In fiscal year 2013, according to Customs and Border Protection data, there were 14,855 people apprehended on the Southwest border who were part of a “family unit” — those are individuals, including children under 18, parents or legal guardians, apprehended with a family member.
The number increased significantly in fiscal year 2014 to 68,445. Then, it dropped the following year to 39,838, before increasing again in fiscal year 2016 to 77,674. The figure was similar in 2017, and it’s on track to again top 70,000 this fiscal year.
We asked Customs and Border Protection if it could provide family unit figures for years prior to 2013. We have not received a response. How many unaccompanied children are caught trying to cross the border? Using the same time period that we have for family units, the number of children under age 18 apprehended crossing the border without a parent or legal guardian was about the same in fiscal year 2013 as it was in 2017 — around 40,000.
But it fluctuated in the years in between. In 2014, the Obama administration dealt with a surge of unaccompanied minors on the Southwest border, largely due to those fleeing violence and poverty in the “northern triangle” of Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador and false rumors about “permits” being issued, as we explained at the time.
The number of apprehended unaccompanied children rose from 38,759 in fiscal year 2013 to 68,541 in fiscal year 2014. It went back down to just under 40,000 the following year. It’s on track to be similar in fiscal 2018. CBP data for unaccompanied children go back further than the available statistics on family units.
In fiscal year 2010, the number of unaccompanied children apprehended was 18,411. How many unaccompanied children, including children separated from their parents, are being held in shelters in the U.S.? Unaccompanied children are referred to the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Refugee Resettlement. HHS said during a conference call on June 26 that there were 11,800 children in ORR shelters, with 2,047 of those being children who had been separated from their parents.
The rest — about 83 percent — had crossed the border without a parent or legal guardian. The ORR program houses the children in about 100 shelters in 14 states. In May, an HHS official told Congress that children had spent an average of 57 days in such shelters in fiscal 2018 before being placed with a sponsor, who could be a parent, another relative or a non-family member.
About 80 percent or more of the unaccompanied children referred to HHS over the last several years have been age 13 and older, according to HHS statistics, and about 90 percent or more have been from Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador. Is there recidivism? Yes. Customs and Border Patrol says 10 percent of those apprehended in fiscal year 2017 were caught more than once that year.
In 2016, the figure was 12 percent. How many border patrol agents are there? In fiscal year 2017, there were 19,437 border patrol agents. The number peaked in fiscal year 2011 at 21,444, so it has declined a bit since then. But the number of agents is still much larger than it was about two decades ago. The vast majority of agents are assigned to the Southwest border.
Back in fiscal year 2000, when apprehensions peaked at 1.64 million, there were 8,580 agents assigned to the border with Mexico. In 2017, when apprehensions were 303,916, there were 16,605 Southwest border agents. How many people are deported each year? The Department of Homeland Security says 340,056 people were removed from the U.S. in fiscal 2016. A “removal” is “the compulsory and confirmed movement of an inadmissible or deportable alien out of the United States based on an order of removal.” (See Table 39 of the 2016 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics.) There are also “returns,” which are “inadmissible or deportable” immigrants who leave voluntarily before a formal removal order is issued.
Returns totaled 106,167 that year. The peak for combined removals and returns was 1.86 million in fiscal 2000 — the same year that apprehensions on the Southwest border also peaked. In fact, the bar graph of these statistics mirrors the graph on apprehensions (see above) — generally, when apprehensions were higher, so, too, were removals and returns. Since fiscal 2011, removals have been higher each year than returns.
Before that, the reverse was true.
This Immigrant Left the U.S. To Seek Asylum In Canada And Regrets It (HBO)