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23113 & 23114 Website It was named for the early 18th-century enterprises of the Wooldridge brothers. They called their new venture the Mid-Lothian Mining and Manufacturing Company, and employed free and enslaved people to do the deadly work of digging underground. Midlothian is the site of the first commercially-mined coal in the and in what became the United States. By the early 18th century, several mines were being developed by French and others.
The mine owners began to export the commodity from the region in the 1730s. Midlothian-area coal heated the U.S. for President . The transportation needs of coal shipping stimulated construction of an early , the in 1807; and the , the state's first in 1831; each to travel the 13 miles (21 km) from the mining community to the port of , just below the of the . In the early 1850s, the built Coalfield Station near the mines.
In the 1920s, the old turnpike was renamed the Midlothian Turnpike and became part of the new east-west . A few decades later, residential neighborhoods were developed near Midlothian, including the large Salisbury community and the planned development sited on Swift Creek Reservoir. In the 21st century, Midlothian extends many miles beyond the original village area.
connects the community with and the toll road, and in the Richmond metropolitan area's southwestern quadrant. Midlothian is located in the geologic region of the state, and is made up of mainly a hilled, fertile land (it is somewhat of a .) It is located on the , which is one of the . It contains some and coal. Watersheds The Midlothian area serves as the headwaters to a number of creeks which ultimately contribute their waters to the flow of the below the fall line at Richmond.
These include Swift Creek and . The Swift Creek Reservoir serves as the major source of fresh water for the county. As of the 2010 census, the community had a total population of 58,880. Midlothian's demographics are much like 's. Its inhabitants are predominantly European American. The next biggest group is African Americans, followed by people of Hispanic and Asian descent. The median household income per year in 2005 was $80,381.
The traditional core of the Village of Midlothian on is between two major shopping malls developed later. Midlothian has many ; Some examples off Route 60 include Briarwood, Roxshire, and Salisbury to the north; and Walton Park, Queensmill, and Stonehenge West to the south. and are communities on (also known as Hull St Rd). Midlothian was ranked #37 in 's list of "The Best Places to Live" in 2005 and #99 in 2008.
In 2004, completion of State Route 288 connected Midlothian to the circumferential highway network of . Development was controversial, and some residents wanted to avoid the scale seen in Northern Virginia. After years of discussion, in March 2006 Chesterfield County approved intensive zoning for the Watkins Centre, promoted as a large, mixed-use office complex and retail "lifestyle center" at the intersection of Route 288 and U.S.
60, 2 miles (3.2 km) west of the Village of Midlothian. With the addition of the multimillion-dollar Bon Secours Hospital, St. Francis, Midlothian has a major hospital within five minutes of Midlothian's highest concentration of residents. , part of located in Midlothian, won the President's Blue Ribbon School of Excellence Award in 2000. In 2015, , also located in Midlothian, received this recognition. Before the arrival of Europeans in the 17th century, the area had been populated for thousands of years by various cultures of .
Among these in historic times were the -speaking tribe. They often came into conflict with the -speaking members of the , who were generally located to the east in the Virginia area. In 1700 and after, settlers, who were , came to the area in the Virginia Colony to escape religious persecution in France. Most came from London, where they had resettled as refugees. Although the Crown had offered the French land in , the governor of the colony and offered them the village of Manakin Town, which had been abandoned by the Monacan.
Byrd and the governor intended to use the French as a buffer settlement, and thought they would be easier to control apart from the English. The location was about 20 miles (32 km) above the on the James River at what became Richmond.
The French, many of whom were artisans and merchants, struggled to survive on the isolated frontier. The terrain was hilly and largely wooded, and shipping of farm products such as crops was not easy.
The greater natural resource in the Midlothian area was coal, and the area was ultimately developed with coal mining and . About 10 miles (16 km) west of the fall line of the James River at present-day Richmond is a basin of coal, which was one of the earliest mined in the Virginia Colony.
Scots settlers with mining skills began to mine this resource in the 18th century. Many coal-related enterprises in the Midlothian area of Chesterfield County began early in the 18th century. Coal mining The Village area of today's Midlothian started as a settlement of coal miners in the 18th century. In 1709, Midlothian produced the first commercially mined coal in the United States.
Among other participants in the area's emerging coal business was , a businessman who emigrated from England about 1759. He established offices at and Manchester, where several generations of his family were also involved in the business. During the , coal produced in the Midlothian coal pits supplied the cannon factory on the James River at , upstream from Richmond; it produced shot and shells for the . By the end of the War, developers shipped Chesterfield coal to Philadelphia, New York, Boston and to every city in Virginia.
Commenting on the area's coal in his Notes on the State of Virginia (1781–82), then-Governor stated: "The country on James river, from 15 to 20 miles above Richmond, and for several miles northward and southward, is replete with mineral coal of a very excellent quality." During his presidency, Jefferson ordered coal from the in Midlothian for use in the .
The coalfield west of Richmond extended north of the James River to the western portion of . There, mines were worked at Gayton and Deep Run. In 1796, famed engineer and architect toured the coal fields outside Richmond, declaring enthusiastically, "Such a mine of Wealth exists, I believe, nowhere else!" By 1835, seven or eight major mines were operating in the Midlothian area.
Coal was the economic basis of the Midlothian area until the late 19th century when mining ended. Later attempts to reopen the mines were unsuccessful. The railroad connected the town to Richmond for shipping coal, and residents later used it to travel to the capital for work. The town became one of commuters. Early roads, first turnpike, and railroads In 1804, a toll road, , was built from Manchester to Falling Creek to ease traffic on what is now Old Buckingham Road.
It was graveled in 1807, making it Virginia's first hard-surfaced road. That road's descendant is known as , present-day U.S. Route 60. By 1824, an estimated 70 to 100 wagons, each of which was loaded with four or five tons of coal, made a daily trip on the , transporting to the docks near Manchester the million or more bushels (30,000 metric tons) of coal that were produced in Chesterfield County each year. The heavily loaded coal wagons tended to cut deep ruts in the turnpike, raising clouds of dust in summer and churning the road into mud in the rainy season.
As there were few options for , citizens whose faster buggies dawdled along behind the lumbering wagons urged the to do something about it—a canal, a better road, but something. The result was the Chesterfield Railroad, a 13 miles (21 km) mule- and gravity-powered line that connected the Midlothian coal mines with wharves located at Manchester, directly across from Richmond.
Partially funded by the , the railroad began operating in 1831, the first in the state. By 1852, the newer, steam-driven (R&D) began operation to Coalfield Station, later renamed Midlothian; it quickly supplanted the slower Chesterfield Railroad.
In a financial reorganization in 1894, the R&D line through Midlothian became part of the system. It is now part of . According to the 1895 Virginia atlas, the population of Midlothian was 375. 20th century: village becomes suburban area In the 20th century, coal mining declined. The area became less populated, remaining largely wooded with farms scattered along mostly rural and dirt roads. Gradually, post-war construction of the highway network and the growth of metropolitan Richmond brought subdivision residential development.
When the was created in 1965, the availability of water and sewer service accelerated residential growth, with built in 1975. The expansion of the area assigned to the Midlothian post office caused a much larger area to be considered "Midlothian" than the village along the turnpike, now designated U.S.
Route 60. In 1988, an extension of the and widening of Midlothian Turnpike and Hull Street Road () provided much-needed highway infrastructure. The area continued to attract new residents as forests were cleared for the development of subdivisions. Historic landmarks Chesterfield County Historic Landmarks in the Midlothian area include: • • • Bellgrade Plantation, 11500 West Huguenot Road • • , 11940 Old Buckingham Road • • , 16300 Midlothian Turnpike • Ivymont Manor, 14111 Midlothian Turnpike (built in 1850) • , 12800 Genito Road • , portion of roadbed (visible off Sturbridge Drive south of Midlothian Turnpike behind Pocono Green Shopping Center) Chesterfield Museum An exhibit on local mining history in the includes a length of iron rail from the incline railway, the first in Virginia.
• ^ • . www.chesterfield.gov . Retrieved 5 October 2016. • ^ . Census 2010. US Census Bureau . Retrieved 7 October 2016. • . Virginia is for Lovers. Virginia Tourism Corporation . Retrieved 7 October 2016. • . Mid-Lothian Mines Park . Retrieved 6 October 2016. • Nelson, Scott Reynolds (1999). Iron Confederacies: Southern Railways, Klan Violence, and Reconstruction. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press. . • . Salisbury Homeowners.
The Salisbury Courier. 2013. p. 1 . Retrieved 6 October 2016. • Farina, Elizabeth (1 May 2009). . Richmond-Times Dispatch . Retrieved 6 October 2016. • mychesterfieldschools.com, 25 September 2015 • . avalon.law.yale.edu. Avalon Project . Retrieved 7 October 2016. • Elizabeth Dabney Coleman (1954). "Forerunner of Virginia's First Railway [The Chesterfield Tramway, 1830-1850]". Virginia Cavalcade.
4 (3): 4. • . ruthschris.com. Ruth's Chris Steak House . Retrieved September 7, 2018. • (PDF). experiencechesterfield.com. Experience Chesterfield . Retrieved September 7, 2018. • Murray, Rebecca. . About.com Entertainment . Retrieved 7 October 2016. • James, George Watson (1967), "Gravity plus mules equal "steam" ", Virginia Record, Richmond, VA. (Apr. 1967 issue v. 89, no.4, p. 8) • Lutz, Frank E..
(1954) Chesterfield, An Old Virginia County, William Byrd Press, Inc., Richmond, Virginia. • O’Dell, Jeffrey M. (1983) Chesterfield County: Early Architecture and Historic Sites, Chesterfield County Board of Supervisors, Chesterfield, Virginia. • Scarburgh, George Parker, (1850), Opinion of Honorable George P. Scarburgh, of Accomac, Virginia, in the cases between the Chesterfield Railroad Company and the Richmond and Danville Railroad Company, Richmond, VA: H. K. Ellyson • Weaver, Bettie W.
()(1961—1962) "The Mines of Midlothian", in Virginia Cavalcade Winter: pages 40–47. • • Burke Davis (1985) The Southern Railway: Road Of The Innovators Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press • •
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