The Orange wine region is defined as the area above 600m in the local government areas of Orange, Cabonne and Blayney and can be usefully described as a circle around Orange. The Orange region is ideal for grape growing and winemaking because of the combination of geology, soils, climate and temperature. Together these factors combine to produce grapes and wine of distinct flavour and colour The best sites for Pinot Noir are likely to be at the cooler, higher altitude sites. There are also small areas of other, newer varieties – Sangiovese, Barbera, Tempranillo and Zinfandel. As the region matures vignerons are focussing on refining variety selection with the advantage of decades of experience.
The Orange and Cabonne areas are known as 'The Food Basket' of NSW and each year F.O.O.D. Week supports local produce and 'fine food' showcasing the producers, their products, the local chefs and restaurants, and other enterprises that provide the region with its great reputation for fine food and wine.
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Discover the beauty, heritage and tastes of Country NSW, from World Heritage wilderness to acclaimed , from nation-making heritage to outdoor adventures.
You’ll find marvellous things to do and see in historic towns that shaped Australia and in the spectacular national parks. Riding a paddle-steamer on the iconic , meeting exotic animals at Taronga Western Plains Zoo, visiting the famous , and exploring 430 million-year-old caves are just a few of the many great attractions.
You can even try your luck fossicking for gold and gems. The museums are captivating, from the in to the in , and the in . A world-class collection of flying historic warbirds is at the in . You’ll enjoy wonderful art in , including in , the in , and the Western Plains Cultural Centre in .
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There are plenty of fun activities for young kids, such as wildlife sanctuaries, adventure playgrounds and water parks. The is magnificently diverse. Stunning sections of the World Heritage Gondwana Rainforests are near the and regions in northern NSW. In south-western NSW is World Heritage . Australia’s first dark sky park is northwest in . Delicious experiences in bountiful agricultural regions include wine tasting at and dining at acclaimed restaurants such as , , and the . Browse local fresh produce at farmers markets and farm gates.
You can also tuck into hearty meals in heritage pubs. Saturday 22 December 2018 to Sunday 10 February 2019 , Wagga Wagga Highly political artist duo Soda Jerk return with their brilliant cinema mash up Terror Nulllius, a political revenge fable in three acts. Using existing film as their raw material, Soda Jerk splice together footage to create a dazzling… Saturday 22 December 2018 to Saturday 09 November 2019 , The Murray A major weekend of celebrations are planned for 25-28 January 2019.
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Orange /ˈɒrɪndʒ/ is a city in the Central West region of New South Wales, Australia. It is 254 kilometres (158 mi) west of the state capital, Sydney [206 kilometres (128 mi) on a great circle],  at an altitude of 862 metres (2,828 ft). Orange had an estimated urban population of 39,755 as of June 2016 making the city a significant regional centre.
According to the 2011 census, the key employment sectors within the City of Orange local government area include health care & social assistance, retail and the education & training sector.  A significant nearby landmark is Mount Canobolas with a peak elevation of 1,395 metres (4,577 ft) AHD and commanding views of the district.
Quick Facts For This Wiki Orange Coordinates Coordinates: Population 39,755 (30 June 2016)  ( 10th in NSW) Established 1846 Postcode(s) 2800 Elevation 863.2 m (2,832 ft)  Location • 254 km (158 mi) from Sydney • 1,010 km (628 mi) from Brisbane • 777 km (483 mi) from Melbourne • 280 km (174 mi) from Canberra LGA(s) City of Orange County Wellington, Bathurst State electorate(s) Orange Federal Division(s) Calare Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall 17.6 °C 64 °F 6.2 °C 43 °F 895.1 mm 35.2 in Orange is the birthplace of poets Banjo Paterson and Kenneth Slessor, although Paterson lived in Orange for only a short time as an infant.
Walter W. Stone, book publisher (Wentworth Books) and passionate supporter of Australian literature, was also born in Orange. The first Australian Touring Car Championship, known today as V8 Supercar Championship Series, was held at the Gnoo Blas Motor Racing Circuit in 1960. History In 1822 Captain Percy Simpson marched into the Wellington District and established a convict settlement which was called "Blackman's Swamp" after James Blackman; Simpson had employed James Blackman as a guide because he had already accompanied an earlier explorer, John Oxley into that region.
 In the late 1820s, the surveyor J. B. Richards worked on a survey of the Macquarie River below Bathurst and also of the road to Wellington. On a plan dated 1829, he indicated a village reserve, in the parish of Orange. Sir Thomas Mitchell named the parish Orange, as he had been an associate of the Prince of Orange in the Peninsular War, when both were aides-de-camp to the Duke of Wellington, whose title was bestowed on the valley to the west by Oxley.
 Initial occupation by British graziers began in late 1829, and tiny settlements eventually turned into larger towns as properties came into connection with the road. In 1844, the surveyor Davidson was sent to check on encroachments onto the land reserved for a village, and to advise on the location for a township. His choices were Frederick's Valley, Pretty Plains, or Blackman's Swamp. Blackman's Swamp was chosen, and it was proclaimed a village and named Orange by Major Thomas Mitchell in 1846 in honor of Prince William of Orange.
At nearby Ophir, a significant gold find in Australia was made in 1851, resulting in a sporadic population movement which is known as the Australian gold rush. Additional gold finds in nearby areas led to the establishment of Orange as a central trading centre for the gold.
The growth of Orange continued as the conditions were well suited for agriculture, and in 1860 it was proclaimed a municipality. The railway from Sydney reached Orange in 1877. In 1946, 100 years after it was first being established as a village, Orange was proclaimed as a minor city. Geography and climate Owing to its altitude, Orange has a temperate oceanic climate ( Köppen Cfb ), with warm summers (though with cool mornings) and cool winters with frequent morning frosts.
The city is relatively wet for an inland location owing to orographic effects from Mount Canobolas, especially during the cooler months when snow sometimes falls. Compared with most population centres in Australia it has colder winters, especially in terms of its daytime maximum temperatures. In summer, the average (and absolute) maximum temperatures are also lower than in most inland centres, on account of its elevation.
 Owing to its inland location, the humidity is low in the summer months with the dewpoint typically around 10 °C. Having 99.8 clear days annually,  it is still cloudier than the coastal areas of Sydney and Wollongong (104 and 107 clear days, respectively).
  The climate has enabled the area to be a major apple and pear producer, and more recently a centre for cool-weather wine production.  Climate data for Orange Airport Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 37.4 (99.3) 40.1 (104.2) 33.0 (91.4) 29.8 (85.6) 22.0 (71.6) 18.5 (65.3) 17.8 (64) 20.4 (68.7) 25.6 (78.1) 30.7 (87.3) 35.6 (96.1) 35.0 (95) 40.1 (104.2) Average high °C (°F) 26.0 (78.8) 25.2 (77.4) 22.4 (72.3) 18.3 (64.9) 13.9 (57) 10.4 (50.7) 9.3 (48.7) 10.7 (51.3) 13.7 (56.7) 17.3 (63.1) 20.5 (68.9) 23.9 (75) 17.6 (63.7) Average low °C (°F) 12.2 (54) 12.3 (54.1) 9.6 (49.3) 6.2 (43.2) 3.6 (38.5) 1.5 (34.7) 0.7 (33.3) 1.4 (34.5) 3.3 (37.9) 5.8 (42.4) 7.9 (46.2) 10.1 (50.2) 6.2 (43.2) Record low °C (°F) 1.7 (35.1) 2.4 (36.3) −0.5 (31.1) −3.5 (25.7) −6.6 (20.1) −6.5 (20.3) −7.1 (19.2) −5.8 (21.6) −6.0 (21.2) −3.0 (26.6) −1.0 (30.2) −1.0 (30.2) −7.1 (19.2) Average precipitation mm (inches) 84.0 (3.307) 82.4 (3.244) 53.7 (2.114) 52.6 (2.071) 62.5 (2.461) 66.2 (2.606) 88.2 (3.472) 93.6 (3.685) 79.0 (3.11) 78.2 (3.079) 76.0 (2.992) 78.8 (3.102) 895.1 (35.24) Average rainy days 8.7 8.2 7.2 7.2 10.1 12.4 13.7 13.5 11.6 10.8 10.3 9.0 122.7 Average afternoon relative humidity (%) 44 49 51 55 63 70 70 65 61 56 53 45 56.8 Source:  Climate data for Orange Agricultural Institute Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 37.2 (99) 39.2 (102.6) 33.3 (91.9) 29.4 (84.9) 21.6 (70.9) 18.0 (64.4) 16.5 (61.7) 21.8 (71.2) 25.7 (78.3) 31.3 (88.3) 36.0 (96.8) 34.8 (94.6) 39.2 (102.6) Average high °C (°F) 26.5 (79.7) 25.9 (78.6) 22.7 (72.9) 18.5 (65.3) 14.2 (57.6) 10.6 (51.1) 9.5 (49.1) 11.1 (52) 14.1 (57.4) 17.8 (64) 21.3 (70.3) 24.6 (76.3) 18.1 (64.6) Average low °C (°F) 13.3 (55.9) 13.2 (55.8) 10.7 (51.3) 7.2 (45) 4.6 (40.3) 2.6 (36.7) 1.5 (34.7) 2.1 (35.8) 4.2 (39.6) 6.6 (43.9) 9.2 (48.6) 11.2 (52.2) 7.2 (45) Record low °C (°F) 1.0 (33.8) 2.8 (37) 1.0 (33.8) −1.6 (29.1) −4.0 (24.8) −5.0 (23) −5.6 (21.9) −4.2 (24.4) −5.4 (22.3) −2.0 (28.4) −0.4 (31.3) 0.5 (32.9) −5.6 (21.9) Average precipitation mm (inches) 87.1 (3.429) 75.1 (2.957) 64.7 (2.547) 53.0 (2.087) 67.6 (2.661) 74.3 (2.925) 90.3 (3.555) 95.0 (3.74) 80.1 (3.154) 79.9 (3.146) 76.2 (3) 80.6 (3.173) 923.9 (36.374) Source #1:  Source #2:  Industries Orange is a well-known fruit growing district, and produces apples, pears, and many stone fruits such as cherries, peaches, apricots, and plums ; oranges are not grown in the area, since its climate is too cool.
In recent years, a large number of vineyards have been planted in the area for rapidly expanding wine production. The growth of this wine industry, coupled with the further development of Orange as a gourmet food capital, has ensured Orange's status as a prominent tourism destination. Other large industries include: • Cadia gold mine is a large open cut gold and copper mine located about 20 kilometres south of Orange.
The mine has been developed throughout the 1990s and is a major employer in the region with an expected lifespan of several decades. Cadia is the second largest open-cut mine in Australia, following the Super Pit at Kalgoorlie, Western Australia. Large mineral deposits are also being uncovered from the more recently developed Ridgeway underground mine which is adjacent to the Cadia Mine.
• An Electrolux white goods factory, which has announced its closure date in 2017. Orange is also the location of the headquarters of the New South Wales Department of Industry (Department of Industry, Skills and Regional Development, the New South Wales Department of Primary Industries). Education Primary and Public schools • St Mary's Catholic Primary School • Orange Public, opened 1880 • Orange East Public • Calare Public School • Orange Christian School • Bletchington Primary School • Anson Street Public School • Glenroi Heights Public School • Bowen Public School • Canobolas Public School • Clergate Public School • Catherine McAuley Catholic • Orange Anglican Grammar School The following Primary Schools are not within the city limits of Orange but are located within the rural fringe of Orange: • Orange High School • James Sheahan Catholic High School.
• Canobolas Rural Technology High School • Orange Christian School (K–12) • Kinross Wolaroi School (Prep–12) • Orange Anglican Grammar School (Transition 4yrs – 12) • MET School Orange Campus (3–12) • De La Salle College (defunct) Tertiary education • A campus of Charles Sturt University is located on the outskirts of northern Orange.
• A large campus of TAFE is also located in Orange. Orange Regional Conservatorium Churches • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Slavic Pentecostal Church • Suburbs The following are listed as the suburbs within Orange City Council, according to the New South Wales Division of Local Government:  • Ammerdown: a residential locality to the north west of Orange on the Mitchell Highway.
• Bletchington: containing mostly residential areas with one school, it is one of the largest residential areas, and it is often split into North Orange and Bletchington. Within the suburb are the Orange Botanic Gardens, the Orange Adventure Playground, and the Waratah Sports Ground. • Bloomfield: containing farmland, Bloomfield Golf Course, Riverside Mental Institution and Orange Health Service (a major regional hospital) along with the Gosling Creek Reservoir and the Gosling Creek nature reserve.
• Borenore: a locality, 15 km (9 mi) west of Orange, comprising primarily farmland. Also the site of the Australian National Field Days.  • Bowen: containing residential, predominantly public housing, industrial, commercial, Kinross Woloroi School, and government offices, this suburb also has the main road out of Orange to Sydney.
It also contains the Orange Showground and the Orange Cemetery. • Calare: the suburb is located to the west of the CBD. It is mostly a residential area, and contains Calare Public School and Orange High School, and Wentworth Golf Course. It is also commonly split into Calare, Bel-Air and Wentworth Estate and has The Quarry and Towac Park Racecourse. It houses most New Areas of Orange • Canobolas: this mainly farming and recreation area, contains the Mount Canobolas State recreation area and Mount Canobolas.
• Clifton Grove: containing farmland and large residential blocks, some parts of the estate are down stream from the Suma Park Reservoir and the area also contains the Kinross State Forest. • Clover Hill: a residential suburb to the north of the CBD.
• Glenroi: a mainly residential area with areas of public housing, along with the Electrolux white goods manufacturing plant. It also contains industrial land in areas surrounding the factory, as well as a more recent industrial area known as Leewood Estate.
• Huntley: a locality south of Orange. • Lucknow: a small village approximately 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) east of Orange.  It is a historic mining town with small residential, small industrial and commercial with most being farmland. • March: a locality north of Orange. • Millthorpe: a village south east of Orange.
The area constituting a suburb of Orange is constituted of farmland lying to the north west of the village. • Narrambla: a mainly industrial and farming land area. • Nashdale: a small but vibrant community located approximately 8 kilometres west of Orange.
The community gathers around the local Nashdale Public School and hall. Rich producer of local food and wine. • Orange: the suburb comprises the central business district of the city, which contains an original grid street plan. The main street of Orange is Summer Street.
The CBD can be defined as being the area of the city bounded by Hill, March, Peisley, and Moulder Streets. • Orange East: beginning on the eastern side of the railway line, Orange East is mostly residential, but contains some light businesses, especially on Summer, Byng, and Willams Streets. • Orange South: directly to the south of the CBD, beginning past Moulder Street this area contains Wade Park and the Orange Base Hospital. • Shadforth: a locality to the east of Orange bypassed by the Mitchell Highway that contains Shadforth Quarry.
• Spring Hill: a village to the south-east of Orange. • Spring Terrace: a locality and small village located south of Orange, centred on the local primary school. • Springside: a locality to the south of Orange. • Suma Park: a lightly populated residential area on the eastern outskirts of Orange. It contains Suma Park Reservoir, Orange's main water supply.
• Summer Hill: a lightly populated residential, industrial, and farmland area on the south eastern outskirts of Orange on the Mitchell Highway. • Warrendine: a mostly residential area and contains James Sheahan Catholic High School and industrial land. It also has small school farmland and Jack Brabham Park. Mining Cadia-Ridgeway Mine is a large open cut gold and copper mine located about 20 kilometres south of Orange, the mine has been developed throughout the 1990s employing several thousand employees with an expected lifespan of several decades.
Cadia is the second largest open cut mine in Australia after the Super Pit at Kalgoorlie. Large mineral deposits are also being uncovered from the more recently developed Ridgeway underground mine which is adjacent to the Cadia Mine. The mine is operated by Newcrest Mining. Cadia-Ridgeway is one of two gold mines Newcrest currently operates in Australia, the other being Telfer in Western Australia.
The company also owns and operates the Gosowong Mine in Indonesia and the Lihir mine in Papua New Guinea (both gold mines) amongst others .  Winemaking The Orange wine region is defined as the area above 600m in the local government areas of Orange, Cabonne and Blayney and can be usefully described as a circle around Orange. The Orange region is good for grapegrowing and winemaking due to a combination of geology, soils, climate and temperature.
Together these factors combine to produce grapes and wine of distinct flavours and colour. The climate perhaps plays the biggest part in giving Orange some distinct natural advantages – the cool temperatures during most of the growing season coupled with dry autumn conditions are ideal for grape growing.  Wineries in Orange • Angullong Vineyard • Bloodwood • Borrodell on the Mount • Brangayne of Orange • Canobolas Smith • Cargo Road Winery • Cumulus Estate • De Salis • Faisan Estate • Gordon Hills Estate • Habitat Vineyard • Heifer Station Vineyard • Hedberg Hill • Highland Heritage • La Colline • Matison Estate • Mayfield Vineyard • Montoro Wines • Moody's • Orange Mountain Wines • Patina • Philip Shaw • Printhie • Ross Hill • Rowlee Wines • Sassy Wines • Stockman's Ridge • Swinging Bridge • Turner's Vineyard • Word of Mouth Wines Wineries that use Orange region grapes in their wines include Brokenwood Wines (Hunter Valley based), Logan (Mudgee), Tamburlaine (Hunter Valley), Gartelmann (Hunter Valley), Windowrie (Central Ranges) and Lowe Wines (Mudgee).
In 2007, South Australian based Penfolds winery released the 2007 Penfolds Bin 311 Orange Region Chardonnay.  Media Orange is served by several radio stations, including 105.1 2GZ FM, 105.9 Star FM, FM107.5 Orange Community Radio, 103.5 Rhema FM, HIT Country 88 FM and 2EL 1089AM – a commercial station that gets most of its programming from 2SM in Sydney.
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) also broadcasts from four radio stations in Orange including ABC Local Radio (2CR) on 549AM and three national networks – ABC Classic FM on 102.7 FM, ABC Radio National on 104.3 FM, and Triple J on 101.9 FM.
The city receives five network television stations – Prime7 (a Seven Network affiliate), WIN TV (a Ten Network affiliate), Southern Cross Nine (a Nine Network affiliate), ABC TV and SBS One. Of the three commercial networks, Prime and WIN air 30-minute local news bulletins on weeknights, both produced locally and broadcast from studios outside the region (Canberra and Wollongong, respectively). WIN also produces a statewide late night news bulletin for southern New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, while Southern Cross Ten provides short local news updates throughout the day.
Subscription television service Foxtel is available in Orange and the surrounding region via satellite. The local newspapers are the Central Western Daily , the Midstate Observer and . Clubs and entertainment Orange has several music clubs which meet regularly. The Orange Blues Club meets at the Victoria Hotel. The Orange Blues Club also hold an annual Blues Music Festival – Black Stump Blues Festival The Orange Jazz Club meets 1st Sunday monthly at the Royal Hotel.
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