Why is Archaeology Important - archaeology reveals information about the past with the help of diggings that are carried out experts at various sites Archaeology is a very important field of study that concerns with the study of the human past. It is a subject matter that is similar to another humanities’ subject called history. However, while history is the study of human societies based upon facts and figures as recorded by historians, archaeology reveals information about the past with the help of diggings that are carried out experts at various sites of ancient civilizations. There are many who feel that archaeology does not provide any useful information.
When museums and collectors purchase archaeological items for their collections they enter an expensive and potentially deceptive commercial fine arts arena. Healthy profits are to be made from illicitly plundered ancient sites or selling skillfully made forgeries.
Archaeology dating techniques can assure buyers that their item is not a fake by providing scientific reassurance of the artefact's likely age. Archaeological scientists have two primary ways of telling the age of artefacts and the sites from which they came: relative dating and absolute dating.
Relative Dating In ArchaeologyRelative dating in archaeology presumes the age of an artefact in relation and by comparison, to other objects found in its vicinity. Limits to relative dating are that it cannot provide an accurate year or a specific date of use.
The style of the artefact and its archaeology location stratigraphically are required to arrive at a relative date. For example, if an artefact, say an oil lamp, is found co-located on the same floor of a governor's dwelling, and that floor can be dated in archaeology terms by reason of the patterns employed in the mosaic, then it is assumed that in relation to the floor that the lamp is of the same age.
Stratigraphy As A Dating TechniqueThe underlying principle of stratigraphic analysis in archaeology is that of superposition. This term means that older artefacts are usually found below younger items. When an archaeological site is excavated the sides of the unexcavated baulk reveals layering of subsequent settlements and activity. Stratigraphic excavation is the recording and study of these different strata as they are removed from the area.
Style Analysis As An Archaeology Dating Technique The shape and style of an artefact changes through time although its function may remain the same.
The changing styles of pottery, glass, stoneware, and metal objects provide archaeology analysts with known progressive sequences. Once an artefact is compared to its known development date then whenever that item reappears in the archaeological record, of that or any other site, it can quickly be dated. The Weakness of Relative DatingThe potential flaws in relative dating in archaeology are obvious.
Simply assuming that an artefact is older because it was found at a lower depth in the record is only subjective science. There are many instances of deep holes being dug for rubbish pits or to locate well water that protrude into the record of older strata injecting more modern material as they are filled in over time. Landslides and slips can completely change the topography of an entire archaeology site burying what was once on top by that which is much older, hence reversing the strata layers.
Absolute Dating As An Archaeology Dating TechniqueA more precise and accurate archaeology dating system is known as absolute dating and can in most circumstances provide a calendar year to the object.
Since 1950 there has been a transformation in the dating techniques of archaeologists. Absolute dating is highly dependant on laboratory analysis.
There are a number of techniques that have come to archaeology through the nuclear research efforts during WW2. Radiocarbon Dating In ArchaeologyRadiocarbon dating uses the biological assumption that all living things absorb carbon, both ordinary carbon, C12, and radioactive carbon, C14, into their living tissue. At the moment of death the C14 begins to decay at a rate that scientists already know from other experiments.
The missing amount can then determine how long it took to be lost and therefore date the object to a precise period. C14 Radiocarbon dating can only be used on organic matter.
Uranium - Lead Dating As A Dating Technique In ArchaeologyLithic items cannot be dated by C14 radiocarbon methods but the same principle can be used using radioactive uranium. Rocks, when formed by volcanic reaction or other cataclysmic event, contain a minute quantity of radioactive substance.
From the day of the rock's creation this radioactivity begins to deplete. Like C14, by measuring the loss, a scientist can attribute an age according to known loss rates.
Luminescence Dating In ArchaeologyArtefacts that are made from crystalline materials and uncovered in an excavation can be dated using luminescence analysis.
Crystalline minerals when subjected to intense heat will burn with differing colours of flame. Mostly used to date pottery in archaeology the method is very effective but costly. The greatest problem with dating an artefact from an archaeology site is that nearly every absolute dating process requires the destruction of at least a piece of the object in conducting the analysis. There are relatively few dating laboratories and having an artefact dated can be an expensive exercise especially if the artefact is not of great value itself.
I have been digging in my back yard. I live in Queen Valley Tx. About 16" down I found a log burnt to charcoal. Then I started finding a large number of pieces of clay pottery. Who can I get a hold of to have them dated? I read about a new way in the U.K. where they go by water that was soaked into the piece after being fired. They remove that water by firing again and weigh the piece before and after.
Then calculate the age. Is that available here in the U.S. ? What is that type of dating called and do you know who does it? I have a small vase. 3 inches high round ay the bottom and tubular at the top with a small lip around the top. It’s bluish green glass slightly foggy. It was appraised in 1997 as priceless and said to be around 2,000 years old. But it wasn’t carbon dated. I would be interested in selling it. What would you suggest I do?? I have a small vase.
3 inches high round ay the bottom and tubular at the top with a small lip around the top. It’s bluish green glass slightly foggy. It was appraised in 1997 as priceless and said to be around 2,000 years old. But it wasn’t carbon dated.I would be interested in selling it. What would you suggest I do?? I am contacting you in regards to using your knowledge in a scholarly paper I am writing in which I plan to get a copy write on.
I will give full credit to you and the website. I referenced the dating methods such as Stratigraphy dating, relative dating, and luminescence dating. Best regards, Brian Czyl
best why dating is important in archaeology - Why Are Archaeological Sites Important? Essay Example
By looking at the significance of this particular science to the modern world, people can realize and understand better why is archaeology important. It is very important because it can be used to study human behavior, chronicle the evolution of cultures as well as understand their colorful histories. Man has risen, not fallen. He can choose to develop his capacities as the highest animal and to try to rise still farther, or he can choose otherwise. The choice is his responsibility, and his alone.
There is no automatism that will carry him upward without choice or effort and there is no trend solely in the right direction. Evolution has no purpose; man must supply this for himself. The means to gaining right ends involve both organic evolution and human evolution, but human choice as to what are the right ends must be based on human evolution.
Before finding out why is archaeology important, you must know what is archaeology. Archaeology is a very important field of study that concerns with the study of the human past. It is a subject matter that is similar to another humanities’ subject called history.
However, while history is the study of human societies based upon facts and figures as recorded by historians, archaeology reveals information about the past with the help of diggings that are carried out experts at various sites of ancient civilizations. There are many who feel that archaeology does not provide any useful information. However, this article will prove that the study of archaeology is extremely useful in understanding the various aspects of the human past.
Why is Archaeology Important – Facts Archaeology gives insights into human life as it happened long time ago Our knowledge about our past is based upon knowledge through history that goes back to just a few centuries’ time.
In fact, history can allow us to know events in the past only from the time when historians started to record events. However, if one is interested in knowing about the human past beyond historical facts and figures, it is only the artifacts dug from an archaeological site that can help him. The materials and artifacts used by human beings in ancient past help experts to reconstruct the way in which human beings lived and behaved in a particular civilization.
If written history can tell us about life a few centuries ago, artifacts unearthed through archaeological excavations can reveal useful information about human life thousands and even millions of years ago. This means that archaeology can not only provide useful and accurate insight into human past and trace the rise and fall of various civilizations but also help us to learn from the mistakes of our ancient ancestors.
This is a very important body of knowledge that can prove vital for our own survival. Artifacts broaden our understanding of civilizations of the past Archaeology makes a part of the broader field of study called anthropology that studies human past in its entirety.
Archaeology allows us to get information with the help of material remains that is irrefutable evidence of how the humans lived in the ancient past. It increases our understanding of human interactions with material objects. Archaeology tells us how things happened in the distant past.
If museums of the present collect and display artifacts from history, the fossils, pits, arrows, and other artifacts used by human beings in ancient past uncovered by archaeology are vaults that tell us all about humans lived in ancient past. It provides missing links in human existence Knowing about our past is very important to widen our understanding about our existence.
It is also very important to know where we came from and how our ancestors lived and interacted with their surroundings long time ago. Archaeology gives us links to travel in time and know all about how human beings lived and survived a long time ago at a particular place.
It would suffice to say that archaeology serves as a gateway to our past. It compliments history and backs its claims with the help of hard evidence in the form of artifacts.
Typology in Archaeology