The United States of America is the undisputed heavyweight of online dating. Online dating in Brazil, Colombia, Argentina and other countries just cannot compare in terms of sheer numbers. The best online dating sites in the United States have millions of members I created this post as a guide to help you find the best online dating site for you. I’ve done online dating extensively in the United States, read a ton of reviews, and listened to the experiences of friends who have tried out the various sites below. As I mention in my online dating e-book, when I started out, I had no clue what I was doing, and my money was going down the drain each month with no results (or girlfriend) to show for it.
Updated | Iran launched its first official matchmaking website Monday, its latest move in a quest to encourage marriages and births, . “Find Your Equal,” , targets Iran’s roughly 11 million single young adults (out of a ). “We face a family crisis in Iran," , deputy minister of Youth Affairs and Sports, said during a ceremony for the site’s launch in Tehran Monday. “There are many people who are single, and when that happens it means no families and no children....This should have happened a long time ago.” But “the matchmaking website you are seeing today is not a website for introducing boys and girls to each other,” , insisting the site is not intended for dating.
“Our Islamic and Iranian culture of long-term relationships out of wedlock.” The new website has mediators—, doctors, teachers and other professionals— with one another based on information about age, education, wealth and family background. It launched after a year of trials with the goal of producing 100,000 marriages in the next year. “Though our difficulties are different from [those] in Western countries,” , “we are using modern technology to solve a problem.” The matchmaking website comes as part of a larger effort to increase marriage and birthrates in Iran and thus bolster the population.
In May 2014, supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei issued an edict calling for population growth “to ‘strengthen national identity’ and counter ‘undesirable aspects of Western lifestyles,’” . Khamenei’s edict represented the reversal in recent years of in the 1980s intended to slow the number of births in Iran.
At the time, he was concerned that a large population was putting strain on the economy. Contraception became available for free at government clinics and state television and health workers educated citizens about birth control and family planning.
But later, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Iran’s president between 2005 and 2013, the opposite outcome. He “a prescription for extinction” and : I am against saying that two children are enough. Our country has a lot of capacity. It has the capacity for many children to grow in it. It even has the capacity for 120 million people. Westerners have got problems. Because their population growth is negative, they are worried and fear that if our population increases, we will triumph over them.
The former president at a younger age, like 16 or 17, and for each child born. In August last year, Iran to prohibit surgical operations that permanently prevent pregnancy. The and in a time of economic downturn deters many young Iranians from tying the knot and starting a family. The government is considering other financial incentives to increase marriage and birth rates, such as low-interest loans for new couples, . But the efforts to encourage marriage and children have profound and .
Amnesty International that if two bills being considered in Iran became law, women “could face significant restrictions on their use of contraceptives and be further excluded from the labor market.” According to its report, “,” the Bill to Increase Fertility Rates and Prevent Population Decline (Bill 446) and the Comprehensive Population and Exaltation of Family Bill (Bill 315) block information about and access to contraceptives, end state funding of the family-planning program and have public and private entities prioritize employment based on men and women’s marital and parental status.
The bills, , “pose a major threat to the human rights and fundamental freedoms of women and girls.” Amnesty International USA is calling for the repeal of Bill 446, which its Iran country specialist Elise Auerbach says has passed but has yet to be finalized as a law, and for the amendment of parts of the other proposed bill to better protect women's rights.
best iranian matchmaking sites in usa - United States � Categories � Top 10 Best Online Dating Websites
Iranian Americans or Persian Americans are who are of or who hold . Iranian Americans are among the most highly educated people in the United States. They have historically excelled in business, academia, science, the arts, and entertainment, but have traditionally shied away from participating in and other . Iranian Americans آمریکایی های ایرانی تبار Total population 470,341 (, 2011 ) 500,000–1,000,000 (other estimates) 1–2 million (some Iranian estimates, 2012) Regions with significant populations , , , , , , , , , , , , Languages , (, , , and other ).
Religion : 31%, no religion: 19%, : 7%, : 5%, : 5%, : 2%, : 2%, "Other": 15%, and "No response": 15%. Based on a 2012 announcement by the National Organization for Civil Registration, an organization of the , the United States has the highest number of . Iranian-American is used interchangeably with Persian-American, partly due to the fact that, in the , was known as "Persia".
On the of 1935, asked foreign delegates to use the term Iran, the of the country used since the , in formal correspondence. Since then the use of the word "Iran" has become more common in the Western countries. This also changed the usage of the terms for Iranian nationality, and the common adjective for citizens of Iran changed from "Persian" to "Iranian". In 1959, the government of , Reza Shah Pahlavi's son, announced that both "Persia" and "Iran" could officially be used interchangeably.
However the issue is . There is a tendency among Iranian-Americans to categorize themselves as "Persian" rather than "Iranian", mainly to dissociate themselves from the which is in charge since , and also to distinguish themselves as being of , which comprise about 65% of Iran's population. While the majority of Iranian-Americans come from Persian backgrounds, there is a significant number of such as and within the Iranian-American community, leading some scholars to believe that the label "Iranian" is more inclusive, since the label "Persian" excludes non-Persian minorities.
The uses a variety of similar and overlapping definitions for the terms "Persian" and "Iranian". See also: One of the first recorded Iranians to visit was Martin the Armenian, an tobacco grower who settled in in 1618.
, also known as Hajj Sayyah, was an Iranian who came to North America in the 1800s. He was inspired to travel around the world due to the contradiction between the democratic ideals he read about and how his fellow Iranians were treated by their leaders. He began his travels as a 23-year-old looking for knowledge, to experience the lives of others, and to use that knowledge to help with Iran's progress. His stay in the United States lasted 10 years, and he traveled across the country from New York to San Francisco.
He met a variety of influential American figures including President , who met with him on several occasions. On May 26, 1875, Hajj Sayyah became the first Iranian to become an American Citizen.
He was imprisoned upon his return to Iran for taking a stand against living conditions there. He looked to the United States to protect him but to no avail. During the peak period of worldwide emigration to the United States (1842–1903), only 130 Iranian nationals were known to have immigrated.
First phase of emigration The first wave of Iranian migration to the United States occurred from the late 1940s to 1977, or 1979. The United States was an attractive destination for students, as American universities offered some of the best programs in engineering and other fields, and were eager to attract students from foreign countries. Iranian students, most of whom had learned English as a second language in Iran, were highly desirable as new students at colleges and universities in the United States.
By the mid-1970s, nearly half of all Iranian students who studied abroad did so in the United States. By 1975, the Institute of International Education's annual foreign student census figures listed Iranian students as the largest group of foreign students in the United States, amounting to a total of 9% of all foreign students in the country. As the Iranian economy continued to rise steadily in the 70s, it enabled many more Iranians to travel abroad freely.
Consequently, the number of Iranian visitors to the United States also increased considerably, from 35,088, in 1975, to 98,018, in 1977. During the 1977–78 academic year, of about 100,000 Iranian students abroad, 36,220 were enrolled in American institutions of higher learning. During the 1978–79 academic year, on the eve of the revolution, the number of Iranian students enrolled in American institutions rose to 45,340, and in 1979–80, that number reached a peak of 51,310.
At that time, according to the , more students from Iran were enrolled in American universities than from any other foreign country. The pattern of Iranian migration during this phase usually only involved individuals, not whole families.
Due to Iran's increasing demand for educated workers in the years before the revolution, the majority of the Iranian students in America intended to return home after graduation to work, especially those who had received financial aid from the Iranian government or from industry on condition of returning to take jobs upon graduation.
Due to the drastic events of the , the students ended up staying in the United States as refugees. These several thousand visitors and students unintentionally became the basis of the cultural, economic, and social networks that would enable large-scale immigration in the years that followed.
Second phase The second phase of Iranian migration began immediately before and after the of 1979 and the overthrow of the Shah , and became significant in the early 1980s. As Ronald H. Bayor writes, "The 1979 Revolution and the war with Iraq transformed Iran's class structure, politically, socially, and economically." The revolution drastically changed the pattern and nature of Iranian emigration to the United States, while the Iran-Iraq War that ensued afterwards was also another factor that forced many of the best-educated and most wealthy families into exile in the United States and other countries.
Once basically an issue of during the Pahlavi period, it was now predominantly an involuntary emigration of a relatively large number of middle- and upper-class families, including the movement of a considerable amount of wealth.
During and after the revolution, most students did not return to Iran, and those who did were gradually purged from the newly established . Many students who graduated abroad after the revolution also did not return, due to ruling clergy's repression. As a result, the educated elite who left Iran after the revolution, and the new graduates in the United States who chose not to return home, created a large pool of highly educated and skilled Iranian professionals in the United States.
By 2002, an estimated 1.5 to 2.5 million Iranians lived abroad, mainly in North America and Europe, due to the Islamic government's authoritarian practices. A further notable aspect of the migration in this phase is that members of religious and ethnic minorities were starting to become disproportionally represented among the Iranian American community, most notably Bahai'is, Jews, Armenians, and Assyrians.
According to the , there were 123,000 Americans of Iranian ancestry at that time. Between 1980 and 1990, the number of foreign-born people from Iran in the United States increased by 74 percent.
Contemporary period , Persian American stand-up comedian The third phase of Iranian immigration started in 1995 and continues to the present.
According to the , there were 283,225 Iranian-born people in the US. According to the same 2000 US Census, there were 385,488 Americans of Iranian ancestry at that time. The 2011 (ACS) estimate found 470,341 Americans with full or partial Iranian ancestry. However, most experts believe that this is a problem of underrepresenting due to the fact that "many community members have been reluctant in identifying themselves as such because of the problems between Iran and the United States in the past two decades." and also because many were ethnic minorities (Jewish, Armenian, and Assyrian Iranians) who instead identify as the ethnic group they are part of rather than as Iranians.
Estimates of 1,000,000 and above are given by many Iranian and non-Iranian organizations, media, and scholars.
Kenneth Katzman, specialist in Middle Eastern affairs and part of the , in December 2015 estimated the number at over 1,000,000. Paul Harvey and Edward Blum of the and the in 2012 estimated their number at 1,000,000, as well as . According to the (Public Affairs Alliance of Iranian Americans), estimates range from 500,000 to 1,000,000, numbers backed up by Ronald H.
Bayor of the as well. stated that there were an estimated 1,500,000 Iranians in the United States in 2012. The Iranian interest section in Washington, D.C., in 2003 claimed to hold passport information for approximately 900,000 Iranians in the US.
Today, the United States contains the highest number of outside of Iran. The Iranian-American community has produced , including medicine, engineering, and business. See also: and Although Iranians have lived in the United States in relatively small numbers since the 1930s, a large number of Iranian-Americans immigrated to the United States after the of 1979.
Data on this group is well documented by the (USCIS). According to the , there were 385,488 Americans of Iranian ancestry at that time. In the 2011 , the number of Americans of full or partial Iranian ancestry amounted c.
470,341. Population Federal data on Iranian Americans in the is not according to race, but rather ancestry, which is collected by the annual (ACS). Data on Iranian ancestry from the annual ACS is available on the Census Bureau’s website. Most experts believe that the underrepresented number of Iranian Americans in the ACS is a problem due to the fact that "many community members have been reluctant in identifying themselves as such because of the problems between Iran and the United States in the past two decades." Estimations of 1,000,000 and above are given by many Iranian and non-Iranian organisations, media, and scholars.
Kenneth Katzman, specialist in Middle Eastern affairs and part of the , estimates their number at over 1,000,000 (published December 2015). Historians Paul Harvey and Edward Blum estimate their number at 1,000,000 (published 2012), as well as . According to the (Public Affairs Alliance of Iranian Americans), estimates range from 500,000 to 1,000,000, numbers backed by Ronald H.
Bayor of the . , in 2012, stated that there are an estimated 1,500,000 Iranians in the United States. The Iranian interest section in Washington D.C., in 2003, claimed to hold passport information for approximately 900,000 Iranians in the US. According to research done by the Iranian Studies Group, an independent academic organization at the (MIT), Iranian Americans are most likely far more numerous in the United States than census data indicate.
The group estimates that the number of Iranian Americans may have topped 691,000 in 2004—more than twice the figure of 338,000 cited in the 2000 . According to extrapolated U.S. Census data and other independent surveys done by Iranian-Americans themselves in 2009, there were an estimated one million Iranian-Americans living in the U.S., with the largest concentration—about 72,000 people—living in the Los Angeles area. For this reason, the L.A. area, with its Iranian American residents, is sometimes referred to as "" or "Irangeles" among Iranian-Americans.
Regarding Iranian-Americans of origin, the put the number of Armenians living in Los Angeles at 52,400, of whom 71.9% were foreign born: 14.7% in Iran, 14.3% in the , 11.5% in , 9.7% in , 11.7% in other countries (Egypt, , , etc.), and the rest in other parts of the world. , , and all have large communities of Iranian Americans; 26% of the total population of Beverly Hills is , making it the city's largest religious community.
Half of the nation's Iranians reside in the state of alone. Other large communities include /, which have 9.1% of the U.S.'s Iranian population, followed by // (8.3%) and (6.7%). , a village in , is said to have the largest concentration of Iranians in the United States (approximately 40%).
However, unlike the population in Los Angeles, the Great Neck population is almost exclusively Jewish. [ ] has the largest population in the United States, with many of them emigrating from Iran.
[ ] Approximately 6,000-10,000 Iranian Americans reside in the city of , while up to 30,000 reside in the . Some of this population is Iranian Assyrian. Religion See also: and Unlike the population of Iran, a majority of Iranian Americans are non-Muslim due to the religious composition of those fleeing the , which included a disproportionate share of Iran's religious minorities, as well as subsequent ex-Muslim asylum seekers and other conversions away from Islam.
Many Iranian Americans identify as or , but a full one-fifth are , , , or . Additionally, there are also some Iranian , but they are very small in number. According to Pew Research, about 22% of the ex-Muslims in the United States are Iranian Americans, compared to 8% of current Muslims. A 2012 national telephone survey of a sample of 400 Iranian-Americans, commissioned by the and conducted by Zogby Research Services, asked the respondents what their religions were.
The responses broke down as follows: 31%, // 11%, 8%, 7%, 5%, 5%, 2%, 2%, "Other" 15%, and "No response" 15%. The survey had a cooperation rate of 31.2%. The for the results was +/- 5 percentage points, with higher margins of error for sub-groups. Notably, the number of Muslims decreased from 42% in 2008 to 31% in 2012.
According to 's , the average Iranian is slightly less religious than the average American. In the book Social Movements in 20th Century Iran: Culture, Ideology, and Mobilizing Frameworks, author Stephen C. Poulson adds that are making Iranians . There are religious and differences among the Muslim, Jewish, Baha'i, Zoroastrian, Christian, , , , and groups.
Calculating the percentage of Iranian-Americans is difficult because most Iranian Christians are of or origin; and, apart from identifying as Iranian, a number amongst them also strongly self-identifies as Armenian or Assyrian, rather than as (or apart from) Iranian. Ethnicity The majority of Iranian-Americans are ethnic , with sizeable ethnic minorities being , , , , , , , , among others.
According to Hakimzadeh and Dixon, members of religious and ethnic minorities such as Bahai'is, Jews, Armenians, and Assyrians were disproportionately represented amongst the early exiles of the 1978–79 revolution. Citizenship According to , in 2015, 13,114 people born in Iran were issued , while 13,298 were issued one in 2016. In 2015, 10,344 Iranians became naturalized, with a further 9,507 in 2016.
Nearly all Iranians who reside in the United States are either (81%) or (15%) of the United States (2008 survey). Iranian-Americans regard their and heritage as an important component of their day-to-day life and their overall identity within the United States.
Four benchmarks are traditionally used to measure assimilation: language proficiency, intermarriage, spatial concentration, and socio-economic status. Per these criteria, one can determine with a significant degree of confidence that the Iranian-American community has made significant strides in successfully assimilating to a new culture and way of living.
According to a survey commissioned by the (PAAIA) in 2008, only 21 percent of Iranian-Americans reported interacting mostly with other Iranian Americans outside of their workplace, demonstrating that most of them have successfully integrated into United States society.
The intermarriage rate is very high among Iranian Americans. It has been estimated that nearly 50 percent of Iranian-Americans who married between 1995 and 2007 married non-Iranian Americans. Research has furthermore indicated that Iranian-Americans who are Muslim are more open to intermarry than those who are members of religious or ethnic minorities, such as Jews and Armenians. Compared to men, Iranian women are less likely to mix or intermarry outside their group, which, according to the PAAIA, is likely because, as a group, they are more likely to adhere to traditional Iranian values, including making marriages that are approved by their families and are within Iranian cultural norms.
Regarding language proficiency in the United States among its immigrant groups, the first generation principally speaks their native language, the second generation speaks both English and their parents' language, and the third generation typically speaks only English, while maintaining a knowledge of some isolated words and phrases from their ancestral tongue.
The Iranian American community follows this pattern. Education According to Bayor, from the very beginning, Iranian immigrants differed from other arrivals in their high educational and professional achievements. According to , 50.9 percent of Iranian immigrants have attained a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to a 28.0 percent national average. According to the latest census data available, more than one in four Iranian-Americans holds a master's or doctoral degree, the highest rate among 67 ethnic groups studied.
A 1990 study showed that by virtue of education and occupation, native-born and Iranian-Americans of origin "tend to have the highest socioeconomic status... while those from Turkey have the lowest", although Turkish Armenians boast the highest rate of self-employment.
In 1988, a article claimed that Middle Eastern Armenians, which includes Armenians from Iran, preferred to settle in , while Armenian immigrants from the Soviet Union were attracted to Hollywood, Los Angeles.
A study regarding showed that Armenians from Iran (Iranian-Armenians) are known for quick integration into American society: for example, only 31% of Armenian Americans born in Iran claim not to speak English well, while those Armenians from other nations were shown to have less success at integrating. Occupations and income The (SBA) conducted a study that found Iranian immigrants among the top 20 immigrant groups with the highest rate of business ownership, contributing substantially to the U.S.
economy. According to the report, there were 33,570 active and contributing Iranian American business owners in the U.S., with a 21.5% business ownership rate. The study also found that the total net business income generated by Iranian Americans was $2.56 billion.
Almost one in three Iranian-American households have annual incomes of more than $100,000 (compared to one in five for the overall U.S. population). Ali Mostasahri, a founding member of the Iranian Studies Group, offers a reason for the relative success of Iranian-Americans compared to other immigrants. He believes that, unlike many other immigrants who left their home countries because of economic hardships, Iranians left due to social or religious reasons like the 1979 revolution. About 50 percent of all working Iranian Americans are in professional and managerial occupations, a percentage greater than any other group in the United States (Bayor, 2011).
Physicians See also: The earliest Iranian professionals in the U.S. were physicians. [ ] They were mostly young trainees who worked as medical interns or residents. Some established themselves to continue practice beyond the residency stage. Their motives to extend their stay in the United States were more for professional than economic reasons.
Researchers from Johns Hopkins University in 1974 reported, in the Journal of American Medical Association, that, in 1971, the number of Iranian physicians in the U.S. was 1,625. The authors further studied the causes for immigration by sending questionnaire to all Iranian MDs in the United States. According to the 660 respondents, the main reasons for migration were mandatory two-years' military service, low salaries as compared to the United States, expensive housing, and socio-political reasons.
In 2013, another report was published, in the Archive of Iranian Medicine (AIM), saying that, post-revolution, the number of Iranian medical school graduates in the United States had grown to 5,045. Those who migrated to the U.S. after the 1979 revolution were mostly experienced physicians who came with their families and an intent to stay permanently. As of 2013 , there are 5,050 Iranian medical school graduates in the United States.
Prior to the revolution, the 1,626 physicians migrated to the United States were 15% of all Iranian medical school graduates, while the 5,045 medical graduates who migrated post-Islamic Revolution represent only 5% of total Iranian medical graduates. This is not indicative of the entire United States, merely of the areas in which most of the Iranian-American population is concentrated.
Most important issues to the Iranian-American community Though Iranian-Americans have historically excelled in business, academia, and the sciences, they have traditionally shied away from participating in American politics or other civic activities.
Iranian-Americans don't seem to engage in American Politics, the fact that only 10 percent of them voted in the 2004 election, according to surveys in large American cities, is evidence of this. The group that published this information urged Iranian-Americans to come together and vote, in order to make a difference in how the United States foreign policy operates with regards to Iran. An August 2008 Zogby International poll, commissioned by the , found that approximately one-half of Iranian Americans identified themselves as registered , in contrast to one in eight as and one in four as independents (2008).
The same poll indicates that more than half of Iranian Americans cite domestic U.S. issues, including issues that are not unique to Iranian Americans, as the most important to them.
In contrast, one quarter of Iranian Americans cite foreign policy issues involving and less than one-in-ten cite the internal affairs of Iran as being of greatest importance to them. From 1980 to 2004, more than one out of every four Iranian immigrants was a refugee or asylee. The /Zogby poll cites that almost three-quarters of Iranian-Americans believe the promotion of and democracy in Iran is the most important issue relating to U.S.-Iran relations.
About the same percentage, however, believe diplomacy is the foreign policy approach towards Iran that would be in the best interest of the United States. 84% support establishing a U.S. Interest Section in Iran. Nearly all Iranian Americans surveyed . See also: , , and According to a survey conducted in 2009, more than six in ten Iranian Americans have immediate family members in , and almost three in ten communicate with their families or friends in Iran at least several times a week.
An additional four in ten communicate with their families or friends in Iran at least several times a month. This study indicates an unusually close relationship between Iranian-Americans and . As of 2013, U.S. laws require to obtain a license from the U.S. (OFAC) to engage in transactions related to the sale of their . Similarly, US persons will need a license from OFAC to open a bank account or transfer money to Iran.
Travel to Iran See also: The U.S. government does not have diplomatic or consular relations with the Islamic Republic of Iran and therefore cannot provide protection or routine consular services to U.S.
citizens in Iran. The , acting through its , serves as protecting power for U.S. interests in Iran. The Iranian government and will not allow the Swiss to provide protective services for U.S. citizens who are also Iranian nationals. The Iranian authorities make the determination of a dual national's Iranian citizenship without regard to personal wishes.
In 2016, the U.S. warned U.S. citizens of the risks of . In some instances, foreigners, in particular dual nationals of Iran and Western countries including the United States, have been detained or prevented from leaving Iran. See also: According to the , nearly half of Iranian-Americans surveyed in 2008 by have experienced or personally know Iranian Americans who have experienced discrimination due to their ethnicity, religion, or country of origin.
The most common types of discrimination reported are check, , , and discrimination at the hands of immigration officials. In 2009 , a professor, warned about the dangers of allowing Iranian Americans to get too close to power during the 2009 (AIPAC) conference: For a more comprehensive list, see . Business/technology: Iranian-Americans are among the most educated and successful communities in the U.S., according to a report by the Iranian Studies group at .
Iranian-Americans have founded, or hold senior leadership positions at, many major US companies, including Fortune 500 companies such as , , , , , , and .
, founder/CEO of is of Iranian origin, as well as is the founder of , . is Vice-Chairman of . was the co-founder of and the producer of Oracle's . In 2006, , co-founder of the , became the first female tourist in space. Ansari is also the co-founder and former CEO of Prodea Systems, Inc., and Telecom Technologies, Inc.
Other well known Iranian-American entrepreneurs include designer , entrepreneur , business executive , former of (formerly Siemens Enterprise Communications), of and former Senior Vice President of , CEO of , of , and Lead Producer for the (MMORPG) from 1999 to 2007.
Philanthropy: Many Iranian-Americans are active philanthropists and leaders in improving their community. In 2006, the was the recipient of a $10 million donation from an Iranian-American couple based in , Texas. The was the recipient of a $17 million gift from an Iranian-American, as was which received a $10 million gift from an Iranian-American couple.
Chicago's Swedish Covenant Hospital received $4 million; , $8 million; and , $30 million. Science/academia: Well known Iranian-Americans in science include , a director at ; , inventor of the first gas laser; , the first female winner of the ; , a leading theoretical physicist; cancer biologist ; , the inventor of ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; and , M.D., a pioneer in the fields of electrophysiology and cardiology.
Prominent Iranian-Americans in American higher education include , researcher, professor, and provost of (NYIT) and , president of . Media/entertainment: Well-known American media personalities of Iranian descent include of and ; , member of the rock band ; , of ; ; ; ; and . There are several Iranian American actors, comedians and filmmakers, including the nominee and winner , actresses , , , , , , , and , actor , comedians and , filmmakers and , producers and , author and performer , and artist and filmmaker .
There are also notable American YouTube personalities of Iranian descent, including . Sports: Professional tennis player , football players , and , professional wrestlers and , professional mixed martial artist , professional soccer players , and , and professional baseball player . Politics and Law: The son of the late of Iran, , lives in the United States, as well as several high-ranking officials in the Shah's administration, such as and . is the Under Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs of the , as well as the former U.S.
Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs from 2008 to 2009, during which she was the highest-ranking Iranian-American public official in the United States.
elected its first Iranian-born Mayor, , in 2007. served as the mayor of from 2004–2005. In November 2011, was elected Councilwoman in the , becoming the first Iranian-American to be elected to a major municipal office in New York State. , who was appointed as the for Financial Institutions by President Obama, is the highest ranking Iranian-American official in government as of 2012.
In November 2012, of Washington state and of California became the first Iranian-Americans elected to state legislatures. Habib is now the and the first Iranian-American elected to any statewide office. Champaign County (Ohio) elected Fereidoun Shokouhi to the public office of Champaign County Engineer in 1995. He served until his retirement in 2012. is a human rights attorney based in Atlanta and is a former president of the . • ^ . Retrieved 7 January 2016.
• . (in Persian). . May 20, 2012 . Retrieved 11 April 2017. • . (in Persian). . May 5, 2013 . Retrieved 11 April 2017. • (in Persian). . September 7, 2012 . Retrieved 11 April 2017. • . Hafte Sobh Newspaper (in Persian). Bartarinha News Portal. September 9, 2012 . Retrieved 11 April 2017. • ^ (in Persian). . September 7, 2012 .
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• ^ (PDF). paaia.org. 2012 . Retrieved 2013-07-20. • ^ . Migrationinformation.org . Retrieved 2010-02-15. • ^ . Payvand.com. November 24, 2006 . Retrieved 2010-02-15. • ^ Azadeh Ansari CNN (June 16, 2009).
. CNN . Retrieved 2010-02-15. • ^ Daha, Maryam (September 2011). . Journal of Adolescent Research. Sage journals. 26 (5): 543–569. : . Retrieved December 21, 2016.
... the majority of the participants self-identified themselves as Persian instead of Iranian, due to the stereotypes and negative portrayals of Iranians in the media and politics. Adolescents from Jewish and Baha'i faiths asserted their religious identity more than their ethnic identity.
The fact Iranians use Persian interchangeably is nothing to do with current Iranian government because the name Iran was used before this period as well. Linguistically modern Persian is a branch of Old Persian in the family of Indo-European languages and that includes all the minorities as well more inclusively.
• Nakamura, Raymond M. (2003). . Kendall/Hunt Pub. p. 31. . Iranian/Persian Americans – The flow of Iranian citizens into the United States began in 1979, during and after the Islamic Revolution.
• Zanger, Mark (2001). . ABC-CLIO. p. 213. . Retrieved December 21, 2016. • Racial and Ethnic Relations in America, Carl Leon Bankston,"Therefore, Turkish and Iranian (Persian) Americans, who are Muslims but not ethnically Arabs, are often mistakenly..", Salem Press, 2000 • Darya, Fereshteh Haeri (2007).
. ProQuest. pp. 3–4. . Retrieved 21 December 2016. According to previous studies, the presence of heterogeneity is evident among Iranian immigrants (also known as Persians – Iran was known as Persia until 1935) who came from myriads of religious (Muslim, Christian, Jewish, Armenian, Assyrian, Baha'i and Zoroastrian), ethnic (Turk, Kurds, Baluchs, Lurs, Turkamans, Arabs, as well as tribes such as Ghasghaie, and Bakhtiari), linguistic/dialogic background (Persian, Azari, Gialki, Mazandarani, Kurdish, Arabic, and others).
Cultural, religious and political, and various other differences among Iranians reflect their diverse social and interpersonal interactions. Some studies suggest that, despite the existence of subgroup within Iranian immigrants (e.g. various ethno-religious groups), their nationality as Iranians has been an important point of reference and identifiable source of their identification as a group across time and setting.
• Yarshater, Ehsan 2010-10-24 at the ., Iranian Studies, vol. XXII no. 1 (1989) • , The Ayatollah Begs to Differ: The Paradox of Modern Iran, by Hooman Majd, , September 23, 2008, , 9780385528429. p. • (2005). . Mazda. . Retrieved December 21, 2016. • ^ Bozorgmehr, Mehdi (2009).
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In Iran, where religious officials encourage early marriage, and long-term dating relationships frustrate clerics and officials, matchmaking is not personal – it's a matter of state. In a bid to encourage millions of Iranian singles to marry and increase a low population growth rate, Iran on Monday launched its first official matchmaking website. "We face a family crisis in Iran," Mahmoud Golzari, a deputy minister of youth affairs and sports, in a ceremony launching in Tehran.
"There are many people who are single, and when that happens it means no families and no children," he said. “This is not a dating website,” Mr. Golzari emphasized. "Intermediaries and people who are trusted by people and families" are going to do the matchmaking, reported the . Applicants will submit their detailed personal information to the site and then matchmakers will find the best fit for them, he explained.
Eleven million of Iran's 80 million citizens are bachelors under 30, and the matchmaking website is a part of a larger official effort in Iran to reduce this number and increase birthrates. Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has been a cheerleader for population growth for several years. He wants the population to grow to – and in a in a traditional country like Iran, that means increasing the marriage rate first. In May 2014, Ayatollah Khamenei issued an edict ordering the government to decrease the marriage age, increase the fertility rate, and evict the obstacles to marriage.
Parliament responded by taking steps to by banning and restricting access to contraceptives. The marriage rate has declined in Iran for years. Last year, Iran announced that this rate has fallen by six percent to 712,000 marriages. Some point to financial causes for matrimony's declines.
An economic downturn has made it difficult for young couples to afford the cost of starting households. Besides, some youths have less appetite for marriage than before.
They do not believe in tying the knot, and find it more convenient to stay in long-term dating relationships. This trend, known in Iran as "," has sparked criticism among clerics and officials. By signing up, you agree to our . Officials told AFP that during its one-year trial, 130 intermediaries introduced 3,000 men and women, of whom 200 got married. Golzari believes reversing the anti-marriage trend is “necessary” for Iran's future, and he has lofty goals for the website, which he expects to "increase the number of marriages ."
DATING A PERSIAN GUY vs. DATING A AMERICAN GUY